Archaeology of Urban America - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122149801, 9781483299334

Archaeology of Urban America

1st Edition

The Search for Pattern and Process

Editors: Roy S. Dickens
eBook ISBN: 9781483299334
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 1982
Page Count: 468
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Description

Archaeology of Urban America: The Search for Pattern and Process is composed of three parts, namely, Strategies and Methods; Site Formation, Structure, and Pattern; and Artifact Analysis and Interpretation. The Strategies and Methods section centers on the general questions asked by urban archaeologists, as well as on the ways they design their research to elucidate those questions. The Site Formation, Structure, and Pattern section is generally comprised of chapters classified as ""test cases"" emphasizing the approaches, interpretation, and even direct extension of larger research designs. Lastly, the Artifact Analysis and Interpretation section deals with intersite and intrasite patterning of artifact assemblages, as well as with specific class of artifacts. This material will help stimulate a dialogue among archaeologists who have chosen the American city as their subject. This book will also be useful to urban sociologists, economists, cultural anthropologists, and historians.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgment

I Strategies and Methods

1 Method in Urban Archaeology: The Stadt Huys Block

Introduction

Characteristics of Urban Areas

Stadt Huys Block

Attributes of Urban Areas

Urban Measures

Summary and Conclusions

References

2 An Approach to Archaeology of the City: The Roger Williams National Memorial Project

Introduction

The Research Laboratory

Research Strategies

Summary

References

3 The City-Site Approach to Urban Archaeology

Introduction

Goals and Questions

Project Design

Research Frameworks

Research Strategy

Conclusions

References

4 Archaeological Implications of a Manufacturing Industry in Eighteenth-Century American Cities

The Study of Industry in Eighteenth-Century Cities

The Correlation Approach to Urban Industrial Archaeology

A Sample of Eighteenth-Century Glass Factories

Derivation and Comparison of Glass Factory Profiles

Technological Operations of the Glass Factories

Cluster Analysis of Factory Profiles

References

5 Environmental-Impact Archaeology in the Urban Setting: A View from Atlanta

Introduction

The Legal Base

The Urban Archaeological Resource

Research Model for the MARTA Project

Review and Compliance Procedures

A Suggested Plan for Urban Environmental-Impact Archaeology

Conclusions and Addendum

References

II Site Formation, Structure, and Pattern

6 Urban Land Use and Artifact Deposition: An Archaeological Study of Change in Providence, Rhode Island

Introduction

The Case Study and Its History

Architectural Analysis of Land Use

Analysis of Artifact Deposition

Summary and Conclusions

References

7 The Core-Periphery Relationship and the Archaeological Record in Alexandria, Virginia

Introduction

Core-Periphery Model

The Core-Periphery Relationship in Alexandria

Artifact Patterns in Alexandria's Core and Periphery

Conclusions

References

8 Bioarchaeology in the Urban Context

Introduction

Bioarchaeology

Oakland Cemetery

The Study Tract

Forensic Anthropology

Conclusions

References

9 The Weaver Pottery: A Late Nineteenth-Century Family Industry in a Southeastern Urban Setting

Introduction

Features

History of the Weaver Site: 110 Years of Industrial Activity

Conclusions

References

10 Industrial Site-Building: Implications from the 1978-1979 Investigations at the Rogers Locomotive Works, Paterson, New Jersey

Introduction

The 1978-1979 Project

Investigative Planning and Theoretical Issues

Conclusions

References

III Artifact Analysis and Interpretation

11 Analyzing Class Bottles for Chronology, Function, and Trade Networks

Introduction

Glass Technology and Dating

Bottle Function

Trade Networks

References

12 An Examination of Manufacture-Deposition Lag for Glass Bottles from Late Historic Sites

Introduction

Dating

Manufacture-Deposition Lag

Interpretations

Conclusions

References

13 Classification and Interpretation of Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Ceramics

Introduction

Classification

Interpretative Directions

Preliminary Results

Conclusions

References

14 Material Culture, Social Structure, and Changing Cultural Values: The Ceramics of Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Middletown, Connecticut

Introduction

References

15 Patterns in Urban Food Ways: An Example from Early Twentieth-Century Atlanta

Introduction

Edgewood Site (9Da89)

Hypotheses

Faunal Data

Ethnographic Data

Analysis

Interpretations

Conclusions

Appendix A

References

16 The Milwaukee Garbage Project: Archaeology of Household Solid Wastes

Archaeology and Modern Milwaukee Garbage

Milwaukee Garbage Project Methods

Income and Solid Waste Background Studies

Milwaukee Total Pickup Weights

Milwaukee Weight Sorts—Detailed View

Multivariate Weight Sort Analyses

Weight Sort Analysis Summary

The Poor and Solid Wastes: Two Possible Factors

Milwaukee Regular Sorts—Products, Categories, and Pickup Weights

Regular Sort Analyses—Summary

Conclusions

References

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
468
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483299334

About the Editor

Roy S. Dickens