Auditory Physiology and Perception - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080418476, 9781483161051

Auditory Physiology and Perception

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Hearing Held in Carcens, France, on 9–14 June 1991

Editors: Y. Cazals K. Horner L. Demany
eBook ISBN: 9781483161051
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 3rd April 1992
Page Count: 684
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Description

Auditory Physiology and Perception documents the proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Hearing held in Careens, France, 9-14 June 1991. The aim of the symposium was to promote exchanges between hearing scientists working with different approaches from cell biology to psychology. The volume is organized into 10 parts. Part I contains papers on the biology of inner ear cells. Part II presents studies on auditory periphery functioning. Part III examines frequency selectivity while Part IV contains papers that deal with the subject of pitch. The papers in Part V examine the coding of intensity. Parts VI and VII discuss temporal analyses and spectral shape analysis, respectively. Part VIII takes up spectro-temporal processing. Part IX covers binaural interactions and sound localization. The studies in Part X focus on pathologies, such as the relations between evoked otoacoustic emissions and pure tone audiometry and the effect of short duration acoustic trauma on activity of single neurons in the ventral cochlear nucleus. The final chapter of the text is a tribute to Professor Zwicker, a leading scientist in hearing, who passed away some months before the symposium.

Table of Contents


List of Participants

Preface

Inner Ear Cell Biology

Neurobiology of Cochlear Hair Cells-Invited Tutorial

Two Control Systems for the Outer Hair Cell Motor

The Cortical Cytoskeleton and Cell Shape Changes in Mammalian Outer Hair Cells

Stochastic Theory of Outer Hair Cell Electromotility

Correlation between the Length of Outer Hair Cells and the Frequency Coding of the Cochlea

Evidence for Voltage Sensitive Ca2+ Channels in Supporting Cells of the Organ of Corti: Characterisation by Indo-1 Fluorescence

Contribution of ?+ Channels to Solute Exit from Endolymph-Secreting Dark Cells

Auditory Periphery Functioning

Cochlear Mechanics-Invited Tutorial

Basilar Membrane Response to Clicks

On Mechanical Excitation of Hair Cell Stereocilia in the Cochlea

Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Echidna: Morpholgy of a Primitive Mammalian Cochlea

Pressure Measurements in the Fish Lateral Line

Basal Turn Hair Cell Activity Dominate the Round Window Recorded Simple Difference Tone(F2-F1)

A Third-Order Nonlinear Oscillator Model for Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions

Statistics of and Physiological Mechanisms for Self Exciting Point Process Models of Auditory Nerve Discharge

Self Stimulation of the Tympanic Membrane in the Frog

Frequency Selectivity

A Quantitative Comparison of Peripheral Tuning Measures: Primary Afferent Tuning Curves versus Suppression Tuning Curves of Spontaneous and Distortion-Product Otoacoustic Emissions

Comparisons of Physiological and Behavioral Properties: Auditory Frequency Selectivity

Characterizing Changes in Auditory Filter Bandwidth as a Function of Level

Auditory Filters and Aging: Filters when Audiometric Thresholds are Normal

Cochlear Nonlinearity for Complex Stimuli

Normal Tuning Curves for Primary Afferent Fibers Innervating Short and Intermediate Hair Cells in the Pigeon Ear

Pitch

The Musical Pitch of High Frequency Tones

The Pitch of Anharmonic Comb Filtered Noise Reconsidered

Pitch of Dichotic Complex Tones with a Mistuned Frequency Component

Cochlear Nerve and Cochlear Nucleus Responses to the Fundamental Frequency of Voiced Speech Sounds and Harmonic Complex Tones

Tonotopy and Periodotopy in the Auditory Midbrain of Cat and Guinea Fowl

Intensity Coding

Neural Encoding of Sound Intensity in the Ventral Cochlear Nucleus of Awake and Behaving Cats

The Coding of Intensity in the Inferior Colliculus: Onset and Sustained Responses

Some Experiments Relating to the Overshoot Effect

Possible Relation of Auditory Nerve Adaptation to Slow Improvement in Level Discrimination with Increasing Duration

On the Relation between Intensity Discrimination and Adaptation

Involvement of Medial Olivo-Cochlear System in Loudness Adaptation

Memory for Loudness: The Role of Loudness Contour

Temporal Analyses

Real Time Coding of Complex Sounds in the Auditory Nerve

Physiological Correlates of Temporal Integration

Fluctuation Strength of Narrow Band Noise

The Effects of Level Uncertainty on the Detection of a Tone Added to Narrow Bands of Noise

Discrimination of Converging and Diverging Frequency Transitions

The Detection of Frequency and Amplitude Modulation in the European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris): Psychoacoustics and Neurophysiology

Spectral Shape Analysis

Spectral Shape Discrimination of Two-Tone Complexes

Discrimination of Complex Spectra: Spectral Weights and Performance Efficiency

Neural Coding of Intensity Increments Added to Pure-Tone and Multi-Tone Complexes

Interneurons of the Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus Shape the Responses of Principal Cells to Complex Sounds

Spectral Gradient Columns in Primary Auditory Cortex: Physiological and Psychoacoustical Correlates

Perception of Speech Sounds by Birds

Spectro-Temporal Processing

How Does Physiology Support Auditory Scene Analysis?-Invited Tutorial

Complex Sounds and Auditory Images-Invited Tutorial

A Multi-Representation Model for Auditory Processing of Sounds

Identification of Initial Stop Consonants Processed by the Patterson-Holdsworth ASP Model

Identification and Discrimination of Stop Consonants: Formants versus Spectral Peaks

Temporal Relations in Profile Comparisons

Comodulation Masking Release (CMR) and Profile Analysis: the Effect of Varying Modulation Depth

Auditory Image Perception and Amplitude Modulation: Frequency and Intensity Discrimination of Individual Components for Amplitude Modulated Two-Tone Complexes

An Anatomical/Physiological Approach to Auditory Selective Attention

Binaural Interactions And Sound Localization

Frequency Discrimination, Amplitude Discrimination and the Binaural Masking Level Difference: Some Anomalous Results

Binaural Critical Bands in Normal and Impaired Listeners and their Relation to Speech Intelligibility in Noise

Masker Envelope Fluctuation and Binaural Masking Release

Irregularities in the Precedence Effect

Models of Binaural Processing Based on Neural Patterns in the Medial Superior Olive

The Role of Consistency of Interaural Timing over Frequency in Binaural Lateralization

Localization in an Echoic Environment

The Effect of Bandwidth on Auditory Localization: An Estimation Theory Model

Differences in Masked Thresholds between Monaural and Diotic Conditions: Influence of Contraleral Efferent Stimulation?

Pathologies

Analysis of the Relations between Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions and Pure Tone Audiometry

Selective Glutamate Antagonists Block the Excitotoxicity Caused Either by Glutamate Agonists or by Ischemia

Effect of Short Duration Acoustic Trauma on Activity of Single Neurons in the Ventral Cochlear Nucleus

Aberrant Temporal Discharge Patterns in Noise Damaged Guinea-Pig Cochleas

Modeling the Effects of Sensorineural Hearing Loss on Auditory Perception

Developmental Plasticity of Auditory Cortex in Cochlear Hearing Loss: Physiological and Psychophysical Findings

Binaural Click Lateralization: Evidence from Psychophysics and Brainstem Evoked Potentials in Normal Subjects and Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
684
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1992
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483161051

About the Editor

Y. Cazals

K. Horner

L. Demany