Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128018835, 9780128018583

Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry

1st Edition

Authors: Eduardo Olaguer
eBook ISBN: 9780128018583
Paperback ISBN: 9780128018835
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 24th November 2016
Page Count: 170
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Description

Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry provides the most up-to-date scientific and technological methods available to quantify oil and gas industry emissions and atmospheric impacts in a manner that is relevant to the development of, compliance with, and enforcement of effective policy and regulations. The book offers a concise survey of these methods to facilitate the implementation of solutions that promote sustainable energy production.

Part I covers a technical and descriptive summary of air quality and global change issues relevant to the oil and gas industry, with Part II summarizing state-of-the-art methods pertaining to the analysis and solution of the problems identified in the earlier section. Examples of state-of-the-art methods covered include real-time monitoring with chemical ionization mass spectrometry, drone-mounted mini-lasers and gas cells, tomographic remote sensing, inverse modeling of emissions, 3D fluid, chemical, and transport models, and contemporary control technologies, such as flare minimization, oxidation catalysts, and vapor recovery.

In addition, field studies, policy-relevant modeling assessments, and regulatory decisions from multiple geographic regions are presented, providing readers best practices from real world applications.

Key Features

  • Addresses major environmental issues of concern as a result of the oil and gas industry
  • Reflects a balanced, objective view that is based on scientific principles
  • Provides a wide geographical perspective
  • Presents a rigorous and comprehensive scientific basis for crafting solutions to air quality problems created by the oil and gas industry

Readership

Atmospheric science: meteorologists, climatologists, atmospheric chemists, air quality scientists. Other physical sciences: environmental scientists, geophysicists, physical and analytical chemists, geographers. Engineering: chemical, civil, mechanical, and petroleum engineers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Introduction: Definition of the Problem
  • Part I: The Issues that Matter
    • Chapter 1. A Brief History of Oil and Gas Development From an Environmental Perspective
      • Abstract
      • The Rise of Unconventional Resources
      • Investigations of Environmental and Health Impacts
      • References
    • Chapter 2. Overview of Oil and Gas Processes and Their Emissions to Air
      • Abstract
      • Emission Source Categories
      • Exploration and Production
      • Gathering and Processing
      • Combustion
      • Storage and Transmission
      • Waste Disposal
      • Oil and Gas Supply Chains
      • References
    • Chapter 3. Toxic Air Pollution on Neighborhood Scales
      • Abstract
      • An Invisible Threat
      • The Measurement Dilemma
      • Alleged Health Effects of Oil and Gas Site Emissions
      • Reactive Chemicals and Mixtures
      • References
    • Chapter 4. Urban and Regional Ozone
      • Abstract
      • Atmospheric Ozone and the US National Ambient Air Quality Standard
      • Ozone Photochemistry
      • Factors Affecting Regional Ozone
      • Oil and Gas Development and Urban Ozone Nonattainment
      • The Cold Ozone Phenomenon
      • References
    • Chapter 5. Particulate Matter and Surface Deposition
      • Abstract
      • Particulate Matter Standards
      • Primary Particulates From Oil and Gas Activities
      • Secondary Aerosol
      • Particle Deposition and Ecosystem Impacts
      • References
    • Chapter 6. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Impacts
      • Abstract
      • The Physics of Climate Change
      • Global Warming Potential
      • Methane Leakage
      • CO2 from Global Gas Flaring
      • Tropospheric Ozone
      • References
  • Part II: Tools for Crafting Solutions
    • Chapter 7. Emission Inventories
      • Abstract
      • Importance of Emissions Quantification
      • Overview of Current Emissions Estimation Techniques
      • Leak Measurement During the Fort Worth Natural Gas Air Quality Study
      • Flare Emission Factors
      • A Storage Tank Emissions Model
      • Blowdown Emissions Estimated From the Displacement Equation
      • Extrapolation to the Basin Scale
      • Midstream Point Source Permits
      • References
    • Chapter 8. Ambient Air Monitoring and Remote Sensing
      • Abstract
      • Monitoring Application Types
      • Sampling Strategies
      • Advanced Measurement Technologies
      • References
    • Chapter 9. Data Assimilation and Inverse Modeling
      • Abstract
      • The Emergence of Data Assimilation
      • An Eulerian Forward and Adjoint Transport Model
      • Demonstration of the Adjoint Method in an Oil and Gas Application
      • Data Assimilation in a Gaussian Dispersion Model
      • References
    • Chapter 10. Photochemical Simulation
      • Abstract
      • Atmospheric Transformations
      • The HARC Chemical Mechanism
      • The HARC Chemical Solver
      • The HARC Chemical Adjoint
      • Inverse Modeling of Chemically Reactive Emissions
      • References
    • Chapter 11. MultiScale Impact Assessment
      • Abstract
      • The Problem of Multiple Scales
      • Ozone Attainment in San Antonio, Texas
      • A Micro-Scale Simulation of Air Quality in the EFS
      • Implications for SIP Modeling
      • References
    • Chapter 12. Emission Controls
      • Abstract
      • Overview of Mitigation Strategies
      • Benefits of Emissions Control
      • Updated NSPS
      • References
  • Epilogue: The Road Ahead
  • Appendix A. Conventional Air Quality Monitoring Stations
    • Types of Monitoring Stations
    • PAMS Measurement Techniques
    • References
  • Appendix B. Source Apportionment Techniques
    • The Nature of Source Apportionment
    • Receptor Models
    • Source-oriented Models
    • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
170
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780128018583
Paperback ISBN:
9780128018835

About the Author

Eduardo Olaguer

Eduardo P. Olaguer has a Ph.D. in Meteorology from MIT and over 25 years of environmental research experience related to energy and chemicals. He has built complex global and urban atmospheric models, developed advanced techniques for source attribution and remote sensing-based Computer Aided Tomography, and directed two air quality field campaigns (SHARP and BEE-TEX). Dr. Olaguer also served as an editor for peer-reviewed journals in atmospheric and environmental science and on various national and international research panels for industry and government. His current research includes measuring oil and gas industry emissions and modelling their atmospheric impacts using state-of-the-art approaches.

Affiliations and Expertise

Houston Advanced Research Center, The Woodlands, TX, USA

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