Avian Biology

Avian Biology

Volume I

First published on September 28, 1971

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  • Editors: Donald S. Farner, James R. King
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270005

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Description

Avian Biology is a collection of papers that deals with biological aspects of birds such as their classification and habitat behavior. One paper reviews how birds are classified through practical systematics, study of fossils, and some of the problems encountered in the arrangement of major groups. Another paper discusses the origin and evolution of birds from their reptilian predecessors to their current evolutionary rates. Evolutionary rates vary depending on access to new habitats; if the environment is static, evolutionary rates can also slow down. One author discusses the inter-relations of sea birds with their marine environment, including coastal areas and the biological properties of the surface water. Another author describes the biology of desert birds relating to nomadism behavior and physical adaptations especially to the arid environment. The author also describes the cooling mechanism of these desert birds. Another paper evaluates the ecological aspect of behavior that includes foraging, habitat selection, mating, and flocking cohesion. Avian biologists, zoologists, and readers who have a general interest in birds will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Note on Taxonomy

    Chapter 1. Classification of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Practical Systematics

    III. Some Problems in the Arrangement of Major Groups

    IV. A Classification of Birds

    V. Some Fossils of Uncertain Taxonomic Position

    References

    Chapter 2 . Origin and Evolution of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Reptilian Predecessors of Birds

    III. The Origin of Birds

    IV. Evolution during the Cretaceous

    V. The Tertiary Expansion of Birds

    VI. Evolution in the Quaternary

    VII. Rate of Evolution

    References

    Chapter 3. Systematics and Speciation in Birds

    I. Introduction and Analytic Methods

    II. Intraspecific Variation

    III. Species and Speciation

    IV. Generic Level

    V. The Future of Avian Systematics

    References

    Chapter 4. Adaptive Radiation of Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. Problems in Size: The Surface-Volume Ratio

    III. Locomotor Adaptations

    IV. Adaptation for Feeding

    V. Adaptive Radiation within Families and Orders of Birds

    References

    Chapter 5. Patterns of Terrestrial Bird Communities

    I. Introduction

    II. Spatial and Temporal Organization

    III. Interspecies Associations

    IV. Birds as Part of a Larger Community. Energy and Density of Individuals

    V. Prospect

    References

    Chapter 6. Sea Bird Ecology and the Marine Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. Feeding

    III. The Marine Environment

    IV. Breeding Seasons, Movements, and Molt

    V. Breeding Ecology

    VI. Life and Death of Sea Birds

    VII. Regulation of Sea Bird Numbers

    VIII. Interspecific Relations and Some Evolutionary Considerations

    References

    Chapter 7. Biology of Desert Birds

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Desert Areas

    III. The Occurrence of Deserts

    IV. The Desert Avifauna

    V. Reproduction

    VI. Nomadism

    VII. Physiological Adaptations

    References

    Chapter 8. Ecological Aspects of Periodic Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. The Breeding Seasons of Birds

    III. Ultimate Control of Reproduction

    IV. Proximate Control of Reproduction

    V. The Social Factor in Reproduction

    VI. Phylogenetic Aspects of Breeding Seasons

    VII. Migration in Relation to Reproduction

    References

    Chapter 9. Population DynamicsZ

    I. Definition

    II. Bird Numbers

    III. Population Fluctuations

    IV. Clutch Size

    V. Territory

    VI. Mortality

    References

    Chapter 10. Ecological Aspects of Reproduction

    Symbols

    I. Introduction

    II. Demographic Considerations

    III. Variations in Reproductive Parameters

    IV. Reproductive Strategy

    V. Breeding Success

    VI. Adult Survivorship

    VII. Geographic Variation in Reproductive Strategies

    References

    Chapter 11. Ecological Aspects of Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Foraging Behavior

    III. Habitat Selection and Spacing

    IV. Mating Systems

    V. Flocking Behavior

    References

    Author Index

    Index to Bird Names

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 606
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: September 28, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270005

About the Editors

Donald S. Farner

James R. King

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