Archabacteria - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123072085, 9780323144742


1st Edition

Editors: Carl R. Woese
eBook ISBN: 9780323144742
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th June 1985
Page Count: 606
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The Bacteria, A Treatise on Structure and Function, Volume VIII: Archaebacteria is divided into three major parts and is further subdivided into several chapters. Each part deals with a specific area of study regarding archaebacteria. Part I tackles the biochemical diversity and ecology of archaebacteria, while Part II discusses translation apparatus of these organisms. The last part focuses on archaebacteria’s general molecular characteristics. Generally, the physiological, morphological, ecological, and molecular aspects of the archaebacteria are discussed in this volume. This book also covers a historical distinction between prokaryote-eukaryote and the simultaneous development of archaebacteria. This book is a recommended reference for biologists and scientists who are interested in the unique characteristics of archaebacteria as a very special type of bacteria. These organisms provide a “new world” for thermophilic organisms and at the same time make experts reexamine their idea of prokaryotes. Their relationship to eukaryotes leads people to believe that archaebacteria are truly a “new kingdom of organisms”.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume VIII

Contents of Other Volumes

Introduction: Archaebacteria: The Third Form of Life

I. Biochemical Diversity and Ecology of Archaebacteria

1. Methanogenic Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Ecology

III. Taxonomy

IV. Ultrastructure

V. Growth Conditions and Nutrition

VI. Bioenergetics

VII. Carbon Metabolism

VIII. Unique Coenzymes

IX. Biochemistry of Methane Synthesis

X. Oxidation-Reduction Enzymes

XI. Genetics


2. Thermoplasma and the Thermophilic Sulfur-Dependent Archaebacteria

I. Introduction and Definitions

II. Phylogenetic Considerations

III. Thermoplasma: Genus of Uncertain Affiliation

IV. Sulfolobus

V. Thermoproteales

VI. Organisms Occurring in Submarine Hot Volcanic Areas

VII. Requirements and Upper Boundary of Thermophilic Life

VIII. Key to Thermoplasma and the Genera of the Thermophilic Sulfur-Dependent



3. The Halobacteriaceae

I. Introduction: What They Are and Why We Study Them

II. Salty Places and Their Inhabitants

III. Halophilic and Halotolerant Microorganisms

IV. Definition and Classification of Halobacterium and Halococcus Species (Family


V. Physiology of the Halobacteriaceae

VI. Genetics of Halobacteria

VII. Some Notes on the Halococci

VIII. Concluding Remarks: What's Next with the Halobacteriaceae?


4. Sedimentary Record and Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Fate of Organic Matter in a Sediment

III. Geochemical Fossils: Biological Markers


II. Translation Apparatus of Archaebacteria

5. The Structure and Evolution of Archaebacterial Ribosomal RNA

I. Introduction

II. Origins of the Archaebacterial Concept

III. Ribosomal RNA Gene Organization

IV. RNA Secondary Structure: General Considerations

V. 5 S rRNA Primary and Secondary Structure

VI. 16 S rRNA Primary and Secondary Structure

VII. Evolutionary Considerations


6. Transfer Ribonucleic Acids of Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Generalized tRNA Structure

III. Archaebacterial tRNAs

IV. Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases and Aminoacylation

V. Codon and Anticodon Usage

VI. Archaebacterial tRNA Genes

VII. Concluding Remarks

Appendix: Sequences of Archaebacterial tRNAs


7. Ribosomes of Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Archaebacterial Ribosomes

III. Archaebacterial Ribosomal Domains

IV. Archaebacterial Ribosomal Proteins

V. Evolutionary Considerations


8. Elongation Factors

I. Introduction

II. Elongation

III. Archaebacterial Elongation Factors

IV. Ribosome Specificity of Elongation Factors from Three Primary Kingdoms

V. Conclusions


III. General Molecular Characteristics of Archabacteria

9. Cell Envelopes of Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Structure and Chemistry of Cell Envelopes

III. Surface Components of Archaebacteria without Cell Envelopes

IV. Immunology of Cell Envelopes of Methanogenic Bacteria

V. Conclusion


10. Lipids of Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Glycerolipids

III. Polar Lipids

IV. Nonpolar Lipids

V. Biosynthesis

VI. Membrane Organization

VII. Summary


11. DNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases of the Archaebacteria

I. Transcription in Eubacteria

II. Nuclear Transcription in Eukaryotes

III. DNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases of Archaebacteria


12. Antibiotic Sensitivity of Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Methods for Susceptibility Tests

III. Target Sites

IV. Conclusions

V. Summary


13. Genome Structure in Archaebacteria

I. Introduction

II. Overall Genome Structure

III. Genome Instability

IV. Approaches to the Analysis of Genome Organization and Gene Structure


Epilogue: Archaebacteria: The Urkingdom



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© Academic Press 1985
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Carl R. Woese

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