Basics for Chemistry

Basics for Chemistry

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: David A. Ucko
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271101

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Basics of Chemistry provides the tools needed in the study of General Chemistry such as problem solving skills, calculation methods and the language and basic concepts of chemistry. The book is designed to meet the specific needs of underprepared students. Concepts are presented only as they are needed, and developed from the simple to the complex. The text is divided into 18 chapters, each covering some particular aspect of chemistry such as matter, energy, and measurement; the properties of atoms; description of chemical bonding; study of chemical change; and nuclear and organic chemistry. Undergraduate students will find the book as a very valuable academic material.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    One. Introduction

    1.1 Chemistry Defined

    1.2 The Nature of Science

    1.3 The Background of Chemistry

    1.4 Studying Chemistry

    1.5 Studying This Textbook


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    Two. Matter, Energy, and Measurement

    2.1 Matter

    2.2 Measurement and the Metric System

    2.3 Exponential Notation

    2.4 Mass

    2.5 Length

    2.6 Volume

    2.7 Energy

    2.8 Significant Figures

    2.9 Rounding-of Numbers

    2.10 Calculations Using Exponential Notation

    2.11 Estimating Calculations



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    Three. Problem Solving and Measurement Applied

    3.1 Problem Solving

    3.2 Conversion Factor Method

    3.3 Metric Conversions

    3.4 Multiple Conversions

    3.5 Metric—English Conversions

    3.6 Temperature Conversion

    3.7 Heat

    3.8 Density



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    Four. The Atom

    4.1 Atoms

    4.2 Charges of Subatomic Particles

    4.3 Masses of Subatomic Particles, and the Amu

    4.4 Atomic Number and Mass Number

    4.5 Elements

    4.6 Isotopes and Atomic Weight

    4.7 Simplified Atomic Diagrams

    4.8 Quantum Theory

    4.9 Atomic Orbitals

    4.10 Electron Configuration

    4.11 Electron Transitions and Radiation

    A Brief History of The Modern Atom



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    Five. The Periodic Table

    5.1 Periodic Law

    5.2 Periods

    5.3 Groups

    5.4 Metals and Nonmetals

    5.5 Periodic Properties

    5.6 Periodic Trends in Metals and Nonmetals

    5.7 Other Periodic Tables

    5.8 Brief Survey of the Elements



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    Six. Chemical Bonding

    6.1 The Chemical Bond

    6.2 Covalent Bond Formation

    6.3 Molecules

    6.4 Electronegativity

    6.5 Polar Covalent Bonding

    6.6 Combining Capacity

    6.7 Drawing Lewis Structures

    6.8 Ions

    6.9 Ionic Bonding

    6.10 Polyatomic Ions

    6.11 Overview of Bonding



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    Seven. Writing Names and Formulas of Compounds

    7.1 Covalent Compounds

    7.2 Ionic Compounds

    7.3 Compounds with Polyatomic Ions

    7.4 Writing Formulas of Ionic Compounds

    7.5 Naming Acids

    7.6 Brief Survey of Chemical Compounds



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    Eight. Chemical Formulas and the Mole

    8.1 Formula Or Molecular Weight of Compounds

    8.2 The Mole

    8.3 Converting Moles to Grams

    8.4 Converting Grams to Moles

    8.5 Conversions Based On Avogadro's Number

    8.6 Percentage Composition

    8.7 Determining Chemical Formulas



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    Nine. Chemical Reactions

    9.1 Chemical and Physical Change

    9.2 Chemical Equations

    9.3 Conservation of Mass

    9.4 Balancing Chemical Equations

    9.5 Interpreting Balanced Equations

    9.6 Types of Chemical Reactions

    9.7 Writing Chemical Equations

    9.8 Energy Changes in Reactions

    9.9 Sources and Uses of Energy

    9.10 Important Industrial Reactions



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    Ten. Calculations Based On Equations

    10.1 Stoichiometry

    10.2 Mole—Mole Problems

    10.3 Mole—Mass Problems

    10.4 Mass—Mass Problems

    10.5 Problems Involving Avogadro's Number

    10.6 Limiting Reagent Problems

    10.7 Percent Yield



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    Eleven. Gases

    11.1 Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases

    11.2 Pressure

    11.3 Pressure and Volume

    11.4 Pressure and Temperature

    11.5 Volume and Temperature

    11.6 Combined Gas Law

    11.7 Relating Moles to Volume

    11.8 Stoichiometry Involving Gases

    11.9 Ideal Gas Law

    11.10 Air and Partial Pressure

    11.11 Air Pollution



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    Twelve. Water: The Properties of A Liquid

    12.1 Kinetic Theory of Liquids and Solids

    12.2 Structure of Water

    12.3 Density of Water and Specific Gravity

    12.4 Vaporization

    12.5 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat

    12.6 Changes of State

    12.7 Cohesion and Adhesion

    12.8 Water of Hydration

    12.9 Water Pollution

    12.10 Water Treatment

    12.11 Hard Water



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    Thirteen. Solutions

    13.1 Types of Solutions

    13.2 Process of Dissolving

    13.3 Solubility

    13.4 Saturation

    13.5 Solubilities of Liquids and Gases

    13.6 Solvents

    13.7 Percentage Concentration of Solutions

    13.8 Concentration Expressed in Moles

    13.9 Dilution of Solutions

    13.10 Reactions in Solution: Ionic Equations

    13.11 Colligative Properties of Solutions

    13.12 Colloids and Suspensions



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    Fourteen. Acids, Bases, and Salts

    14.1 Acids

    14.2 Properties and Preparation of Acids

    14.3 Bases and their Relation to Acids

    14.4 Properties of Bases

    14.5 Ph of Acids and Bases

    14.6 Neutralization and Salts

    14.7 Titration

    14.8 Hydrolysis

    14.9 Buffers



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    Fifteen. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Electrochemistry

    15.1 Oxidation Numbers

    15.2 Oxidation and Reduction

    15.3 Balancing Redox Equations byOxidation Numbers

    15.4 Balancing by Half-Reactions

    15.5 Galvanic Cells

    15.6 Reduction Potentials

    15.7 Electrolytic Cells



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    Sixteen. Chemical Kinetics and Chemical Equilibrium

    Part A Chemical Kinetics

    16.1 Reaction Rate

    16.2 Activation Energy

    16.3 Reaction Mechanism

    16.4 Catalysis

    Part B Chemical Equilibrium

    16.5 Introduction to Chemical Equilibrium

    16.6 Le Chatelier's Principle

    16.7 Writing Equilibrium Constant Expressions

    16.8 Examples of Ionic Equilibrium

    16.9 Equilibrium Calculations

    16.10 Calculations Involving Acid and Base Equilibrium

    16.11 Calculations Involving Solubility Equilibrium



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    Seventeen. Nuclear Chemistry

    17.1 Radioactivity

    17.2 Nuclear Reactions

    17.3 Natural Radioactivity

    17.4 Artificial Radioactivity

    17.5 Matter and Energy

    17.6 Nuclear Binding Energy

    17.7 Fission and Fusion

    17.8 Half-Life

    17.9 Radiation Detection and Units of Radiation

    17.10 Applications of Radiation

    17.11 Effects of Radiation On Human Health



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    Eighteen. Organic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry

    Part A Organic Chemistry

    18.1 Carbon Atom

    18.2 Methane

    18.3 Alkanes

    18.4 Alkyl Groups

    18.5 Isomers

    18.6 Alkenes and Alkynes

    18.7 Cyclic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    18.8 Oxygen-Containing Organic Compounds

    18.9 Other Organic Derivatives and Polymers



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    Part B Biological Chemistry

    18.10 Carbohydrates

    18.11 Lipids

    18.12 Proteins and Enzymes

    18.13 Metabolism

    18.14 Nucleic Acids and Heredity



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    Appendix A: Overcoming Fear of Science and Math

    Appendix B: Arithmetic Review

    B.1 Basic Operations With Signed Numbers

    B.2 Fractions

    B.3 Decimals and Percent


    Appendix C: Algebra Review

    C.1 Solving Equations

    C.2 Proportions

    C.3 Formulas

    C.4 Graphs


    Appendix D: Using A Calculator

    Appendix E: SI Units

    Appendix F: Solubility Table

    Appendix G: Table of Logarithms

    Appendix H: Using A Log Table For ph Conversions


    Appendix I: Glossary

    Appendix J: Numerical Answers to Exercises by Topic

    Appendix K: Numerical Answers to Review Exercises


Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271101

About the Author

David A. Ucko

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