Basic Mechanisms in Hearing

Basic Mechanisms in Hearing

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: Aage Moller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141932

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Basic Mechanisms in Hearing is a collection of papers that discusses the function of the auditory system covering its ultrastructure, physiology, and the mechanism's connection with experimental psychology. Papers review the mechanics, morphology, and physiology of the cochlear, including the physiology of individual hair cells and their synapses. One paper examines the combined physiological and anatomical studies of stimulus coding in the mammalian auditory nervous system. The results of these studies pertain to the latency, frequency selectivity, and time pattern of responses to short tone bursts. Other research compare the cochlear nerve, behavioral, and psychophysical frequency selectivity which show that frequency selectivity of the auditory system occurs at the level of the cochlear nerve, becoming downgraded in end-organ deafness. Other papers discuss neural coding at higher levels such as the feature extraction in the auditory system of bats. Some papers also analyze the specialized hearing mechanisms in animals, for example, the echolocation of bats and in some insects, the function of the swimbladder in fish hearing, as well as the "invertebrate frequency analyzer" in the locust ear. Physiologists, neurophysiologists, neurobiologists, general medical practioners, and EENT specialists will find this collection valuable.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Introduction: v. Békésy

    I. Cochlear Mechanics

    Cochlear Nonlinearities

    An Investigation of Post-Mortem Cochlear Mechanics Using the Mossbauer Effect

    A Possibility for Sub-Tectorial Membrane Fluid Motion

    Observations of the Mechanical Disturbances along the Basilar Membrane with Laser Illumination

    Concluding Remarks

    II. Cochlear Morphology

    The Normal Organ of Corti

    The Innervation of the Cochlear Receptor

    Problems and Pitfalls in Studies of Cochlear Hair Cell Pathology

    III. Cochlear Physiology

    The Cocktail Hour before the Serious Banquet

    The Physiology of Individual Hair Cells and Their Synapses

    The Ionic Receptive Mechanism in the Acoustico-Lateralis System

    Cochlear Potentials and Cochlear Mechanics

    Neuropharmacology and Potentials of the Inner Ear

    Inner Ear Potentials in Lower Vertebrates: Dependence on Metabolism

    IV. Neural Coding at Lower Levels

    Stimulus Coding at Caudal Levels of the Cat's Auditory Nervous System: I. Response Characteristics of Single Units

    Stimulus Coding at Caudal Levels of the Cat's Auditory Nervous System: II. Patterns of Synaptic Organization

    Studies of Phase-Locked Cochlear Output in Cells of the Anteroventral Nucleus in the Cochlear Complex of the Cat

    The Frequency Selectivity of the Cochlea

    Considerations of Nonlinear Response Properties of Single Cochlear Nerve Fibers

    Coding of Amplitude Modulated Sounds in the Cochlear Nucleus of the Rat

    V. Neural Coding at Higher Levels

    Time Dependent Features of Adequate Sound Stimuli and the Functional Organization of Central Auditory Neurons

    Feature Extraction in the Auditory System of Bats

    Patterns of Activity of Single Neurons of the Auditory Cortex in Monkey

    Efferent Crossed Inhibition in the Ventral Cochlear Nuclei

    VI. Psychoacoustics

    In Search of Physiological Correlates of Psychoacoustic Characteristics

    Temporal Effects in Psychoacoustical Excitation

    Minimum Integration Time

    VII. Specialized Hearing in Animals


    Function of the Swimbladder in Fish Hearing

    The Mechanics of the Locust Ear: An Invertebrate Frequency Analyzer

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 956
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141932

About the Editor

Aage Moller

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