Asthma - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781483200392, 9781483225425

Asthma

2nd Edition

Authors: Frank Coke
eBook ISBN: 9781483225425
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1939
Page Count: 280
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Description

Asthma examines the factors involved in the causation of asthma and their mode of action. The value of treatment on bacteriological lines is fully emphasized. Methods of examination and treatment are described, and the physiology and pathology of the disease are discussed. A statistical survey of 3,000 cases is presented, and all cases of asthma are classified into one of three fundamental types: Type I, the allergic or protein-hypersensitive type; Type II, the infective group; and Type III, the aspirin-sensitive group.

Comprised of 19 chapters, this book begins with a detailed account of the intimate biophysical mechanism of sensitization, the phenomenona of anaphylaxis, and allergy. The reaction of the body to histamine and the hemoclasic crisis that occurs in the blood in anaphylaxis are also considered. The reader is then introduced to the definition of asthma as well as its anatomical and physiological aspects; etiological factors in asthma, including heredity; and signs and symptoms of a paroxysm of asthma. Subsequent chapters focus on several cases of asthma; treatment of acute paroxysm; treatment of all three types of asthma; and other complaints related to asthma.

This monograph will be of interest to practitioners and specialists dealing with allergic diseases.

Table of Contents


I.—Anaphylaxis, Allergy, and Sensitization

Anaphylaxis: Passive Anaphylaxis

The Anti-Anaphylaxis of Besredka

Allergy: Allergy and Immunity

Histamine

The Haemoclasic Crisis

II.—The Definition of Asthma : The Anatomical and Physiological Aspects

III.—Aetiological Factors : I. Heredity and Other Antecedents

The Influence of Heredity :

(1) Proof of Hereditary Influence

(2) Does the Hereditary Influence Follow any Particular Law of Heredity?

(3) How is the Influence Transmitted?

Sensitization by a Surfeit of Protein

Sensitization in Sucklings

Occupational Asthma

Predisposing Illnesses :

(1) Infectious Diseases

(2) The Injection of Sera and Vaccines

(3) Infections of the Respiratory Tract

(4) Other Sepsis

IV.—Aetiological Factors: II. The Aetiology of Asthma Tabulated

Contractions of the Bronchial Muscle :

(1) Stimulation of the Vagus Nerve

(2) Stimulation of the Bronchial Muscle Indirectly

(3) Stimulation of the Bronchial Muscle Directly

(4) As a Result of Bacterial Infection

(5) Endocrine Dysfunction

Swelling of the mucous membrane :

(1) Inflammatory

(2) Urticarial

Secretion into the Lumen of the Bronchial Tubes

(1) Inflammatory

(2) The Typical Asthmatical Sputum—Causes in Combination

V.—Aetiological Factors: III. Subsidiary Influences

Physical Fitness

Diet

Purgation Menstruation

Pregnancy

Coughing and Laughing

Cigarettes

Locality

Atmospheric Conditions

Bedclothes

Exercise

Psychological Causes

Habit

VI.—Signs and Symtoms of a Paroxysm of Asthma

The Prodromal Symptoms

The Commencement of the Attack

The Mechanical Effects of the Bronchial Obstruction

The Symptoms at the Height of the Attack

The Cough and the Passing of the Attack

Unusual Symptoms

General Symptoms

Convalescence

The Sputum : Eosinophil Cells

Clinical Types of Asthma and their Symptoms

VII.—Conditions Between the Attacks

General Build and Facies of the Asthmatic

Typical Asthmatic Deformities:

(1) In Infancy

(2) In Childhood

(3) In the Adult

VIII.—Pathology, Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Prophylaxis

IX.—Examination of a Case of Asthma

Sex and Age Incidence, and Sensitivity Data

Routine of Examination : Clinical History

Family History

Prenatal History

History of Foods

History of Animals

History of Treatment

X.—Examination of a Case of Asthma (Continued)

Dermal Reactions : Cat Asthma

Technique

The Scratch Method

The Intradermal Method

The Puncture Method

Reading the Results Obtained

Proteins Used for Testing

Protein Groups

Experience with Individual Proteins

House Dust

Animal Hairs

Feathers

Orris-Root

Foods

Other Proteins

Grass Pollens

The Moulds

Bacteria

Reactions in Normal Persons

Other Methods of Determining Sensitization :

The Mucous Membranes

The Method of Passive Transfer

The Patch Test

The Elimination Tests for Foods

The Leucopenic Index

Physical Factors

XI.—Examination of a Case of Asthma (Continued)

Bacteriology in Asthma :

(1) Primary Bacterial Infections

(2) Secondary Bacterial Infections

The Bacteriological Examination of a Case

Investigation of a Particular Focus

Technique

XII.—Examination of a Case of Asthma (Continued)

The Cytology and Biochemistry of the Blood

Blood Calcium

Blood-Sugar

Blood-Counts in Asthma

Blood-Pressure in Asthma

The Clotting Time

Clot-Retraction

Eosinophilia

The Colloidal Particles of the Blood

XIII.—Examination of a Case of Asthma (Continued)

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate—Differential Sedimentation Test

The Green Field

The Red Field

Type I Asthma

Type II Asthma

Type III Asthma

XIV.—Treatment of the Acute Paroxysm

Antispasmodic Treatment

(1) Adrenaline

(2) Pituitrin

(3) Atropine

(4) Morphia

(5) Oxygen

(6) Inhalation Therapy

(7) Chloroform

(8) Ether

(9) Avertin—Ancillary Measures

Diet

Purgatives

Counter-Irritants

Posture

Drugs

XV.—General Treatment Between the Attacks

Dietary

Late Meals

The Földes Diet—Exercise

Breathing Exercises—Drugs—Colonie lavage

XVI.—Treatment of the Allergic Type (Type I)

The Method of Avoidance of Proteins

Foods

Airborne Dusts and Animal Emanations

The Method of Specific Desensitization

Group Proteins

Desensitization by Means of Oral Administration

Methods of Non-Specific Desensitization

The Method of Dansyz

Tuberculin

Peptone

Autohæmotherapy

Autoserum Therapy

Other Non-Specific Desensitizing Agents

Shock Therapy

Colloidal Metals

Other Methods of Treatment

Histamine

Histaminase

Acetylcholine

Oriel's Proteose

Sodium and Magnesium Thiosulphate

Wide-field Radiation Therapy

Lipiodol

Sympathectomy

Insulin Shock

Hydrochloric Acid

Asthma Charts

XVII.—Treatment of the Infective Type ( Type II)

The Use of Vaccines

Specific Autogenous Vaccine Therapy

Site and Method of Administration

The Dilution of Vaccines

The Interval Between the Doses

Simultaneous Allergic Treatment

Dosage

Examples

Stock Vaccines

Local Specific Measures

Urinary Infections

Pelvic Infections

Abdominal Infections

Dental Infections

The Tonsils

Adenoids

The Nose and the Nasal Sinuses

Chronic Infections

Chemiotherapy and Antisera

XVIII.—Treatment of the Mixed and Aspirin-Sensitive Types (Type III)

Statistical

History of the Complaint

Physical Signs and Symptoms

Polypi

Treatment

XIX.— Other Complaints Allied to Asthma

Paroxysmal Rhinitis

Hay Fever

Urticaria and Angioneurotic œdema

Proteins from within

Proteins from without

Physical Allergy

Chemicals

Metabolic Causes

Microbic Causes

General Diseases

Eczema

Migraine

Cyclical Vomiting

Epilepsy

Angina Pectoris

'Allergic' Symptoms in Other Affections

Details

No. of pages:
280
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2039
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483225425

About the Author

Frank Coke