Archaeology of Frontiers & Boundaries

Archaeology of Frontiers & Boundaries

1st Edition - March 28, 1985

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  • Author: J ROBINSON
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483294391

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Description

Archaeology of Frontiers and Boundaries presents a diverse set of case studies that addresses the basic questions concerning social change through the study of anthropological archaeology. This book discusses the methodological difficulties of modeling open systems. Organized into three parts encompassing 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the partial solution to assess the openness of human systems through the study of frontiers and boundaries. This text then presents a theoretical treatise on forager–farmer interaction using simulation experiments. Other chapters consider the hunter–gatherer settlement patterns as a response to local resource conditions. This book discusses as well the systemic views of cultural change adopted by archaeologists, which emphasize the processes underlying cultural change rather than the structure of the social units undergoing transformations. The final chapter deals with the relationship between behavior and modern material culture on the one hand, and variables of socioeconomic class and ethnicity on the other. This book is a valuable resource for archaeologists and anthropologists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I. An Approach to the Archaeological Study of Frontiers and Boundaries

    1. Frontiers, Boundaries, and Open Social Systems

    Introduction

    Pattern and Process in Archaeology

    Open Social Systems

    Frontiers and Boundaries as Foci for Open System Research

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    2. Closed Models of Open Systems: Boundary Considerations

    Social Systems and Their Models

    Boundary Models and System Change

    Model Boundaries of Stable Systems

    Testing

    Notes

    References

    Part II. Foragers, Pastoralists, and Subsistence Farmers

    3. Group Size and Mobility Costs

    Introduction

    Mobility Costs

    The Hunter—Gatherer Group Size Curves and Open Systems

    Mobility Costs and Hunter-Gatherer Ethnography

    Group Sizes in Stable and Changing Environments and Their Archaeological Implications

    Changing Archaic Population Distributions from South Carolina to Massachusetts

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    4. Cultural Boundaries and Ecological Frontiers in Coastal Regions: An Example from the Alaska Peninsula

    Introduction

    The Aleut/Eskimo Boundary

    Aleut/Eskimo Origins

    Later Archaeological Sequences on the Upper Alaska Peninsula

    Archaeological Materials of the Lower Alaska Peninsula

    Ethnohistory

    Modeling the Northern Peninsula

    Discussion

    Conclusion

    Notes

    References

    5. Forager/Farmer Interactions: Information, Social Organization, and the Frontier

    Introduction

    Information and the Frontier

    Simulation Experiments

    Discussion

    Conclusion

    References

    6. The Hunter-Gatherer/Agricultural Frontier in Prehistoric Temperate Europe

    Introduction

    Early Farmers and Colonization

    The Hunter-Gatherer Populations

    Mobile Frontiers

    Static Frontiers

    Discussion

    References

    7. Boundaries as Strategies: An Ethnoarchaeological Study

    Introduction

    The Baringo District

    The Functions and Associations of Decorated Calabashes

    The Significance and Interpretation of Calabash Decoration

    Boundaries Between Regional Social Units

    References

    Part III. Complex Society

    8. Surplus Flow Between Frontiers and Homelands

    Introduction

    Descriptive Models of Frontier Settlement

    Behavioral Relations in Frontiers

    Frontier Change in Historical New England

    Conclusions

    References

    9. Evolution on the Industrial Frontier

    Introduction

    The Development of Ecosystems on the Industrial Frontier

    Processes of Ecosystem Differentiation on the Industrial Frontier

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    10. Urban Hinterlands as Frontiers of Colonization

    Introduction

    The Study Area

    Methods of Analysis

    Population and Settlement Processes

    Land-Use Patterns and Forest Clearance

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    11. Functional Variation among Settlements on the South Carolina Frontier: An Archaeological Perspective

    Introduction

    The Insular Frontier Model

    South Carolina's Development in Historical Perspective

    An Archaeological View of Settlement

    Conclusions

    Note

    References

    12. The Arctic Frontier of Norse Greenland

    Introduction

    Local Greenlandic Settlement and Subsistence

    Local Greenlandic Political Organization

    The Importance of Transatlantic Trade

    Documentary Evidence for the Nordrsetur

    Locating Nordrsetur Place Names

    Locating Nordrsetur Resources: Biogeographical Evidence

    Locational Evidence for the Nordrsetur Hunt

    Zooarchaeological Evidence

    Artifactual Evidence

    An Organizational Model for the Nordrsetur

    Hunting Techniques

    Constraints of Cargo Capacity and Demand

    Constraints of Time and Labor

    Constraints of Hazard

    Labor Mobilization

    Local Elites and the European Core

    Culture Contact and the Nordrsetur

    Decline of Transatlantic Trade

    References

    13. Baptists and Boundaries: Lessons from Baptist Material Culture

    Introduction

    Congregational Diversity and Autonomy

    Research Methodology

    Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: March 28, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483294391

About the Author

J ROBINSON

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