Archaeological Hammers and Theories

Archaeological Hammers and Theories

1st Edition - February 28, 1983

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  • Editors: James A. Moore, Arthur S. Keene
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277639

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Description

Studies in Archaeology: Archaeological Hammers and Theories provides information pertinent to the archeological method, with emphasis on the interaction of data and technique with theory and problems. This book describes the nature of archeological data, the range of archeological theories, and the scope of archeological problems. Organized into three parts encompassing 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the products of the archeological record. This text then examines survey sampling, site formation studies, and lithic and ceramic analysis. Other chapters consider the behavioral concepts that are implicit in the notions of special behavior, optimization, decision making, and population dynamics. This book discusses as well the analysis of pottery, which plays a leading part in the reconstruction of culture histories in archeology. The final chapter suggests an alternative set of philosophical issues that might serve to focus a philosophy or archeology. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I Introduction

    1. Archaeology and the Law of the Hammer

    The Law of the Hammer

    The Tyranny of Methodology

    Prospectus

    Objectives

    Moving beyond Rhetoric

    References

    Part II The Products of the Archaeological Record

    2. The Archaeological Record as Preserved Death Assemblage

    Foundations

    Extensions

    Prognosis

    References

    3. We Can't See the Forest for the Trees: Sampling and the Shapes of Archaeological Distributions

    The Scientific Task

    The Evolution of the Methodological State of the Art

    The Finer Points of Archaeological Practice

    The Shape of Archaeological Distributions in Massachusetts

    Concluding Suggestion

    References

    4. Twigs, Branches, Trees, and Forests: Problems of Scale in Lithic Analysis

    The Individual in Prehistory

    Alternative Directions for Lithic Studies

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    5. Pots As Tools

    Background

    Applications

    Conclusions

    References

    Part III The Precedents of the Archaeological Record

    6. Biology, Behavior, and Borrowing: A Critical Examination of Optimal Foraging Theory in Archaeology

    Background

    A Brief Introduction to Optimal Foraging Theory

    The Problem of Literal Borrowing

    Optimal Foraging Theory in Perspective

    The Methodology of Mouthtalk

    References

    7. Optimization Models in Context

    Optimization Models: Definition and Applications

    Optimization as a Model of Decision Making

    Optimization as a Predictor of Behavior

    Optimization as a Baseline for the Explanation of Behavior

    Future Work

    References

    8. The Trouble with Know-It-AI Is: Information as a Social and Ecological Resource

    The Archaeological Challenge

    Decision-Making Models

    The Limits of Individual Decision Makers

    The Acquisition of Information

    Information Fields in Archaeology

    Social Asymmetry and the Exchange of Information

    The Validation of Information

    Conclusions

    References

    9. Information Exchange and the Spatial Configurations of Egalitarian Societies

    Introduction

    The Settlement Approach

    Social Relations of Production: An Axis of Variability

    Social Relations of Production in Egalitarian Societies

    Archaeological Implications

    Conclusions

    References

    10. The Ecological Perspective in Highland Mesoamerican Archaeology

    Introduction

    Population Determinism

    The Discovery of Anomalies

    New Approaches

    Conclusion

    References

    11. Expanding the Scope of Settlement Analysis

    Settlement Systems and the Rank-Size Rule

    Biasing Problems, Boundary Problems, and Stratification

    Conclusions

    References

    12. The Social Representation of Space: Dimensioning the Cosmological and the Quotidian

    The Human and the Social Quality of a Concept of Meaning

    The Problem of the Symbolic in Archaeology

    Created Space

    The Urban Center as Representational Field

    Society, Cosmos, and the Problem of Legitimation

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    13. The Poverty of Philosophy in Archaeology

    Epistemology, Archaeology, and Society

    Conclusion

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 330
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: February 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277639

About the Editors

James A. Moore

Arthur S. Keene

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