Atmospheric Water Vapor

Atmospheric Water Vapor

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editors: Adarsh Deepak, Thomas D. Wilkerson, Lothar H. Ruhnke
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273341

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Atmospheric Water Vapor contains the technical proceedings of the International Workshop on Atmospheric Water Vapor held in Vail, Colorado, on September 11-13, 1979. The papers assess the state-of-the-art in measurement, modeling, and application of atmospheric water vapor properties and highlight important problems that require further effort in order to better understand the atmosphere itself as well as the electromagnetic propagation through the atmosphere. Comprised of 39 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the optics and spectroscopy of water vapor. Some actual spectra showing the problems specific to the water molecule are described, along with the method used to calculate precise vibration-rotation energy levels and wave functions. Atmospheric infrared transmission measurements in maritime locations are also presented. Subsequent sections explore microwave and millimeter wave phenomena; geoastrophysical applications; and in situ measurements, remote sensing, and meteorology of water vapor. The final chapters deal with the microphysics and atmospheric chemistry of water vapor. This monograph will be of interest to scientists from universities, government agencies, research laboratories, and industry.

Table of Contents

  • Participants


    Optics and Spectroscopy of Water Vapor

    Calculation of Vibration-Rotation Energy Levels and Intensities for the Water Molecule

    Theoretical Line Shape for H2O Vapor: Application to the Continuum

    Continuum Absorption by H2O Vapor in the Infrared and Millimeter Regions

    The Water Vapor Continuum as Wings of Strong Absorption Lines

    Tunable Diode Laser Measurements of Water Vapor Continuum and Water Vapor Absorption Line Shape in the 10-μm Atmospheric Transmission Window Region

    A Review of Recent Atmospheric Infrared Transmission Measurements in Maritime Locations

    Observations of Anomalous Absorption in the Atmosphere

    Microwave and Millimeter Wave Phenomena

    Atmospheric Water Vapor: A Nemesis for Millimeter Wave Propagation

    The Effects of Atmospheric Refractivity on Microwave Propagation

    Ground-Based Measurements of Microwave Absorption by Tropospheric Water Vapor

    Measurements of Upper Atmospheric H2O Emission at 183 GHz

    Excess Absorption by Water Vapor and Comparison with Theoretical Dimer Absorption

    Laboratory Measurements of Absorption by Water Vapour in the Frequency Range 100 to 1000 GHz

    Geoastrophysical Applications

    Water Vapor—The Wet Blanket of Microwave Interferometry

    The Effect of Tropospheric Fluctuations on Spacecraft-Tracking Gravity Wave Experiments

    In Situ Measurements of Water Vapor

    In Situ and Overburden Measurement of Water Vapor—Infrared and Direct

    Measurement of Atmospheric Water Vapor by Cryogenic Collection

    On the Structure and Microstructure of Stratospheric Water Vapor

    Measurements of Stratospheric Water Vapor Using a Frost-Point Hygrometer

    Infrared Water Vapor Measurements from the Kuiper Airborne Observatory

    Remote Sensing of Water Vapor

    Passive Remote Sensing of the Water Vapor in the Troposphere and Its Meteorological Significance

    A Cryogenic Etalon Spectrometer for Passively Sounding Atmospheric H2O and Temperature

    Remote Radar Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor Fluctuations

    Acquisition of Atmospheric Water Vapor Profiles by a Solar Blind Raman Lidar

    The Effects of Water Vapor on the Propagation of Laser Beams through Artificial Fogs Undergoing Microphysical Processes

    On the Possibility of Measuring Atmospheric Water Vapor with an Airborne Laser Absorption Spectrometer

    An Airborne Water Vapor Lidar System

    Open Discussion

    Meteorology of Water Vapor

    Moisture Distribution Derived in Mathematical Models and Four-Dimensional Analysis

    The Treatment of Humidity in ECMWF's Data Assimilation Scheme

    Impact of Moisture on Regional-Scale Numerical Model Simulations

    Transport of Water Vapor through the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

    Quantitative Analysis of the 5.6 μm to 7.6 μm Water Vapor Measurements from the Geostationary Satellite METEOSAT

    Hemispheric Water Vapor Flux Variability—Streamfunction and Potential Fields

    Importance of Separate Clear and Cloudy Sky Water Vapor Profiles in Radiative-Convective Models

    Atmospheric Chemistry and Microphysics of Water Vapor

    The Role of Water Vapor in the Ion Chemistry of the Atmosphere

    Clustering of Water Vapor on Ions and Neutral Molecules

    Fundamental Studies on Vapor Phase Water Clusters

    The Formation of Atmospheric Aerosols Involving Water Vapor Molecules

    An Infrared Extinction Cell of Novel Design

    Panel Discussions


Product details

  • No. of pages: 212
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273341

About the Editors

Adarsh Deepak

Thomas D. Wilkerson

Lothar H. Ruhnke

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