Basic Animation Stand Techniques

Basic Animation Stand Techniques

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Author: Brian G. D. Salt
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154848

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Basic Animation Stand Techniques describes the use and importance of the animation stand in making animated films for the screen. The book describes the fundamental operation and construction of the animation stand where the film camera is mounted. The text explains in detail how the animation stand holds the camera, which points vertically straight down on the table containing the artwork. The selection describes the zoom movement, the light box, and the cell punch. Then the book discusses the three kinds of methods of animation, namely, modification, substitution, and mechanical movement. The book teaches some basic techniques of animation as well as the use of superimposition, image replacement, back projection, aerial image, fades, or mixes. The text explains exposures at different sized fields and camera exposure sheets, the latter containing detailed instructions on how to shoot each single frame. The book also notes the settings that can be achieved on a modern animation stand, including the counters and calibration of gears and wheels. For example, a movement can be as precise as a hundredth of an inch, while a rotation can be made in a tenth of a degree. The book also provides a fairing table, different exposures for different films, and a method to approximate the amount of film stock left in a magazine. The text is valuable for artists, animators, animation technicians, film directors, and others working in the film industry.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    I. The Animation Camera

    II. The Animation Stand

    III. The Field Chart; the Light Box; the Cell Punch

    IV. Methods of Animation

    V. Basic Techniques

    VI. Superimposition and Image Replacement

    VII. Back Projection and Aerial Image

    VIII. Fades and Mixes

    IX. Exposures at Different Sized Fields

    X. The Dope Sheet

    XI. Linear Movements and Fairings

    XII. Exponential Movements

    XIII. Rotations and Circular Pans


    Fairings, Co-fairings and Middle Fairings

    Exposures for Different Sized Fields

    Frames, Seconds, Feet, Meters

    Lengths of Film in Magazine

    Standards and Metric Conversion



Product details

  • No. of pages: 240
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154848

About the Author

Brian G. D. Salt

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