Aspects of Cell Regulation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123643766, 9781483266664

Aspects of Cell Regulation

1st Edition

Editors: G. H. Bourne J. F. Danielli
eBook ISBN: 9781483266664
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1983
Page Count: 298
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Description

Aspects of Cell Regulation deals with the various aspects of cellular control mechanisms.
The book begins with a discussion of the role of hormones in the control of cell differentiation and biochemical control over the life of an organism. This is followed by separate chapters on an intracellular control problem, namely, the proper reproduction of cellular organelles and their apportionment between daughter cells at cell mitosis; cell mutants with different temporal order for macromolecular synthesis; and the control of a plant enzyme that converts triglycerides into carbohydrate during the early stages of postgerminative growth within seed cotyledon.
Subsequent chapters deal with the possible role of mitochondria in changing the control mechanism of cells to that associated with carcinogenesis; the possibility of transforming genes being detectable in the genome after the transformation to neoplastic cell; the correlation between viruses and tumor cells; and whether viruses can originate from cells rather than coming before cells.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Supplements in Series

Cellular Factors Which Modulate Hormone Responses: Glucocorticoid Action in Perspective

I. Introduction

II. Cell Entry

III. Steroid-Receptor Interaction

IV. Receptor Activation and Nuclear Translocation

V. Nuclear Binding Sites of the Steroid-Receptor Complex

VI. Mechanism of Gene Activation

VII. Summary

References

Regulation of Genetic Activity by Thyroid Hormones

I. Introduction

II. Thyroid Hormones Participate in Cell Differentiation via Regulation of Nucleic Acid and Protein Syntheses

III. Binding of Thyroid Hormones to the Nuclear Receptor

IV. Binding of Thyroid Hormones to the Cytoplasmic Receptor

V. Binding of Thyroid Hormones to Other Intracellular Components

VI. Major Working Hypothesis on the Mechanisms of Genetic Activity Regulation by Thyroid Hormones

VII. Properties of the Thyroxine Cytoplasmic Receptor

VIII. The Role of the Thyroxine Cytoplasmic Receptor in Translocation of the Hormone from the Nucleus and Acceptance by Chromatin

IX. The Cytoplasmic Receptor as Mediator for the Action of Thyroid Hormones in the Nucleus

X. Interaction of the Hormone-Receptor Complex with DNA

XI. The TBPA-like Cytosol Receptor is a Universal Intracellular Receptor of Thyroid Hormones

References

The Partitioning of Cytoplasmic Organelles at Cell Division

I. Introduction

II. A Note on Terminology: Segregation and Partitioning

III. Numerical Partitioning of Organelles

IV. Compensating Replication

V. Numerical Partitioning of Organelle DNA

VI. Genetic Partitioning of Organelles

VII. Summary

References

Cell Cycle Mutants

I. Introduction

II. Cell Cycle Concept

III. Cell Cycle Mutants

IV. Future Considerations

V. Conclusions

References

Formation of Glyoxysomes

I. Introduction

II. Characterization of Glyoxysomes

III. Origin of Glyoxysomal Components

IV. General Conclusions

References

Mitochondria, Cell Surface, and Carcinogenesis

I. Introduction

II. The Mitochondrial System

III. Tumor Mitochondria

IV. Antimitochondrial Activity of Carcinogens

V. Mitochondria and Cell Surface Characteristics

VI. Mitochondria and Intracellular Systems

VII. Mechanism of Mitochondrial Control

VIII. Conclusions and Prospects

References

Transforming Genes of Tumor Cells

I. Demonstration of Altered DNA in Nonvirally Transformed Cells

II. Transforming DNA of Tumors Induced by Slowly Oncogenic Viruses

III. The Discrete Nature of These Transforming Sequences

IV. The Discovery of Tissue-Specific Oncogenes

V. Isolation of Active Oncogenes

VI. The Relationship of These Tumors to Other Known Oncogenes

VII. Additional Roles of one Genes

VIII. Perspectives

References

Viral Carcinogenesis

I. Introduction

II. Oncogenic DNA Viruses

III. Retroviruses

References

The Origin of Viruses from Cells

I. Introduction

II. Historical

III. Mechanisms for Change in Viruses

IV. The Evolutionary Age of Viruses

V. The Kinds of Cells

VI. The Kinds of Viruses

VII. Chlamydiae and Viruses Compared

VIII. Would a Cell → Virus Transition Be Possible?

IX. Origin of Viruses from Cellular Genetic Elements

X. Conclusions

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
298
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483266664

About the Editor

G. H. Bourne

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Anatomy, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

J. F. Danielli

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biochemical Pharmacology,School of Pharmacy,State University of New York at Buffalo,Buffalo, New York