Description

Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles.

Key Features

  • Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest
  • Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties
  • Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution

Readership

Graduate students and researchers in microbiology, ecology and limnology, particularly soil and sediments, geochemists, those interested in plant nutrition, marine microbiology, micobial metabolism, and the global change research community.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1. Bacterial Metabolism

1.1 General Considerations: Functional Properties of Bacteria

1.2 Bacterial Metabolism

1.3 Dissimilatory Metabolism

1.4 Assimilatory Metabolism

1.5 Bioenergetics of Microbial Metabolism

Chapter 2. Transport Mechanisms

2.1 Physical Transport Mechanisms

2.2 Bacterial Motility and Sensory Motile Behaviour

Chapter 3. Degradation of Organic Polymers and Hydrocarbons

3.1 Substrates and the Efficiency of Degradation

3.2 Hydrolytic Enzymes

3.3 Mineral Nutrients and Decomposition Rates of Plant Derived Detritus

3.4 Humic Material and Hydrocarbons

Chapter 4. Comparison of Element Cycles

Chapter 5. The Water Column

5.1 The Composition of Planktonic Prokaryote Communities

5.2 Organic Matter: Composition, Origin and Turnover

5.3 Suspended Particles: Formation and Coupling Between Plankton and Sediments

5.4 Bacteria and Cycling of N and P

5.5 The Fate of Bacterial Cells

5.6 Motile Chemosensory Behaviour

5.7 Stratified Water Columns

Chapter 6. Biogeochemical Cycling in Soils

6.1 Soil Water as a Master Variable for Biogeochemical Cycling

6.2 Water Stress Physiology

6.3 Responses to Plant Organic Matter

6.4 Responses of Soil Biogeochemistry to Disturbance and Change

Chapter 7. Aquatic Sediments

7.1 Vertical Zonation, Vertical Transport, and Mixing

7.2 Element Cycling in Sediments

7.3 Sediments in the Light

7.4 Microbial Mats

Chapter 8. Microbial Biogeochemistry and Extreme Environments

8.1 Microbial Biology and Extreme Environments: An Overview

8.2 Biogeochemistry and Extreme Environments

8.3 Hypersaline Microbial Mats as Model Extreme Environments

8.4 Sub-Surface Environments as Extreme Systems

8.5 Thermophiles

Details

No. of pages:
312
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124159747
Print ISBN:
9780124158368

Reviews

@qu:"The authors of this book have succeeded with such a synthesis by creating a current, accurate and lucid review of bacterial biogeochemistry. The 10 chapters of this book describe, in logical order, the myriad of biogeochemical reactions in soils, aqueous systems and the atmosphere that are mediated by prokaryotic organisms. Throughout each chapter the fundamentals of microbial processes are presented in a way that allows for easy extrapolation to applied problems, including environmental concerns. This book would serve as a valuable resource for all those, students to professionals, who require an accurate, current, yet broadly based review of this rapidly evolving discipline." @source:--SGM QUARTERLY