1st Edition - June 10, 1985

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  • Editor: Carl R. Woese
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144742

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The Bacteria, A Treatise on Structure and Function, Volume VIII: Archaebacteria is divided into three major parts and is further subdivided into several chapters. Each part deals with a specific area of study regarding archaebacteria. Part I tackles the biochemical diversity and ecology of archaebacteria, while Part II discusses translation apparatus of these organisms. The last part focuses on archaebacteria’s general molecular characteristics. Generally, the physiological, morphological, ecological, and molecular aspects of the archaebacteria are discussed in this volume. This book also covers a historical distinction between prokaryote-eukaryote and the simultaneous development of archaebacteria. This book is a recommended reference for biologists and scientists who are interested in the unique characteristics of archaebacteria as a very special type of bacteria. These organisms provide a “new world” for thermophilic organisms and at the same time make experts reexamine their idea of prokaryotes. Their relationship to eukaryotes leads people to believe that archaebacteria are truly a “new kingdom of organisms”.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume VIII

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Introduction: Archaebacteria: The Third Form of Life

    I. Biochemical Diversity and Ecology of Archaebacteria

    1. Methanogenic Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Ecology

    III. Taxonomy

    IV. Ultrastructure

    V. Growth Conditions and Nutrition

    VI. Bioenergetics

    VII. Carbon Metabolism

    VIII. Unique Coenzymes

    IX. Biochemistry of Methane Synthesis

    X. Oxidation-Reduction Enzymes

    XI. Genetics


    2. Thermoplasma and the Thermophilic Sulfur-Dependent Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction and Definitions

    II. Phylogenetic Considerations

    III. Thermoplasma: Genus of Uncertain Affiliation

    IV. Sulfolobus

    V. Thermoproteales

    VI. Organisms Occurring in Submarine Hot Volcanic Areas

    VII. Requirements and Upper Boundary of Thermophilic Life

    VIII. Key to Thermoplasma and the Genera of the Thermophilic Sulfur-Dependent



    3. The Halobacteriaceae

    I. Introduction: What They Are and Why We Study Them

    II. Salty Places and Their Inhabitants

    III. Halophilic and Halotolerant Microorganisms

    IV. Definition and Classification of Halobacterium and Halococcus Species (Family


    V. Physiology of the Halobacteriaceae

    VI. Genetics of Halobacteria

    VII. Some Notes on the Halococci

    VIII. Concluding Remarks: What's Next with the Halobacteriaceae?


    4. Sedimentary Record and Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Fate of Organic Matter in a Sediment

    III. Geochemical Fossils: Biological Markers


    II. Translation Apparatus of Archaebacteria

    5. The Structure and Evolution of Archaebacterial Ribosomal RNA

    I. Introduction

    II. Origins of the Archaebacterial Concept

    III. Ribosomal RNA Gene Organization

    IV. RNA Secondary Structure: General Considerations

    V. 5 S rRNA Primary and Secondary Structure

    VI. 16 S rRNA Primary and Secondary Structure

    VII. Evolutionary Considerations


    6. Transfer Ribonucleic Acids of Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Generalized tRNA Structure

    III. Archaebacterial tRNAs

    IV. Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases and Aminoacylation

    V. Codon and Anticodon Usage

    VI. Archaebacterial tRNA Genes

    VII. Concluding Remarks

    Appendix: Sequences of Archaebacterial tRNAs


    7. Ribosomes of Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Archaebacterial Ribosomes

    III. Archaebacterial Ribosomal Domains

    IV. Archaebacterial Ribosomal Proteins

    V. Evolutionary Considerations


    8. Elongation Factors

    I. Introduction

    II. Elongation

    III. Archaebacterial Elongation Factors

    IV. Ribosome Specificity of Elongation Factors from Three Primary Kingdoms

    V. Conclusions


    III. General Molecular Characteristics of Archabacteria

    9. Cell Envelopes of Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure and Chemistry of Cell Envelopes

    III. Surface Components of Archaebacteria without Cell Envelopes

    IV. Immunology of Cell Envelopes of Methanogenic Bacteria

    V. Conclusion


    10. Lipids of Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Glycerolipids

    III. Polar Lipids

    IV. Nonpolar Lipids

    V. Biosynthesis

    VI. Membrane Organization

    VII. Summary


    11. DNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases of the Archaebacteria

    I. Transcription in Eubacteria

    II. Nuclear Transcription in Eukaryotes

    III. DNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases of Archaebacteria


    12. Antibiotic Sensitivity of Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods for Susceptibility Tests

    III. Target Sites

    IV. Conclusions

    V. Summary


    13. Genome Structure in Archaebacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Overall Genome Structure

    III. Genome Instability

    IV. Approaches to the Analysis of Genome Organization and Gene Structure


    Epilogue: Archaebacteria: The Urkingdom


Product details

  • No. of pages: 606
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: June 10, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144742

About the Editor

Carl R. Woese

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