Applied Industrial Catalysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124402010, 9780323156332

Applied Industrial Catalysis

1st Edition

Editors: Bruce Leach
eBook ISBN: 9780323156332
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1983
Page Count: 316
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Description

Applied Industrial Catalysis, Volume 1 provides a practical description of catalysis by industrial scientists. This book provides information pertinent to industrial catalysis, which is influenced by science, business, economic, markets, and politics. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the significance of industrial catalysis and its effect on human lifestyle and environment. This text then describes how to take a laboratory catalyst to successful commercialization with minimum problems. Other chapters consider in detail two major refinery processes, namely, hydrotreating and reforming. The reader is introduced to the specific processes for polyethylene and polypropylene manufacture. This book reviews as well ethylene oxide synthesis and explains oxychlorination of ethylene to ethylene dichloride. The final chapter reviews methanol carbonylation to acetic acid, which is produced by continuously reacting methanol and carbon monoxide in a homogeneous catalytic reactor at <200°C and <500 psi pressure. Industrial scientists and process engineers will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Industrial Catalysis: Chemistry Applied to Your Life-Style and Environment

I. Industrial Catalysis: Definition, Scope, and Importance

II. History of Industrial Catalysis

III. Impact on Industry and Economics

IV. Impact of Industrial Catalysis on Science

V. Catalysis Impact on Life-Styles

VI. Catalysis Research

VII. Effects of Catalysis on Life-Style

References

2 Catalyst Scale-up—Pitfall or Payoff?

I. Introduction and Definitions

II. Role of the Custom Catalyst Manufacturer

III. The Scale-up Process

IV. Pitfalls to Be Avoided

V. How Can Payoff Changes Be Increased?

Bibliography

3 Laboratory Reactors for Catalytic Studies

I. The Purpose of Laboratory Reactors

II. Transfer Processes and Rate-Limiting Steps

III. Requirements for Scale-down to Laboratory Reactors

IV. Fluid Bed Reactors

V. Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors

VI. Gradientless Reactors

VII. Conclusion

References

4 Catalytic Hydrotreating in Petroleum Refining

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Reactions

III. General Process Description

IV. Specific Process Applications

V. Catalysts

VI. Operating Performance Evaluation and Troubleshooting Guidelines

VII. Economics

VIII. Future Outlook

References

5 Catalytic Reforming of Naphtha in Petroleum Refineries

I. Introduction

II. Feed Components and Reactions

III. Process Description

IV. Catalysts

V. Operating Variables

VI. Future Reforming Growth

References

6 Catalysis of the Phillips Petroleum Company Polyethylene Process

I. Discovery and Development

II. The Catalyst System

III. Polymerization

IV. Polymer Properties

V. Manufacturing Plants

VI. Polymer Structure and Polymerization Mechanism

References

7 The Evolution of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts for Propylene Polymerization

I. Introduction

II. Polypropylene Market Properties

III. Laboratory-Scale Evaluation Procedures

IV. Effects of Polymerization Variables

V. Evolution of Polymerization Processes

VI. Commercial Catalyst Development

VII. Future Developments

References

8 Ethylene Oxide Synthesis

I. Ethylene Oxide

II. Synthesis

III. Ethylene Oxidation

IV. Manufacturing Processes

References

9 Oxychlorination of Ethylene

I. Introduction

II. Process Chemistry—Ethylene Oxychlorination

III. General Ethylene Oxychlorization Process Descriptions—Fluidized Beds

IV. Detailed Process Description—Stauffer Fixed Bed

V. Future Trends

References

10 Methanol Carbonylation to Acetic Acid Processes

I. History of Acetic Acid Processes

II. Process Description

III. Licensing Activities

IV. Process Chemistry

References

Appendix

Index

Details

No. of pages:
316
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323156332

About the Editor

Bruce Leach