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Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles.
- Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest
- Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties
- Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution
Graduate students and researchers in microbiology, ecology and limnology, particularly soil and sediments, geochemists, those interested in plant nutrition, marine microbiology, micobial metabolism, and the global change research community.
Chapter 1. Bacterial Metabolism
1.1 General Considerations: Functional Properties of Bacteria
1.2 Bacterial Metabolism
1.3 Dissimilatory Metabolism
1.4 Assimilatory Metabolism
1.5 Bioenergetics of Microbial Metabolism
Chapter 2. Transport Mechanisms
2.1 Physical Transport Mechanisms
2.2 Bacterial Motility and Sensory Motile Behaviour
Chapter 3. Degradation of Organic Polymers and Hydrocarbons
3.1 Substrates and the Efficiency of Degradation
3.2 Hydrolytic Enzymes
3.3 Mineral Nutrients and Decomposition Rates of Plant Derived Detritus
3.4 Humic Material and Hydrocarbons
Chapter 4. Comparison of Element Cycles
Chapter 5. The Water Column
5.1 The Composition of Planktonic Prokaryote Communities
5.2 Organic Matter: Composition, Origin and Turnover
5.3 Suspended Particles: Formation and Coupling Between Plankton and Sediments
5.4 Bacteria and Cycling of N and P
5.5 The Fate of Bacterial Cells
5.6 Motile Chemosensory Behaviour
5.7 Stratified Water Columns
Chapter 6. Biogeochemical Cycling in Soils
6.1 Soil Water as a Master Variable for Biogeochemical Cycling
6.2 Water Stress Physiology
6.3 Responses to Plant Organic Matter
6.4 Responses of Soil Biogeochemistry to Disturbance and Change
Chapter 7. Aquatic Sediments
7.1 Vertical Zonation, Vertical Transport, and Mixing
7.2 Element Cycling in Sediments
7.3 Sediments in the Light
7.4 Microbial Mats
Chapter 8. Microbial Biogeochemistry and Extreme Environments
8.1 Microbial Biology and Extreme Environments: An Overview
8.2 Biogeochemistry and Extreme Environments
8.3 Hypersaline Microbial Mats as Model Extreme Environments
8.4 Sub-Surface Environments as Extreme Systems
8.5 Thermophiles and Hyperthermophiles in Extreme Environments
8.6 Additional Considerations
Chapter 9. Symbiotic Systems
9.1 Symbiotic Polymer Degradation
9.2 Symbiotic N2 Fixation
9.3 Autotrophic Bacteria as Symbionts
Chapter 10. Microbial Biogeochemical Cycling and the Atmosphere
10.1 The Atmosphere as an Elemental Reservoir
10.2 Atmospheric Structure and Evolution
10.3 Synopsis of Trace Gas Biogeochemistry and Linkages to Climate Change
10.4 Trace Gas Dynamics and Climate Change: An Analysis of Methane Production and Consumption
Chapter 11. Origins and Evolution of Biogeochemical Cycles
11.1 Biogeochemical Cycles and Thermodynamics
11.2 Pre-Biotic Earth and Mineral Cycles
11.3 The Earliest Life and its Origin
11.4 Precambrian Life and Precambrian Biogeochemical Cycling
APPENDIX 1. Thermodynamics and Calculation of Energy Yields of Metabolic Processes
APPENDIX 2. Phylogeny and Function in Biogeochemical Cycles
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2012
- 24th July 2012
- Academic Press
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
In 1986, Tom Fenchel was the recipient of the Ecology Institute Prize and the Huntsman Medal for Excellency in Oceanography. He is an honorary member of the Society for General Microbiology and is a Professor of Marine Biology and the Director of the Marine Biological Laboratory at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. He has authored and co-authored several books and has published about 120 original and review papers on microbial ecology, marine biology and population biology. He holds a Ph.D and a Dr.Sc. from the University of Copenhagen and is a member of the Danish Royal Academy of Sciences and of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
University of Aarhus, Denmark
Gary M. King has received the Distinguished Service Award from the Natural Council of Maine, the President's Creative Achievement Award from the University of Maine, and the Graduate Research and Teaching Award from the College of Science at the University of Maine. He was a Fulbright research fellow in Denmark from 1988-1990 and was the Chief Scientist/Aquanaut Team Leader for the "Aquarius" missions 88-2 and 89-2 and Hydolab 84-5. He received his Ph.D with honors from the University of Georgia, is a professor of Microbiology and Oceanography at the University of Maine, and has published more than 80 papers in refereed scientific journals.
University of Maine, Walpole, U.S.A.
"The authors of this book have succeeded with such a synthesis by creating a current, accurate and lucid review of bacterial biogeochemistry. The 10 chapters of this book describe, in logical order, the myriad of biogeochemical reactions in soils, aqueous systems and the atmosphere that are mediated by prokaryotic organisms. Throughout each chapter the fundamentals of microbial processes are presented in a way that allows for easy extrapolation to applied problems, including environmental concerns. This book would serve as a valuable resource for all those, students to professionals, who require an accurate, current, yet broadly based review of this rapidly evolving discipline." --SGM QUARTERLY
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