Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley

Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley

1st Edition - October 13, 1987

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  • Authors: Dan F. Morse, Phyllis A. Morse
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260969

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Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley describes an archeological reconstruction of the preceding 11,000 years of an extraordinarily rich environment centered within the largest river system north of the Amazon. This book focuses on the lowlands of the Mississippi Valley from just north of the Ohio River to the mouth of the Arkansas River. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the territory between the Ohio and Arkansas rivers. This text then attempts to humanize the archeological interpretations by reference to social organization, settlement system, economy, religion, and politics. Other chapters focus on understanding the nature of change through time in the Central Mississippi Valley. This book discusses as well the difference between an old braided stream surface and the younger meander belt system. The final chapter deals with the investigation of prehistoric Indian remains. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists, zoologists, and scientific hobbyists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    1 The River

    Gross Divisions

    Geological History

    The Reconstructed River Habitat


    2 The Archaeology

    History of Archaeological Investigations

    Factors AffectIng Scientific Archaeology in the Central Valley

    Recovery Techniques

    Data Interpretation and Incorporation

    Archaeological Sequence


    3 Paleo-lndian Beginnings (9500-8500 B.C.)

    Pleistocene Fauna in the Central Valley

    Fluted Points

    Other Possible Early Lanceolate PoInts

    Man and Mastodon

    Cultural Reconstruction


    4 Dalton Efflorescence (8500-7500 B.C.)

    The Dalton Tool Kit



    5 The Hypsithermal Archaic Disruption (7000-3000 B.C.)

    The Hypsithermal Period

    Temporal Control of Point Horizon Styles

    Comments on the Hypsithermal Archaic


    6 Archaic Expansion (3000-500 B.C.)


    Types of Sites

    The Development of Tribal Society


    7 Woodland Beginnings (500 B.C-0)

    Pottery Manufacture

    Environmental Setting

    The Mccarty Site


    8 The Hopewellian Period (0-A.D. 400)

    Trade and Ritual in Hopewell

    The PInson Mounds

    The Helena Mounds

    Marksville Period Villages


    9 Woodland Conflict (A.D. 400-700)

    The Dunlin Phase

    The Hoecake Phase

    The Baytown Phase


    10 Mississippian Frontier (A.D. 700-1000)

    Origin of Mississippi

    Environmental Adaptation

    Outside Resources

    Revolution in Ceramics

    Other Important New Artifact Types

    Sociopolitical Changes

    The American Bottom

    The Cairo Lowland

    The Zebree Site


    11 Mississippian Consolidation (A.D. 1000-1350)

    Transition From Early to Middle Period Mississippi

    The Cherry Valley Phase

    After Cherry Valley

    Powers Phase

    The Cairo Lowland Phase



    12 Mississippian Nucleation (A.D. 1350-1650)

    Horizon Markers

    Population Nucleation

    The Nodena Phase

    The Parkin Phase

    The Walls Phase

    The Kent and Old Town Phases

    The Greenbrier Phase

    The Quapaw Phase



    13 Epilogue: Historic Archaeology

    The Protohistoric-Spanish Period (A.D. 1500-1650)

    The French in the Mississippi Valley

    Eighteenth-Century Disruption

    The Jefferson Purchase and the NIneteenth Century

    Who Made King Crowley?



Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: October 13, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260969

About the Authors

Dan F. Morse

Phyllis A. Morse

About the Editor

James Bennett Griffin

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