Aspects of Developmental and Comparative Immunology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080259222, 9781483189710

Aspects of Developmental and Comparative Immunology

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 1st Congress of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 27 July - 1 August 1980, Aberdeen

Editors: J. B. Solomon
eBook ISBN: 9781483189710
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 590
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Description

Aspects of Developmental and Comparative Immunology contains the proceedings of the 1st Congress of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, held from July 27 to August 1, 1980 in Aberdeen, Scotland. The papers explore various aspects of developmental and comparative immunology and cover topics ranging from the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and membrane immunoglobulins to idiotypes and diversity, comparative ontogeny, and evolution of lymphoid organ function.

Comprised of 105 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of how the host immune system utilizes polymorphic MHC antigens as the principal tool for pseudo-self versus true self distinction. The reader is then introduced to the immunology of earthworms, membrane immunoglobulins, idiotypes, and diversity. Subsequent chapters focus on the evolution of lymphoid organs in vertebrates; differentiation clocks in comparative immunology of mammals and birds; immunorecognition in invertebrates such as insects and gastropods; and the phylogeny of leucocytes in vertebrates and invertebrates. The remaining sections deal with stem cells, immune responses of gut-associated lymphoepithelial tissue, and the ontogeny of resistance to infection as well as the ontogeny of killer cells. Finally, the immunology of fish, amphibians, reptiles, chickens, and mammals is examined.

This monograph will be of interest to immunobiologists.

Table of Contents


Plenary Sessions

MHC

Promethean Foresight of the Immune System and MHC Antigen Polymorphism

Immunology of Earthworms

Some Functions of Lumbricus Leucocytes in Protection Mechanisms

Induction of Earthworm-Anti-Erythrocyte Agglutinins

Evidence of a MLR-Like Reaction in an Invertebrate, the Earthworm Eisenia Fetida

Membrane Immunoglobulins, Idiotypes & Diversity

Membrane Immunoglobulins of Teleost Fish Lymphocytes

Idiotypes and Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies in Fish

Clonal Heterogeneity of Antibodies in the Newborn Mouse - An Approach to the Problem of the Generation of Diversity

Evolution of Lymphoid Organ Function

Impact of Anuran Amphibians

The Evolution of Vertebrate Lymphoid Organs

Localisation of Antigens and Immune Complexes in the Spleen of Mammals Compared with the Lower Vertebrates

Plenary Lecture

Comparative Ontogeny

Differentiation Clocks in Comparative Immunology of Mammals and Birds

Symposia

Immunorecognition in Invertebrates

Recognition of Foreignness in the Internal Defence System of the Freshwater Gastropod Lymnaea Stagnalis

Immune Recognition Mechanisms in Two Insect Species

Studies on Recognition of Foreignness in Insects Utilizing Integumental Transplants

Phylogeny of Leucocytes in Invertebrates and Vertebrates

Humoral Factors in Molluscan Parasite Immunity

Phagocytic Cells in Molluscs

Helix Pomatia: Recognition and Clearance of Bacteria and Foreign Cells in an Invertebrate

A Selective Response by the Coelomocytes of the Lugworm, Arenicola Marina (L.), towards Mixtures of Gram +VE and Gram -VE Bacteria

A Comparison of the Immune Response of the Waxmoth, Galleria Mellonella to Pathogenic and Non-Pathogenic Bacteria

Crustacean Internal Defence Mechanisms: Clearance and Distribution of Injected Bacteria by the Shore Crab Carcinus Maenas (L.)

In Vitro Effect of Mitogens on Starfish Axial Organ Cells. Evidence of Lymphokine-Like Substances

Immunoregulation by Phagocytic Cells in the Common American Newt, Notophthalmus Viridescens

A Primitive Dendritic Splenocyte in Xenopus Laevis with Morphological Similarities to Reed-Sternberg Cells

Phagocytes of the Snake, Spalerosophis Diadema

Stem Cells

Evolutionary Modifications of Nephrogenic Mesoderm to Establish the Embryonic Centers of Hemopoiesis

Origin and History of Definitive Hemopoietic Stem Cells in the Avian Embryo

Prebursal and Prethymic Stem Cells in the Chicken Embryo: Functional Studies

Thymus-Bursa Relationship in the Developing Chick Embryo

Maintenance of the Haemopoietic Stem Cell Population

Immune Responses of Gut-Associated Lymphoepithelial Tissue

Symposium Chairman's Introduction

The Gut-Associated Lymphoepithelial Tissue (GALT) of Lizards and Snakes

Some Aspects of B Cell Maturation in the Chicken

The Role of the Bursa of Fabricius in Localized Immunity and as a Modulator of Systemic Immune Responses

Development of IgA Responses in Germfree Piglets after Local Stimulation of GUT-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (GALT)

Peyer's Patches as a Bursal Equivalent: A New Look at Some Old Arguments

Range of Function of GUT-Associated Lymphoepithelial Tissue

Ontogeny of Resistance to Infection

Immunosuppressive Effect of an Australian Strain of Bursal Disease Virus

Onset of Resistance to Pathogenic Strains of Campylobacter Fetus Subspecies Jejuni in the Chicken Embryo

Development of Resistance to Invading Candida Albicans in the Chicken Embryo

Ontogeny of Macrophage Activation Measured by Decreased 5'-Nucleotidase Activity During Plasmodium Berghei Infection of Rats

Ontogeny of Superoxide Anion Release by Macrophages in Normal and Plasmodium Berghei-Infected Rats

Ontogeny of Killer Cells Measured by Antibody Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity in Normal and Plasmodium Berghei-Infected Rats

Macrophage Activation Measured by Decreased 5'-Nucleotidase Activity in Newborn and Adult Guinea Pigs Infected with Tuberculosis

Maternal/Foetal Relationships

In Vitro Study of Maternal Serum Factors Partially Responsible for the Inhibition of the Immune Cytotoxic Reaction of the Mother Towards its Larvae in Salamandra Salamandra L.

Cell Activity in the Maternal Spleen During Mouse Pregnancy

Transfer of 125 I-Insulin in Immunised Pregnant Guinea Pigs

Insulin Antibodies in Diabetic Pregnancies

Biochemical Characterization of Human Trophoblast Cell Membrane Proteins

Transferrin Receptors of Human Plancental, Tumour and Transformed Cells

Immunobiological Activities of Human Trophoblast Cell Membrane Glycoproteins

The Influence of Maternal Immune Reactivity on Idiotype Expression by Progeny

T Suppressors and Immunological Tolerance

Immunoregulation: Helper and Suppressor Functions in the Immune Response to Sheep Erythrocytes in the Lizard

Role of Suppressor T-cells and Tolerant Serum in Low Zone Tolerance to Sheep Erythrocytes in Lizards

Effects of Thymectomy During Early Development of Xenopus Laevis

Transplantation Tolerance in Amphibian Development

Ontogeny of Suppressor Cells in the Mouse and their Relation to Potential Immune Reactivity in the Fetal Liver

Suppression of a Response to Modified Self Cells by Mouse Fetal Liver Cells

Suppressor T Cells and Tolerance to MHC Antigens

The Development of T-cell Function Studied Using Neonatally Thymectomized Reconstituted or Infant Thymus Irradiated Mice

Grouped Papers

Ontogeny of Killer Cells

Ontogeny of Antibody-Dependent Cell Mediated Cytotoxicity in Normal and Tumor Bearing C3H Mice

Ontogenic Development of Lymphoid Cells with T Characteristics

Regulation of Antibody Affinity in the Mouse: Age-Related Cellular Aspects

Fish Immunology

Cell Surface Receptors and Immune Mechanisms in an Elasmobranch Fish Scyliorhinus Canicula

Antigen-Trapping in the Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

Ontogeny of Lymphoid Organ Function in Fish

Development of the Immune System in Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

A Comparison of the Immune Response of the Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta) to a Protein and a Carbohydrate Antigen

Antigenic Competition in Teleosts

Temperature Dependence of Humoral Immunity in Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

Seasonal Modulation Antibody Formation in Rainbow Trout (Salmo Gairdneri)

The 6-Component Complement System of the Nurse Shark (Ginglymostoma Cirratum)

Properdin-Like Pathway in the Serum of the Lamprey (Lampetra Japonica)

Amphibian Immunology

Ultrastructure of the Jugular Body of Rana Pipiens

Ontogeny of Mitogen Responsiveness in Thymus and Spleen of Xenopus Laevis

Antibody Production in Thymectomized Xenopus

Comparison of the Proliferative Activity of Lymphoid Spleen Cells and the Antibody Response in Rana Esculenta Kept in 22 and 4°C

Skin Allograft and Xenograft Responses in NMU-Treated Xenopus Laevis

Restoration of Allograft Responses in NMU-Treated Xenopus Laevis by Protected Thymus Autografts

Evolution of the Vertebrate Complement System and Immune Adherence Reaction

Effect of Early Thymectomy on Development of Renal Tumors in Lucké Tumor Herpesvirus-Infected Leopard Frogs

Leucocyte Migration Inhibition in Rana Temporaria Following Challenge with Thymus-Dependent Antigens

Reptile Immunology

Lymphocyte Structural Heterogeneity in the Lizard Chalcides Ocellatus

Effect of Seasonal Changes on Humoral Immune Responses of the Lizard Chalcides Ocellatus

Role of the Thymus and Spleen in Immune Responses of the Lizard Chalcides Ocellatus

Surface Markers of Lymphocytes of the Snake, Spalerosophis Diadema II - Distribution of Snake Lymphocyte Subpopulations in Different Seasons

Chicken Immunology

B Cell Ontogeny in the Chicken: Role of Histocompatability Restriction and of T Cells

Regulation of B-Cell Differentation by Antigenic Stimuli Across Bursal Epithelium in Neonatal Chicken

The Development of Endocytotic Ability in the Follicle-Associated Epithelium of the Bursa of Fabricius

Thymus-Bursa-Hypophysis Interactions in the Developing Chick Embryo

Effects of Thymectomy on Erythropoiesis in the Chick Embryo

The Ontogeny of Immune Responsiveness to Sheep Erythrocytes in Young Pigeons

Functional and Antigenic Analysis of the Bursal and Thymic Microenvironments

Immunochemical Characterization of Lymphocyte Surface Antigens in the Chicken

Studies on the Complement Receptor of Chicken Spleen Cells

Ontogenic Development of Cytotoxic and Suppressor Cells in Obese Strain (OS) Chickens with Spontaneous Thyroiditis

Mammalian Immunology

Development of T Cell Allo-Receptor Repertoire in Thymic Environment Expressing Different MHC Coded Antigens

Comparative Analysis of the B-cell Repertoire Ontogeny in Parental and F1 Mice

The Influence of Xenogeneic Thymic Stromal Cultures on the Functional Maturation of Mouse Thymocytes

The Thymus as a Vehicle for Lymphoid Differentiation: The Status of Thymus Epithelial Cultures and T-cell Differentiation

Development of Cell-Mediated Lympholysis (CML) in the Human Foetus

Nonspecific Esterase Activity in Adult and Cord Blood Lymphocytes

Index

Details

No. of pages:
590
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483189710

About the Editor

J. B. Solomon