Bacterial Metabolism

Bacterial Metabolism

2nd Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Author: H. W. Doelle
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272375

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Description

Bacterial Metabolism, Second Edition describes microbial systematics and microbial chemistry and focuses on catabolic events. This book deals with the progress made in bacterial metabolism that includes data on regulatory mechanisms; comparison of bacterial growth kinetics with enzyme kinetics; aerobic amino acid catabolism; and the glucose transport mechanism. This text also emphasizes the development of photosynthetic phosphorylation in the different bacterial families. This book explains anaerobic respiration and carbohydrate metabolism—glucose, fructose, lactose, mannose, allose, and sorbitol. This text then describes aerobic respiration including the "Nitroso" and "Nitro" groups of genera, and the Knallgas bacteria, which use the reaction between molecular hydrogen and molecular oxygen as their source of energy. This book also explains the microbial transformation of iron as caused by either specific organisms (e.g. Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans) or nonspecific organisms. This selection also explains the process of fermentation by Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria, and proteolytic clostridia. This text can be valuable for microchemists, microbiologists, students, and academicians whose disciplines are in biological chemistry and cellular biology.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Preface to the First Edition

    1 Thermodynamics of Biological Reactions

    Concepts of Thermodynamics

    Free Energy

    References

    Supplementary Readings

    Questions

    2 Enzymes, Coenzymes, and Bacterial Growth Kinetics

    Enzymes

    Coenzymes

    Bacterial Growth Kinetics

    References

    Supplementary Readings

    Questions

    3 Photosynthesis and Photometabolism

    Terminology in Bacterial Metabolism

    Photosynthesis

    Photometabolism

    Photochemical Nitrogen Fixation

    The Electron Acceptor in Purple Bacteria

    Evolution of Photosynthesis

    References

    Supplementary Readings

    Questions

    4 Anaerobic Respiration

    Sulfur Compounds as Electron Acceptors

    Nitrate as Electron Acceptor

    Carbon Dioxide as Electron Acceptor

    References

    Supplementary Readings

    Questions

    5 Carbohydrate Metabolism

    Glucose Metabolism

    Fructose Metabolism

    Lactose Metabolism

    Mannose Metabolism

    Allose Metabolism

    Gluconate Metabolism

    Mannitol Metabolism

    Sorbitol Metabolism

    Inositol Metabolism

    Hexuronic Acid Metabolism

    Pentose and Pentitol Metabolism

    Glycerol Metabolism

    Polyol Metabolism of Acetic Acid Bacteria

    Glycol Oxidation

    2,3-Butanediol Metabolism

    References

    Questions

    6 Aerobic Respiration—Chemolithotrophic Bacteria

    The "Nitroso" Group of Genera

    The "Nitro" Group of Genera

    Hydrogenomonas or Knallgas Bacteria

    The Iron-Oxidizing Bacteria

    The Sulfur-Oxidizing Bacteria

    Autotrophy and Heterotrophy

    References

    Questions

    7 Aerobic Respiration—Chemoorganotrophic Bacteria

    Tricarboxylic Acid (TCA) Cycle

    Electron Transport in Aerobic Microorganisms

    Carboxylic Acid Metabolism

    Regulatory Mechanisms of Carboxylic Acid Metabolism

    Ethanol Metabolism

    Methane Oxidation

    Amino Acid Metabolism

    References

    Questions

    8 Aerobic Respiration—Hydrocarbon Metabolism

    Oxidation of Alkanes and Alkenes

    Oxidation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Metabolism of Halogenated Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Regulation of the Aromatic Hydrocarbon Metabolism

    Metabolism of Phenoxyalkyl Carboxylic Acids

    Metabolism of Riboflavin

    Metabolism of Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

    Metabolism of Steroids

    Metabolism of Aromatic Polycyclic Hydrocarbons

    Metabolism of p-Toluene Sulfonate

    Metabolism of Coumarin

    Metabolism of Pipecolate

    Metabolism of 2-Furoic Acid

    Oxygenases

    References

    Questions

    9 Fermentation

    Introduction

    Carbon, Energy, and Balance

    Fermentation of Propionic Acid Bacteria

    Fermentation of Saccharolytic Clostridia

    Fermentation of Enterobacteriaceae

    Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Facultative Anaerobic Bacteria (Pasteur and Crabtree Effects)

    Fermentation of Lactic Acid Bacteria

    Fermentation of Proteolytic Clostridia

    References

    Questions

    Subject Index

    Microorganism Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 752
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272375

About the Author

H. W. Doelle

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