Astrocytes Pt 1: Development, Morphology, and Regional Specialization of Astrocytes

Astrocytes Pt 1: Development, Morphology, and Regional Specialization of Astrocytes

1st Edition - January 5, 1987

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  • Editor: Sergey Fedorff
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152471

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Astrocytes: Development, Morphology, and Regional Specialization of Astrocytes, Volume 1 provides an overview of the development and diversity of astrocytes in the whole central nervous system and serves as a guide to the members of the astrocyte family. This volume discusses the phylogenetic and ontogenetic development, the origin, differentiation, and topographical distribution of astrocytes. The text deals mainly with astrocytes in the brains of birds and mammals because of the maximum diversity and specialization of glial cells found in these vertebrates. The book will be of great use to cellular biologists, developmental neurobiologists, pediatric neurologists, neurochemists, neurologists, and neuropathologists.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Phylogenetic Development of Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Outline of the Phylogenetic Relationships of Animals

    III. Morphological and Ultrastructural Features

    IV. Positional Relationships

    V. Functional Attributes

    VI. Conclusions


    Prenatal Ontogenesis of Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Development of Neural Tube

    III. Differentiation of Neural Tube

    IV. Development of Astrocytes in Situ

    V. Development of Astrocytes in Tissue Culture

    VI. Development of Raff's Type 1 and Type 2 Astrocytes

    VII. Conclusions


    Postnatal Ontogenesis of Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Ultrastructure of Developing Astrocytes

    III. Immunochemical Differentiation

    IV. Quantitative Aspects

    V. Development of Astrocyte-Related Cells

    VI. Conclusions


    Fibrous and Protoplasmic Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Postnatal Ontogenesis of Fibrous and Protoplasmic Astrocytes

    III. Morphology in Light Microscopy

    IV. Ultrastructure of Fibrous and Protoplasmic Astrocytes

    V. Conclusion


    Ependymal Tanycytes of the Ventricular System in Vertebrates

    I. Historical Background and General Location of Tanycytes

    II. Origin and Development

    III. Tanycytes of the Third Ventricle

    IV. Aqueductal and Fourth Ventricular Tanycytes

    V. Spinal Cord Tanycytes


    The Müller Cell

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology and Ultrastructure

    III. Development

    IV. Electrophysiology

    V. Pharmacology and Biochemistry



    I. Introduction

    II. Development of Pituicytes

    III. Morphology of Pituicytes

    IV. Spatial Relations to Neurosecretory Nerve Fibers and Perivascular Spaces

    V. In Vitro Studies of Pituicytes

    VI. Functional Aspects: Cytochemical and Immunocytochemical Results

    VII. Reactions of Pituicytes to Experimental Conditions

    VIII. Possible Role of Pituicytes during Neurosecretion: Concluding Statements and Questions


    Pineal Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Astrocytes in the Human Pineal Gland

    III. Astrocytes in the Pineal Gland of Lower Species

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Astrocytes in the Cerebral Cortex with Special Regard to Tissue Culture Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Development and Morphology of Astroglia in the Rat Cerebral Cortex

    III. Methods for Studying Properties of Astroglia from Cerebral Cortex

    IV. Seeding of Primary Cultures

    V. Morphological and Biochemical Characterization of Primary Cultures from the Cerebral Cortex

    VI. Aspects of Cell Differentiation in Culture

    VII. Functional Aspects of Astroglial-Like Cells from Cerebral Cortex

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    Cerebellar Astrocytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Adult Cerebellar Cortex

    III. Development of the Cerebellum

    IV. Use of Cultured Astrocytes as a Model for Astrocyte Differentiation and Function


    Astrocytic Diversity in the Optic Nerve: A Cytoarchitectural Study

    I. Introduction

    II. Development

    III. Specialized Features

    IV. The Cytoarchitecture of Astrocytes in the Optic Nerve


    Astrocytes in the Olfactory Bulb

    I. Introduction

    II. Glial Cell Types in the Olfactory Nerve Fiber Layer

    III. Relationship of Ensheathing Cells to Other Glial Cells

    IV. Implications of Hypothesis That Ensheathing Cell Is a Variant of Astrocyte

    V. Concluding Remarks


    Astrocytes and the Blood-Brain Barrier

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Specializations in Brain Endothelium

    III. Histochemical Specializations in Brain Endothelium

    IV. Do Astrocytes Play a Role in the Blood-Brain Barrier?

    V. Summary


    Cell Junctions of Astrocytes, Ependyma, and Related Cells in the Mammalian Central Nervous System, with Emphasis on the Hypothesis of a Generalized Functional Syncytium of Supporting Cells

    I. Classification of Neuroepithelial Progenies

    II. Relationships of Ependyma, Ependymoglia, and Astroglia

    III. Classification and Structure of Cell Junctions

    IV. Possible Functional Implications of Junctional Cooperativity

    V. Glial Cell Polarization

    VI. Other Data on Glial Junctions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 394
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: January 5, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152471

About the Editor

Sergey Fedorff

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