Atmospheric Science - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780127329512, 9780080499536

Atmospheric Science

2nd Edition

An Introductory Survey

Authors: John Wallace Peter Hobbs
eBook ISBN: 9780080499536
Hardcover ISBN: 9780127329512
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st February 2006
Page Count: 504
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Description

Atmospheric Science, Second Edition, is the long-awaited update of the classic atmospheric science text, which helped define the field nearly 30 years ago and has served as the cornerstone for most university curricula. Now students and professionals alike can use this updated classic to understand atmospheric phenomena in the context of the latest discoveries, and prepare themselves for more advanced study and real-life problem solving.

This latest edition of Atmospheric Science, has been revamped in terms of content and appearance. It contains new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system, the atmospheric boundary layer, and climate, as well as enhanced treatment of atmospheric dynamics, radiative transfer, severe storms, and global warming. The authors illustrate concepts with full-color, state-of-the-art imagery and cover a vast amount of new information in the field. Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises help students apply basic physical principles to atmospheric problems. There are also biographical footnotes summarizing the work of key scientists, along with a student companion website that hosts climate data; answers to quantitative exercises; full solutions to selected exercises; skew-T log p chart; related links, appendices; and more. The instructor website features: instructor’s guide; solutions to quantitative exercises; electronic figures from the book; plus supplementary images for use in classroom presentations.

Meteorology students at both advanced undergraduate and graduate levels will find this book extremely useful.

Key Features

  • Full-color satellite imagery and cloud photographs illustrate principles throughout
  • Extensive numerical and qualitative exercises emphasize the application of basic physical principles to problems in the atmospheric sciences
  • Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and work of scientists mentioned in the text, and provide students with a sense of the long history of meteorology
  • Companion website encourages more advanced exploration of text topics: supplementary information, images, and bonus exercises

Readership

Meteorology students (advanced undergraduate and graduate levels)

Table of Contents

In Memory of Peter V. Hobbs 1936–2005)

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

1. Introduction and Overview

1.1 Scope of the Subject and Recent Highlights

1.2 Some Definitions and Terms of Reference

1.3 A Brief Survey of the Atmosphere

1.4 What’s Next?

2. The Earth System

2.1 Components of the Earth System

2.2 The Hydrologic Cycle

2.3 The Carbon Cycle

2.4 Oxygen in the Earth System

2.5 A Brief History of Climate and the Earth System

2.6 Earth: The Habitable Planet

3. Atmospheric Thermodynamics

3.1 Gas Laws

3.2 The Hydrostatic Equation

3.3 The First Law of Thermodynamics15

3.4 Adiabatic Processes

3.5 Water Vapor in Air

3.6 Static Stability

3.7 The Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy

4. Radiative Transfer

4.1 The Spectrum of Radiation

4.2 Quantitative Description of Radiation

4.3 Blackbody Radiation

4.4 Physics of Scattering and Absorption and Emission

4.5 Radiative Transfer in Planetary Atmospheres

4.6 Radiation Balance at the Top of the Atmosphere

Exercises

5. Atmospheric Chemistry

5.1 Composition of Tropospheric Air

5.2 Sources, Transport, and Sinks of Trace Gases

5.3 Some Important Tropospheric Trace Gases

5.4 Tropospheric Aerosols

5.5 Air Pollution

5.6 Tropospheric Chemical Cycles

5.7 Stratospheric Chemistry

6. Cloud Microphysics

6.1 Nucleation of Water Vapor Condensation

6.2 Microstructures of Warm Clouds

6.3 Cloud Liquid Water Content and Entrainment

6.4 Growth of Cloud Droplets in Warm Clouds

6.5 Microphysics of Cold Clouds

6.6 Artificial Modification of Clouds and Precipitation

6.7 Thunderstorm Electrification

6.8 Cloud and Precipitation Chemistry48

7. Atmospheric Dynamics

7.1 Kinematics of the Large-Scale Horizontal Flow

7.2 Dynamics of Horizontal Flow

7.3 Primitive Equations

7.4 The Atmospheric General Circulation

7.5 Numerical Weather Prediction

Exercises

8. Weather Systems

8.1 Extratropical Cyclones

8.2 Orographic Effects

8.3 Deep Convection

8.4 Tropical Cyclones

9. The Atmospheric Boundary Layer

9.1 Turbulence

9.2 The Surface Energy Balance

9.3 Vertical Structure

9.4 Evolution

9.5 Special Effects

9.6 The Boundary Layer in Context

Exercises

10. Climate Dynamics

10.1 The Present-Day Climate

10.2 Climate Variability

10.3 Climate Equilibria, Sensitivity, and Feedbacks

10.4 Greenhouse Warming22

10.5 Climate Monitoring and Prediction

Exercises

Constants and Conversions for Atmospheric Science

Universal Constants

Air

Water Substance

Earth and Sun

Units and Conversions

Abbreviations Used in Captions

Index

International Geophysics Series

Details

No. of pages:
504
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080499536
Hardcover ISBN:
9780127329512

About the Author

John Wallace

JOHN M. WALLACE was born in New York in 1940. He received his Bachelor's degree from Webb Institute of Naval Architecture and his PhD from MIT, where he worked closely with Professors Victor P. Starr and Reginald E. Newell. He has been a member of the faculty of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington since 1966. He has served terms as department chair, as Director of the Joint Institute of the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, and as Co-director of the University of Washington's Program on the Environment. His research interests include large scale atmospheric dynamics and climate variability and change. He regularly teaches an introductory graduate class in which this textbook is used.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Washington, Seattle, U.S.A.

Peter Hobbs

PETER V. HOBBS was born in London in 1936. He received his doctorate from Imperial College, University of London, where he worked in the research group headed by Sir B. John Mason. He joined the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington in 1963, and served as a faculty member there until his death in 2005. In his role as founder and director of the the Cloud and Aerosol Research Group(CARG) in the department, he acquired and maintained a series of instrumented research aircraft with which he and his staff and students made field measurements of clouds, frontal systems and effluents from fires, volcanoes and industrial sources in many different parts of the world. He was a prolific writer and a devoted instructor and mentor of students. In recognition of his research and teaching contributions he was named an Honorary Member of the American Meteorological Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Washington, Seattle, U.S.A.

Reviews

"Wallace and Hobbs...offer this excellent update of an outstanding introductory work. The organization of the book is very clear. Each chapter is well laid out with clear diagrams, good quality figures, and explanatory text. ...A first-class resource book. Summing Up: Highly recommended." -- CHOICE "In terms of both content and appearance, this title has been completely revamped from the first edition. It contains new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system, climate, and the atmospheric boundary layer, as well as enhanced treatment of atmospheric dynamics, weather forecasting, radiative transfer, severe storms, and human impacts, such as global warming. The authors illustrate concepts with colorful state-of-the-art imagery and cover a vast amount of new information in the field." --Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society "Wallace and Hobbs' classic text has been completely updated in content and appearance...Qualitative and numerical exercises are included to reinforce learning, and biographical footnotes summarize the work of key scientists and the history of meteorology. The exercises and lessons are accompanied by full-color illustrations, satellite images, and ground-based photos." --Weatherwise