Basic sleep Mechanisms

Basic sleep Mechanisms

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editor: Olga Petre-Quadens
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148795

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Basic Sleep Mechanisms is a collection of studies about the different mechanisms that facilitate the process of sleep. The studies, despite being made by experts of different subspecialties, are more purposed for general interest. The book is divided into four parts. Part I covers the concepts under the neurophysiological mechanisms of sleep, such as the sleep-wake cycle, pontine stimulations of sleep, and the role of different parts of the nervous system in sleep. Part II includes topics under the neurochemical aspects of sleep and the role of monoaminergic neurons in it. Part III discusses the different three states of the adult human body, the direction in its research, and its psychological aspect. Part IV explains the developmental aspects of sleep, especially in infants and children. The text is recommended for neurologists, doctors, and psychologists who want to know more about the study or to conduct their own study about sleep, the principles behind it, and its development.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors




    Neurophysiological Mechanisms of Sleep

    Chapter One Historical Development of Ideas on Sleep

    Chapter Two Neural Mechanisms of the Sleep-Waking Cycle

    I. The Chronic Decerebrate Cat

    II. The Chronic Cerveau hole Cat

    III. The Hypothesis of the Brain-Stem Origin of the Sleep-Waking Cycle

    IV. The Hypothesis of the Cerebral Origin of the Sleep-Waking Cycle

    V. An Attempt at a Synthesis

    VI. Summary

    Chapter Three Effects of Pontine Stimulations on Sleep and Waking Behaviors of the Pigeon

    I. The Sleep-Waking Cycle in the Acute Thalamic Pigeon

    II. Sleep and Feeding Behavior in the Chronic Thalamic Pigeon

    III. Sexual Behavior in the Androgen-Treated, Male Thalamic Pigeon

    IV. Premating Behavior in the Intact, Androgen-Treated Pigeon

    V. Conclusions

    VI. Summary


    Chapter Four Role of the Thalamus in Sleep Control: Sleep-Wakefulness Studies in Chronic Diencephalic and Athalamic Cats

    I. Methods

    II. Results and Discussion

    III. Conclusions


    Chapter Five Forebrain Mechanisms for the Onset of Sleep


    Chapter Six Intracellular Studies of Thalamic Synaptic Mechanisms in Evoked Synchronization and Desynchronization of Electrocortical Activity

    I. Synaptic Mechanisms in Generalized Thalamocortical Synchronization

    II. Thalamic Synaptic Mechanisms during Reticulocortical Activation

    III. Thalamic Internuclear Interactions during Synchronizing and Desynchronizing Activities

    IV. Comment and Conclusion


    Chapter Seven Physiological Mechanisms of Barbiturate Spindle Activity

    I. Thalamic Control of Spindle Waves

    11. Thalamic Recurrent Inhibition

    III. Spontaneous Thalamic Activity

    IV. Thalamocortical Synchrony

    V. Pacemakers for Thalamic Rhythmic Activity


    Chapter Eight Input-Output Organization of the Motor Cortex and Its Alterations during Sleep and Waking

    I. Background

    II. Objectives and Description of Experiments

    III. Cell Identification

    IV. Spontaneous Firing

    V. Evoked Discharges

    VI. Inhibitory Events


    Neurochemical Mechanisms of Sleep

    Chapter Nine The Role of Monoaminergic Neurons in the Regulation and Function of Sleep

    I. Monoaminergic Systems and Their Experimental Approach

    II. Alteration of the Serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine) System: The Sleep-Waking Cycle as a Dependent Variable

    III. Alteration of the Catecholamine System: The Sleep-Waking Cycle as a Dependent Variable

    IV. Interactions between the Serotoninergic System and the Catecholaminergic System during the Sleep—Waking Cycle

    V. Some Hypotheses Concerning the Function of Paradoxical Sleep

    VI. Summary


    Chapter Ten Neurochemical Aspects of Sleep


    Chapter Eleven Somatic Reflex Activity during Sleep and Wakefulness

    I. Data

    II. Discussion

    Adult Human Sleep States

    Chapter Twelve An Introduction to Sleep

    I. Early Work: The EEG and the ARAS

    II. REM Sleep and the Temporal Course of Events

    III. Two States of Sleep

    IV. The Process View

    V. Dissociative Aspects of Sleep and Wakefulness: Implications for the Process View of the Sleep States

    VI. Microepochs: A Closer Look at the Temporal Process in Sleep

    VII. The Failure of Total and Selective Deprivation to Elucidate Functional Consequences

    VIII. The Psychological Side of Sleep

    IX. New Directions in Sleep Research

    Chapter Thirteen Pharmacology of Sleep

    I. Rebounds of Paradoxical Sleep

    II. Tricyclic Antidepressants

    III. Need for Chronic Studies

    IV. Other Types of Drug Effects

    V. Behavioral Correlates


    Chapter Fourteen General Discussion: Significance of Sleep Signs and Their Use in the Classifications of Sleep Stages

    Chapter Fifteen Clinical Disorders in Man and Animal Model Experiments

    Developmental Aspects of Sleep Patterns

    Chapter Sixteen Introductory Remarks on Sleep Ontogenesis

    Chapter Seventeen Neuro-Ontogeny of Sleep in the Rat

    I. Development or Behavioral States

    II. Development of the EEG

    Chapter Eighteen Sleep in the Human Newborn

    I. Awakening

    II. Sleep

    III. Smiling

    IV. Frequential Association of the Stages

    V. Ontogeny of Paradoxical Sleep

    VI. Conclusion

    VII. Summary


    Chapter Nineteen Sleep Studies in Hormonal and Metabolic Diseases of Infancy and Childhood


    Chapter Twenty General Discussion: Significance of the Sleep Parameters in Early Behavioral Development

    Chapter Twenty-One Final Remarks



Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148795

About the Editor

Olga Petre-Quadens

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