Applied Industrial Catalysis

Applied Industrial Catalysis

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Editor: Bruce Leach
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156332

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Description

Applied Industrial Catalysis, Volume 1 provides a practical description of catalysis by industrial scientists. This book provides information pertinent to industrial catalysis, which is influenced by science, business, economic, markets, and politics. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the significance of industrial catalysis and its effect on human lifestyle and environment. This text then describes how to take a laboratory catalyst to successful commercialization with minimum problems. Other chapters consider in detail two major refinery processes, namely, hydrotreating and reforming. The reader is introduced to the specific processes for polyethylene and polypropylene manufacture. This book reviews as well ethylene oxide synthesis and explains oxychlorination of ethylene to ethylene dichloride. The final chapter reviews methanol carbonylation to acetic acid, which is produced by continuously reacting methanol and carbon monoxide in a homogeneous catalytic reactor at

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    1 Industrial Catalysis: Chemistry Applied to Your Life-Style and Environment

    I. Industrial Catalysis: Definition, Scope, and Importance

    II. History of Industrial Catalysis

    III. Impact on Industry and Economics

    IV. Impact of Industrial Catalysis on Science

    V. Catalysis Impact on Life-Styles

    VI. Catalysis Research

    VII. Effects of Catalysis on Life-Style

    References

    2 Catalyst Scale-up—Pitfall or Payoff?

    I. Introduction and Definitions

    II. Role of the Custom Catalyst Manufacturer

    III. The Scale-up Process

    IV. Pitfalls to Be Avoided

    V. How Can Payoff Changes Be Increased?

    Bibliography

    3 Laboratory Reactors for Catalytic Studies

    I. The Purpose of Laboratory Reactors

    II. Transfer Processes and Rate-Limiting Steps

    III. Requirements for Scale-down to Laboratory Reactors

    IV. Fluid Bed Reactors

    V. Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors

    VI. Gradientless Reactors

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    4 Catalytic Hydrotreating in Petroleum Refining

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Reactions

    III. General Process Description

    IV. Specific Process Applications

    V. Catalysts

    VI. Operating Performance Evaluation and Troubleshooting Guidelines

    VII. Economics

    VIII. Future Outlook

    References

    5 Catalytic Reforming of Naphtha in Petroleum Refineries

    I. Introduction

    II. Feed Components and Reactions

    III. Process Description

    IV. Catalysts

    V. Operating Variables

    VI. Future Reforming Growth

    References

    6 Catalysis of the Phillips Petroleum Company Polyethylene Process

    I. Discovery and Development

    II. The Catalyst System

    III. Polymerization

    IV. Polymer Properties

    V. Manufacturing Plants

    VI. Polymer Structure and Polymerization Mechanism

    References

    7 The Evolution of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts for Propylene Polymerization

    I. Introduction

    II. Polypropylene Market Properties

    III. Laboratory-Scale Evaluation Procedures

    IV. Effects of Polymerization Variables

    V. Evolution of Polymerization Processes

    VI. Commercial Catalyst Development

    VII. Future Developments

    References

    8 Ethylene Oxide Synthesis

    I. Ethylene Oxide

    II. Synthesis

    III. Ethylene Oxidation

    IV. Manufacturing Processes

    References

    9 Oxychlorination of Ethylene

    I. Introduction

    II. Process Chemistry—Ethylene Oxychlorination

    III. General Ethylene Oxychlorization Process Descriptions—Fluidized Beds

    IV. Detailed Process Description—Stauffer Fixed Bed

    V. Future Trends

    References

    10 Methanol Carbonylation to Acetic Acid Processes

    I. History of Acetic Acid Processes

    II. Process Description

    III. Licensing Activities

    IV. Process Chemistry

    References

    Appendix

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 316
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156332

About the Editor

Bruce Leach

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