Auditory Physiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125034500, 9780323156196

Auditory Physiology

1st Edition

Authors: Aage Moller
eBook ISBN: 9780323156196
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1982
Page Count: 318
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Description

Auditory Physiology describes the functions of the ear and the auditory nervous system, using well-documented research work. This book explains the physiology of the ear, the general function of the auditory nervous system, and its anatomy. This text also discusses in detail the neurophysiological basis for discriminating frequency and time. This discrimination refers in particular to (1) the ability to distinguish two sounds on the basis of their frequencies when the two sounds are not presented at the same time; and (2) the ability to discriminate one spectral component in a complex sound that contains several spectral components. This book notes that for low frequencies, temporal analysis is more useful in processing complex sounds than the simple determination of energy in different frequency bands. Research shows that particular spatial patterns of response to different characteristic of complex sounds can exist, which are not feature detectors such as neurons specifically tuned to special and complex properties of a certain stimulus. This book can prove beneficial for physiologists, neurobiologists, neurophysiologists, general medical practioners, and EENT specialists.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Anatomy and General Physiology of the Ear

Introduction

External Ear and Head

Middle Ear

The Acoustic Impedance of the Ear

Acoustic Middle Ear Reflex

The Inner Ear

Mechanical Properties of the Basilar Membrane

Sensory Transduction in Hair Cells

Electrical Potentials in the Cochlea

References

2 Anatomy and General Function of the Auditory Nervous System

Introduction

Anatomical Organization of the Ascending Auditory Pathway

Frequency Tuning in Response to Simple Stimuli

Inhibition

Tonotopic Organization

Discharge Rate as a Function of Stimulus Intensity (Rate Intensity Curves)

Temporal Coding of Frequency of Pure Tones

Nonlinearities in the Auditory Periphery

Response to Complex Sounds: Time-Varying Sounds

Binaural Interaction in the Ascending Auditory Pathway

Descending Auditory Nervous System

References

3 Frequency Analysis in the Peripheral Auditory System

Introduction

Physiological Measures of the Spectral Selectivity in the Auditory Periphery

Spectral Selectivity at the Level of the Neural Transduction Process

Bandwidth Values of Cochlear and Neural Tuning as Measures of Frequency Selectivity: Do We Measure Selectivity Correctly?

Determination of Auditory Frequency Selectivity Using Psychoacoustical Methods

Impulse Response Function of the Peripheral Analyzer

Origin of Spectral Tuning in the Auditory Periphery

Functional Implications of Basilar Membrane Selectivity

Temporal Analysis in the Auditory System

Place versus Temporal Principle for Pitch Perception

What Information Does the Ear Convey to the Central Auditory Nervous System in the Case of Steady-State Sounds?

Conclusion

References

4 Coding of Complex Sounds in the Auditory Nervous System

Introduction

Responses to Broadband Sounds in the Auditory Periphery

Responses to Tones and Noise with Rapidly Varying Frequency (Sweep Tones and Sweep Noise)

Coding of Sound with Varying Intensity

Coding of Natural Sounds and Neurophysiological Basis of Speech Perception

Signal Processing in the Auditory Nervous System in Summary

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
318
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323156196

About the Author

Aage Moller