Atlas of Pain Injection Techniques

2nd Edition

Expert Consult: Online and Print


  • Therese O'Connor
  • Stephen Abram
  • Key Features

    • Find information quickly with a user-friendly, templated format that guides you through each nerve block in a consistent and easy-to-follow manner.
    • Rely on expert recommendations when considering local anesthetics, corticosteroids, and neurolytic agents.

    Table of Contents

    1. Mechanisms of pain transmission—an overview of anatomy and physiology
    2. Joint injections

    2.1 Lumbar facet joint injection
    2.1 Cervical facet joint injection
    2.3 Sacro-iliac joint injection
    3. Epidural blockade
    3.1 Lumbar epidural block
    3.2 Thoracic epidural block
    3.3 Cervical epidural block
    3.4 Caudal epidural block
    3.5 Long-term epidural catheter insertion
    4. Somatic nerve blockade
    4.1 Intercostal nerve block
    4.2 Interpleural block
    4.3 Lumbar nerve root block
    4.4 Thoracic nerve root block
    4.5 Sacral nerve root block
    4.6 Occipital nerve block
    4.7 Trigeminal ganglion (Gasserian) block
    5. Autonomic blockade
    5.1 Stellate ganglion block—C6 (classic) approach
    5.2 Stellate ganglion block—C7 approach
    5.3 Lumbar sympathetic block
    5.4 Celiac plexus block—retrocrural approach
    5.5 Celiac plexus block—anterocrural approach
    5.6 Splanchnic nerve block
    5.7 Hypogastric plexus block
    5.8 Ganglion impar block
    5.9 Intravenous regional sympathetic block—upper limb
    5.10 Intravenous regional sympathetic block—lower limb
    6. Muscle injection
    6.1 Trigger-point injection—neck
    6.2 Trigger-point injection—back
    6.3 Gluteus medius injection
    6.4 Piri formis injection
    7. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    Appendix 1 Suggested local anesthetics
    Appendix 2 Suggested corticosteroids
    Appendix 3 Suggested neurolytic agents
    Appendix 4 Recommended resuscitation drugs and equipment
    Appendix 5 Dermatomes


    No. of pages:
    © 2014
    Churchill Livingstone
    Print ISBN:
    Electronic ISBN:

    About the authors

    Therese O'Connor

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Consultant Anaesthetist, Pain Specialist, St. Joseph's Private Hospital, Longhanelton, Calry, Sligo, Ireland

    Stephen Abram

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI