Atlas of Material Damage

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9781895198485
eBook ISBN: 9781895198706
Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
Published Date: 22nd February 2012
Page Count: 400

Institutional Access


Material damage, corrosion and material failure are vast cost factors in the economy at large, effecting every area of engineering, from infrastructure to electronics.

George Wypych has created a unique reference guide to enable engineers to identify and analyze the different forms of material damage that can lead to material failure.

Material damage is caused by a range of agents: mechanical energy (e.g. vibration or sudden impacts), heat, radiation, biodegradation, etc. In this handbook these causes of damage are examined and the various ways of assessing and analyzing damage are explored. As usual with a ChemTec handbook, essential data and images are provided for a wide range of materials in common use across a wide range of different application areas, from civil engineering to medical devices.

The result is a highly practical reference work that will enable engineers and scientists to plan maintenance and replacement regimes, and to limit exposure to unacceptable risks.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Material composition, structure, and morphological features

2.1.1 Materials having predominantly homogeneous structure and composition

2.1.2 Heterogeneous materials

2.1.3 Crystalline forms and amorphous regions

2.1.4 Materials containing insoluble additives (e.g., fillers)

2.1.5 Materials containing immiscible phases (e.g., polymer alloys and blends)

2.1.6 Composites

2.1.7 Multi-component layered materials (laminates, coextruded materials, film sandwiches,

coated fabrics)

2.1.8 Material combinations obtained by jointing (joints, fasteners, inclusions)

2.1.9 Foams, porosity

2.1.10 Compressed solids (tablets, sintered materials)

2.1.11 Material surface versus bulk

3 Effect of processing on material structure

3.1 Temperature

3.2 Pressure

3.3 Time

3.4 Viscosity

3.5 Flow rate (shear rate)

3.6 Deformation

3.7 Orientation

3.8 Process related defects

4 Scale of damage – basic concept

4.1 Atomic (breaking interatomic bonds)

4.2 Microscale (micro-imperfections and their effect on damage initiation and growth)

4.3 Macroscale (material property determination, testing and control)

5 Microscopic mechanisms of damage caused by different degradants

5.1 Bulk (mechanical forces)

5.1.1 Elastic-brittle fracture

5.1.2 Elastic-plastic deformation

5.1.3 Time-related damage Fatigue (fretting) Creep Creep-fatigue Thermo-creep

5.1.4 Impact damage

5.1.5 Shear fracture

5.1.6 Compression set

5.1.7 Bending forces

5.1.8 Anisotropic damage

5.2 Electric forces

5.2.1 Tracking

5.2.2 Arcing

5.2.3 Cell deformation

5.2.4 Flooding and drying out (batteries)

5.2.5 Pin-holes

5.2.6 Cr


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ChemTec Publishing
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