Applied Complexometry

Applied Complexometry

Pergamon Series in Analytical Chemistry

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: Rudolf Přibil
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161112

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Description

Applied Complexometry tackles complexometry from a practical perspective. The book discusses more applications, and theories are reduced to the most important ones. Comprised of 22 chapters, this book deals first with volumetric reagents in complexometry, and then tackles detection of the titration end-point. Chapter 3 covers masking (screening) reagents. Chapter 4 discusses separation methods, and Chapter 5 covers apparatus and solutions. Chapter 6 talks about the classification of EDTA complexes, while Chapter 7 discusses the complexometry anions. Chapter 8 discusses the analytical applications; Chapters 9 to 21 explain the analysis of several materials and solutions, such as alloys, silicates and rocks, cement, ores and concentrates, semiconductors, pigments, and electroplating solutions. The last chapter discusses further applications of complexometry. This book will be of great interest to researchers, especially for chemists whose work involves various chemical techniques such as complexometry.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter 1 Volumetric Reagents in Complexometry

    1.1 The Properties of EDTA

    1.2 The Stability of EDTA Complexes

    1.3 EDTA as a Volumetric reagent

    Chapter 2 Detection of the Titration End-point

    2.1 Complexometric Indicators

    2.1.1 Introduction

    2.1.2 Metallochromic Indicators

    2.1.3 The Properties of Metallochromic Indicators

    2.1.4 The Sensitivity of the Indicator and Accuracy of the Titration

    2.1.5 A Brief Survey of Metallochromic Indicators

    2.1.6 Metallofluorescent Indicators

    2.1.7 Redox Indicators

    2.1.8 Chemiluminescent Indicators

    2.1.9 Blocking of Indicators

    2.2 Instrumental Methods in Complexometry

    Chapter 3 Masking (Screening) Reagents

    3.1 Classification of Masking Agents

    3.2 Masking Agents for Alkaline Media

    3.2.1 Potassium Cyanide

    3.2.2 Triethanolamine (TEA)

    3.2.3 Thioglycollic Acid (TGA)

    3.2.4 3-Mercaptopropionic Acid (MPA)

    3.2.5 2,3-Dimercaptopropan-1-o1 (BAL)

    3.2.6 Unithiol

    3.2.7 Dimercaptosuccinic Acid

    3.2.8 Ammonium Fluoride

    3.2.9 Hydrogen Peroxide

    3.2.10 Sodium or Potassium Hydroxide

    3.3 Masking Reagents for Acid Solutions

    3.3.1 Sodium or Ammonium Sulphate

    3.3.2 Potassium Iodide

    3.3.3 Sodium Thiosulphate

    3.3.4 Thiourea

    3.3.5 Thiosemicarbazide

    3.3.6 1,10-Phenanthroline (Phen)

    3.3.7 Derivatives of Salicylic Acid

    3.3.8 Acetylacetone

    3.3.9 Hydrogen Peroxide

    3.4 Masking by Precipitation

    3.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 4 Separation Methods

    4.1 Separation during Dissolution

    4.2 Separation by Precipitation

    4.3 Separation by Electrolysis

    4.4 Separation on Ion-Exchangers

    4.5 Separation by Liquid-Liquid Extraction

    Chapter 5 Apparatus and Solutions

    5.1 Glass and Plastic Ware

    5.2 Reagents

    5.2.1 Ethylenediaminetetra-Acetic Acid - EDTA

    5.2.2 The Stability of Standard EDTA Solutions

    5.2.3 Standardization of EDTA Solutions

    5.2.4 Preparation of Other Standard Solutions

    5.2.5 Preparation of Indicators

    5.2.6 Buffers

    Chapter 6 Classification of EDTA Complexes

    6.1 Complexometry of Group I Cations

    6.1.1 Zirconium

    6.1.2 Hafnium

    6.1.3 Thorium

    6.1.4 Scandium

    6.1.5 Bismuth

    6.1.6 Iron

    6.1.7 Uranium

    6.1.8 Indium

    6.1.9 Gallium

    6.1.10 Thallium

    6.1.11 Chromium

    6.1.12 Titanium

    6.1.13 Tin

    6.1.14 Mercury

    6.2 Complexometry of Group II Cations

    6.2.1 Copper

    6.2.2 Lead

    6.2.3 Nickel

    6.2.4 Cobalt

    6.2.5 Zinc

    6.2.6 Cadmium

    6.2.7 Aluminum

    6.2.8 Manganese

    6.2.9 Molybdenum

    6.2.10 Vanadium

    6.2.11 The Rare-Earth Lanthanides (RE) - The Lanthanides

    6.3 Complexometry of Group III Cations

    6.3.1 Calcium and Magnesium

    6.3.2 Strontium

    6.3.3 Barium

    6.3.4 Beryllium

    6.3.5 Silver

    6.3.6 Alkali Metals

    6.3.7 Gold and the Platinum Metals

    Chapter 7 The Complexometry of Anions

    7.1 Fluoride

    7.1.1 Determination of Fluoride as CaF2

    7.1.2 Determination of Fluoride as PbClF

    7.1.3 Determination of Fluoride as PbBrF

    7.1.4 Determination of Fluoride as CeFo

    7.1.5 Determination of Fluoride as LaF3(H2O)3

    7.1.6 Direct Determination of Fluoride by Titration with Thorium Nitrate

    7.1.7 Direct Determination of Fluoride with U(SO4)2 Solution

    7.2 Determination of Sulphate

    7.2.1 Determination of Sulphate as BaSO4

    7.2.2 Determination of Sulphate as PbSO4

    7·3 Determination of Phosphate

    7.3.1 Determination of Phosphate as MgNH4PO4.6H2O

    7.3.2 Determination of Phosphate as ZnNH4PO4.6H2O 233

    7.3.3 Determination of Phosphate as BiPO4

    7.3.4 Determination of Phosphate as Th3(PO4)4

    7.3.5 Determination of Phosphate as Zr(HPO4)2 or ZrO(HPO4)

    7.3.6 Determination of Phosphate by Precipitation Titration

    Chapter 8 Analytical Applications

    Chapter 9 Analysis of Alloys

    9.1 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

    9.1.1 Determination of Manganese

    9.1.2 Determination of Zinc in Aluminum Alloys

    9.1.3 Determinations of Aluminum in Binary Al-Zn Alloys (ALZINOY)

    9.1.4 Determination of Lead and Bismuth in Aluminum Alloys

    9.1.5 Analysis of Binary Alloys of Aluminum and Titanium

    9.1.6 Analysis of Binary Alloys of Aluminum and Lanthanides

    9.1.7 Analysis of Some other Aluminum Alloys

    9.2 Iron and its Alloys

    9.2.1 Analysis of Binary Master Alloys

    9.2.2 Analysis of Steels and Cast Iron

    9.3 Lead and Lead Alloys

    9.3.1 Determination of Lead in the Presence of Other Metals

    9.3.2 Determination of Lead in Lead Drosses

    9.3.3 Determination of Lead in Accumulator Plates

    9.3.4 Analysis of Simple Pb-Sn Alloys

    9.3.5 Analysis of White Metals (Pb-Sn-Sb-Cu)

    9.3.6 Analysis of Low-Melting Alloys

    9.3.7 Analysis of Bi-Pb-Sn Alloys

    9.3.8 Analysis of Low-Melting Pb-In Alloys

    9·3·9 Analysis of Lead-Silver Alloys

    9.3.10 Determination of Lead and Zinc in Brass and Bronzes

    9.4 Copper and Copper Alloys

    9.4.1 Determination of Tin in Bronze and Gun Metal

    9.4.2 Determination of Lead in Brasses and Bronzes

    9.4.3 Determination of Zinc and Copper in Cu-Zn Alloys

    9.4.4 Determination of Zinc and Lead in Brasses

    9.4.5 Determination of Cadmium in Copper Alloys

    9.4.6 Determination of Manganese in Copper Alloys

    9.4.7 Determination of Aluminum in Copper Alloys

    9.4.8 Complete Analysis of Various Copper Alloys

    Chapter 10 Analysis of Rocks and Minerals

    10.1 Analysis of Limestones, Dolomites and Magnesites

    10.1.1 Determination of Calcium in Magnesites

    10.1.2 Determination of Magnesium in Dolomites and Limestones

    10.1.3 Determination of CaO in Burnt Limestone Fluorspar and Cryolite

    10.2.1 Analysis of Fluorite according to Nielsch

    10.2.2 Analysis of Fluorite according to Povondra and Vébr

    10.2.3 Determination of CaF2 in Fluorite

    10.2.4 Analysis of Fluorites according to Steinhauser et Al.

    10.2.5 Determination of Fluoride in Cryolite

    10.3 Analysis of Phosphates

    10.4 Analysis of Monazites

    Chapter 11 Analysis of Silicates and Rocks

    11.1 Partial Analysis of Silicates and Rocks

    11.1.1 Aluminum

    11.1.2 Calcium and Magnesium

    11.1.3 Additional Methods

    Chapter 12 Analysis of Slags

    12.1 Determination of Individual Components in Slags

    12.1.1 Calcium

    12.1.2 Magnesium

    12.1.3 Calcium and Magnesium

    12.1.4 Aluminum

    12.1.5 Titanium

    12.1.6 Manganese

    12.1.7 Metallic Iron

    12.1.8 Magnesium and Magnesium oxide in Uranium Slags

    12.2 Complete Analysis of Slags

    12.2.1 Analysis of Basic Slags according to Wakamatsu

    12.2.2 Analysis of Slags according to Endo

    12.2.3 Analysis of Basic Slags

    12.2.4 Analysis of Slags according to Pribil and Vesely

    12.3 Combined Methods for Slag Analysis

    12.3.1 Analysis of Cupola Slags

    12.3.2 Analysis of Slags with High Manganese and Phosphorus Contents

    Chapter 13 Analysis of Cements

    13.1 Determination of CaO and MgO

    13.2 Determination of Aluminum

    13.3 Total Analysis of Cements

    13.3.1 Analysis of Cements (Jugovic)

    13.3.2 Rapid Analysis of Cements (Stiglitz and Cornet)

    13.3.3 Analysis of Aluminosilicates (Debras-Guedon)

    13.3.4 Analysis of Cements (Naidu and Sastry)

    13.3.5 Complexometric Determination of Sulphate in Cements

    Chapter 14 Analysis of Glasses

    14.1 Determination of Calcium, Magnesium and Manganese in Glasses

    14.2 Determination of Zirconium

    14.3 Determination of Thorium

    14.4 Determination of Thorium, Lanthanum, Barium and Boron

    14.5 Partial Analyses of Glasses

    Chapter 15 Analysis of Ores and Concentrates

    15.1 Lead Ores and Concentrates

    15.1.1 Lead in Galena

    15.1.2 Determination of Lead and Sulphur in Galena

    15.1.3 Determination of Lead in Ores

    15.1.4 Determination of Lead in Ores after Ion-Exchange Separation

    15.2 Zinc Ores and Concentrates

    15.2.1 Determination of Zinc in Concentrates

    15.2.2 Determination of Zinc in Ores

    15.2.3 Determination of Sulphur in Zinc Concentrates

    15.3 Zinc-lead Ores

    15.4 Chromium Ores

    15.4.1 Complete Complexometric Analysis of Chromium Ores

    15.4.2 Analysis of Chromium ores according to Král

    15.5 Manganese Ores

    15.5.1 Determination of Manganese (Povondra and Pribil)

    15.5.2 Determination of Manganese (Endo and Koroki)

    15.5.3 Determination of Manganese after Ion-Exchange Separation

    15.6 Analysis of Copper Ores

    15.7 Determination of Ca and Mg in ores and Concentrates

    Chapter 16 Analysis of Ferrites

    16.1 Dissolution of Ferrites

    16.2 Separation of Iron

    16.3 Analysis of Individual Ferrites

    16.3.1 Rapid Determination of Magnesium in Ferrites

    16.3.2 Determination of Strontium in Sr-Ferrites

    16.3.3 Determination of Zinc in Zn-Mn Ferrites

    16.3.4 Analysis of Mn-Zn-Mg Ferrites

    16.3.5 Analysis of Mn-Zn Ferrites

    16.3.6 Analysis of Co-Mn-Mg Ferrites

    16.3.7 Analysis of Co-Ba Ferrites

    16.3.8 Analysis of Pb-Ni-Mg Ferrites

    16.4 Potentiometric Analysis of Ferrites

    Chapter 17 Analysis of Semiconductors

    Chapter 18 Analysis of Catalysts

    Chapter 19 Analysis of Pigments

    Chapter 20 Analysis of Varnish Driers

    Chapter 21 Analysis of Electroplating Solutions

    21.1 Acid Baths

    21.1.1 Analysis of Copper Plating Baths

    21.1.2 Analysis of Nickel Plating Baths

    21.1.3 Analysis of Zinc Plating Baths

    21.1.4 Analysis of Tin Plating Baths

    21.1.5 Analysis of Lead Plating Baths

    21.2 Alkaline Baths

    21.2.1 Analysis of Silver Plating Baths

    21.2.2 Analysis of Copper Plating Solutions

    21.2.3 Analysis of Zinc Plating Solutions

    21.2.4 Analysis of Cadmium Plating Solutions

    21.2.5 Analysis of Brass Plating Solutions

    21.2.6 Analysis of Nickel Plating Solutions

    21.2.7 Determination of Impurities in Brass and Nickel Baths

    21.3 Analysis of Chromium Plating Solutions

    21.4 Analysis of Special Plating Solutions

    21.4.1 Analysis of Gallium-Indium Electrolytes

    21.4.2 Analysis of Indium-Tin Electrolytes

    21.4.3 Determination of Gallium in Gold Baths

    21.4.4 Determination of Indium in Gold Baths

    21.4.5 Determination of Indium, Nickel and Zinc in Gold Baths

    21.4.6 Determination of indium, Nickel and Aluminum in Gold Baths

    21.4.7 Analysis of Cyanide Gold Baths

    21.4.8 Determination of Antimony in Gold-Antimony Baths

    21.4.9 Determination of NTA and Cadmium in Cadmium Baths

    21.4.10 Determination of Rochelle (Segnette) Salt

    Chapter 22 Further Applications of Complexometry

    22.1 Pharmaceutical Analysis

    22.2 Clinical Analysis

    22.3 Analysis of Foods

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161112

About the Author

Rudolf Přibil

About the Editor

Robert A. Chalmers

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