Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128128435

Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design

1st Edition

Potential, Design, Ecological Health, Economics, Policies and Community Perceptions

Authors: Ashok Sharma Ted Gardner Don Begbie
Paperback ISBN: 9780128128435
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st September 2018
Page Count: 626
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Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design: Potential, Design, Ecological Health, Economics, Policies and Community Perceptions covers all aspects on the implementation of sustainable storm water systems for urban and suburban areas whether they are labeled as WSUD, Low Impact Development (LID), Green Infrastructure (GI), Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) or the Sponge City Concept. These systems and approaches are becoming an integral part of developing water sensitive cities as they are considered very capable solutions in addressing issues relating to urbanization, climate change and heat island impacts in dealing with storm water issues.

The book is based on research conducted in Australia and around the world, bringing in perspectives in an ecosystems approach, a water quality approach, and a sewer based approach to stormwater, all of which are uniquely covered in this single resource.

Key Features

  • Presents a holistic examination of the current knowledge on WSUD and storm water, including water quality, hydrology, social impacts, economic impacts, ecosystem health, and implementation guidelines
  • Includes additional global approaches to WSUD, including SUDS, LID, GI and the Sponge City Concept
  • Covers the different perspectives from Australia (ecosystem based), the USA (water quality based) and Europe (sewer based)
  • Addresses storm water management during the civil construction stage when much of the ecological damage can be done


Environmental science, environmental engineering, urban planning, water policy and planning, architects, urban ecologists

Table of Contents


1. History of WSUD/ LID adoption in Australia and internationally: It will cover WSUD history, philosophy behind WSUD adoption and WSUD as part of the new urban landscape design. It will explore water quality protection, decentralised water supply, urban aesthetics, and creek ecosystem protection.

WSUD approaches

2. WSUD adoption and expected achievements: It will cover the expected outcomes from the adoption and associated drivers including how IUWM fits into WSUD philosophy. Explores the multiple benefits of WSUD and drivers for its adoption.

3. WSUD approaches and their description: It will provide detailed descriptions of various WSUD approaches/ tools and their functions. Includes bio-engineering & hard engineering systems as well as rainwater/stormwater capture & storage techniques.

4. WSUD design guidelines and data needs: A review of national and international WSUD design guidelines and their brief description including data requirements for their design.

5. WSUD treatment train sizing using optimisation techniques: This chapter will cover the methods and approaches for the design of a combination of WSUD tools as treatment trains, including as how the design of single system design is different from a treatment train design. Will include design models such as MUSIC.

6. WSUD and stormwater quality: This chapter will cover the overall stormwater quality aspects based on literature review and efficacy of WSUD approaches in modifying stormwater runoff quality.


Potential for WSUD

7. Water harvesting potential of WSUD approaches: The chapter will cover the potential of WSUD tools for water harvesting, to address issues like increased water demand due to urbanisation and population growth and climate change impacts on fresh water resources.

8. WSUD and flood protection: It will describe how WSUD technologies fit in with the more traditional structures for managing stormwater flooding such as roadside curbs, channels, and stormwater pipes etc.

9. WSUD approaches in sewer system overflow management: This chapter will cover the suitability of WSUD approaches for sewer overflow management and to what extent the overflow quantity and flows can be managed.

10. Sediment and erosion control devices: this will cover the need for such methods/devices during the civil construction and building phases and compare these with the sediment control achieved by post construction WSUD devices.

11. Post implementation assessment of WSUD approaches: This chapter will review some case study developments to assess if WSUD technologies achieve the water quality and discharge design objectives in the longer term post their construction.

Ecological health covering impacts/benefits

12. WSUD managing predevelopment hydrology: The chapter will examine whether the WSUD runoff detention/retention/treatment approaches are capable of maintaining / restoring predevelopment hydrology in urban developments.

13. WSUD improving ecological health: It will describe the relative effectiveness of traditional WSUD technologies in protecting stream ecosystem health compared to reducing contaminant export into urban streams.

14. WSUD protecting and managing stream morphology: This will describe if WSUD approaches can protect urban stream morphology and if so how these systems need to be configured. Illustrated using case studies.

15. Urban lakes and their roles: It will cover nature of urban lakes, their aesthetics & management requirements and their effectiveness in improving runoff quality and reducing urban flooding as well as the contribution they make to social health.

Economics, policies and regulation

16. Economics of WSUD approaches: This will cover the business case for WSUD, including CAPEX, OPEX ,and associated externalities in the context of the relative benefits of distributed vs end of catchment treatment locations.

17. WSUD regulations: This will cover the review of national and international regulations for WSUD planning and implementation, and gaps in their sustainable management.

18. Operation and maintenance of WSUD features: It will describe the operation and maintenance guidelines for WSUD devices and the equitable sharing of operational costs.

Community perception

19. Community perception on WSUD implementation and adoption: The chapter will cover community perception based on socio-technical assessment of selected developments designed using WSUD philosophies.

WSUD Case studies

20. WSUD Case Studies from Australia, USA, Europe, Asia case studies of WSUD applications sites in various parts of the globe highlighting their drivers, technologies, effectiveness and community acceptance.


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About the Author

Ashok Sharma

Dr. Ashok Sharma is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. He has 30 years of research, teaching and industrial experience on planning and design of centralised and decentralised water, wastewater and stormwater systems; integrated urban water management; and water sensitive urban design. As Principal Research Engineer, CSIRO, Australia, he led research on alternative water, wastewater and stormwater systems to address knowledge gaps in their mainstream uptake. He also worked as a Planning Engineer at Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland, Australia and as an Engineer at Uttar Pradesh State Water Corporation, and Assistant Professor at Delhi College of Engineering in India. He has co-authored 3 books, 11 book chapters, 70 journal and 69 conference publications, and 45 technical reports. He completed his B Tech (Civil Eng.) at G B P Agriculture and Technology University, Pantnagar, India; ME (Environmental Eng.) and PhD (Civil Eng.) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (Australia) and CP Eng. (Australia).

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor Water Resources, College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

Ted Gardner

Adjunct Professor Ted Gardner holds adjunct appointments at Victoria University, Melbourne and at a number of Australian regional universities. He chairs the technical advisory committee of the Australian Water Association’s e-Water journal. Prior to his retirement in 2010, Ted was Principal Research Scientist, Integrated Urban Water Systems, CSIRO, where he led research projects into decentralised water technologies and stormwater harvesting and reuse in South East Queensland. He was also the Principal Scientist with the Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management, leading the Urban Water Cycle group which focused on urban water sustainability. In 2005, Ted was awarded the Australia Day Award Public Service Medal for his work on water recycling and urban water supply. In 2014, he was award the biennial McLean-Idema award from Irrigation Australia for his career work on irrigation using recycled water. He has an extensive publication record including over 200 peer reviewed journal and conference papers, 4 book chapters, co-editor of a scientific monograph on purified recycled water, and an IWA book on rainwater systems, and has made numerous presentations to technical and community groups. Ted completed his Bachelor of Agricultural Science and Masters of Agricultural Science at the University of Queensland.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

Don Begbie

Don Begbie was Executive Officer, Australian Water Recycling Centre of Excellence, and Program Manager, Research and Development, until the Centre’s closure in December 2016. Prior to that, Don was the Director of the Urban Water Security Research Alliance in South East Queensland, Australia, where he managed and coordinated the delivery of research for urban water security with a focus on integrated water management and alternative water sources such as rainwater tanks and stormwater harvesting. He was previously Director Water Science, Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Water, where he managed the delivery of research into urban water systems, groundwater and surface water modelling, and freshwater quality and aquatic ecosystem health. Don completed both his Bachelor of Agricultural Science and Masters of Agricultural Studies at The University of Queensland.

Affiliations and Expertise

Program Manager R&D, Australian Water Recycling Centre of Excellence, Brisbane, Australia

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