Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Implementing Security Controls into the Modern Power Infrastructure

1st Edition - February 26, 2013

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  • Authors: Eric Knapp, Raj Samani
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781597499989
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046382

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Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer.

Key Features

  • Discover the potential of the Smart Grid
  • Learn in depth about its systems
  • See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it


This book is be geared toward Control Systems operators and IS and IT professionals who are trying to apply security controls to the complex and rapidly evolving Smart.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments

    About the Authors

    About the Technical Editor

    Foreword by Troels Oerting

    Foreword by Robert P. Lockhart


    Book overview and key learning points

    Book audience

    Diagrams and Figures

    What’s in the Book


    Chapter 1. What is the Smart Grid?

    Energy demands

    Grid resilience

    Environmental performance

    Operational efficiencies

    Common components of the Smart Grid

    Pitfalls of the Smart Grid



    Chapter 2. Smart Grid Network Architecture

    Bulk and distributed generation architectures

    Transmission and distribution architecture

    Advanced metering architecture

    In-home systems


    System interdependencies




    Chapter 3. Hacking the Smart Grid


    Identifying a target


    Attack tools

    Attack methods



    Chapter 4. Privacy Concerns with the Smart Grid

    Personal data


    Chapter 5. Security Models for SCADA, ICS, and Smart Grid

    NISTIR 7628 Smart Grid cyber security architecture

    EU M/490 and the SGCG reference architecture for the Smart Grid

    IEEE 2030-2011 Smart Grid power system, communication technology, and information technology reference diagrams

    ISA-62443 (also known as ISA-SP99): zones and conduits and Smart Grids

    Mapping security requirements to Smart Grid environments

    A simplified Smart Grid reference model



    Chapter 6. Securing the Smart Grid

    Implementing security control within Smart Grid endpoints

    Establishing strong boundaries and zone separation

    Protecting data and applications within the Smart Grid

    Situational awareness

    Use case: defending against Shamoon



    Chapter 7. Securing the Supply Chain

    Smart Grid supply chain


    Chapter 8. The Future of the Grid

    The challenge of making predictions

    Value of personal data

    Future cyber security considerations

    The future of cyber security countermeasures



    Appendix A. Reference Models and Architectures

    Smart Grid cyber security reference model

    Smart Grid cyber security design template

    Generation cyber security reference model (detail)

    Generation cyber security design template (detail)

    NISTIR 7628 guidelines for Smart Grid cyber security

    SGCG reference architecture for the Smart Grid

    Applying endpoint security controls

    Applying network security controls

    Applying data integrity and protection controls


    Appendix B. Continued Reading

    Smart Grid Security: An end-to-end view of security in the new electrical grid, by Gilbert N. Sorebo and Michael C. Echols

    Industrial Network Security: Securing critical infrastructure networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and other industrial control systems, by Eric D. Knapp

    Securing the Smart Grid: Next generation power grid security, by Tony Flick and Justin Morehouse

    Smart Grid: Integrating renewable, distributed, and efficient energy, by Fereidoon P. Sioshansi

    Cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems: SCADA, DCS, PLC, HMI, and SIS, by Tyson Macaulay and Bryan Singer

    NISTIR 7628 guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security

    SGCG report on reference architecture for the Smart Grid

    IEEE guide for Smart Grid interoperability of energy technology and information technology operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), end-use applications, and loads




Product details

  • No. of pages: 224
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Syngress 2013
  • Published: February 26, 2013
  • Imprint: Syngress
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781597499989
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046382

About the Authors

Eric Knapp

Eric Knapp is a globally recognized expert in industrial control systems cyber security and continues to drive the adoption of new security technology to promote safer and more reliable automation infrastructures. He first specialized in ICS cyber security while at Nitrosecurity, where he focused on threats against these environments. He was later responsible for the development and implementation of end-to-end ICS cyber security solutions for McAfee in his role as Global Director for Critical Infrastructure Markets. He is currently Director of Strategic Alliances for Wurldtech Security Technologies, where he continues to promote the advancement of embedded security technology to better protect SCADA, ICS and other connected, real-time devices. In addition to his work in information security, he is an award-winning author of fiction. He studied at the University of New Hampshire and the University of London.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director Strategic Alliances for Wurldtech Security Technologies

Raj Samani

Raj Samani is an active member of the Information Security industry, through involvement with numerous initiatives to improve the awareness and application of security in business and society. He is currently working as the VP, Chief Technical Officer for McAfee EMEA, having previously worked as the Chief Information Security Officer for a large public sector organisation in the UK and was recently inducted into the Infosecurity Europe Hall of Fame (2012).

He previously worked across numerous public sector organisations, in many cyber security and research orientated working groups across Europe. Examples include the midata Interoperability Board, as well as representing DIGITALEUROPE on the Smart Grids Reference Group established by the European Commission in support of the Smart Grid Mandate.

In addition, Raj is currently the Cloud Security Alliance’s Strategic Advisor for EMEA having previously served as the Vice President for Communications in the ISSA UK Chapter where he presided over the award of Chapter Communications Programme of the Year 2008 and 2009, having previously established the UK mentoring programme. He is also on the advisory council for the Infosecurity Europe show, Infosecurity Magazine, and expert on both, and Infosec portal, and regular columnist on Computer Weekly. He has had numerous security papers published, and appeared on television (ITV and More4) commenting on computer security issues. He has also provided assistance in the 2006 RSA Wireless Security Survey and part of the consultation committee for the RIPA Bill (Part 3).

Affiliations and Expertise


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