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Applied Complexometry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080262772, 9781483161112

Applied Complexometry

1st Edition

Pergamon Series in Analytical Chemistry

Author: Rudolf Přibil
Editor: Robert A. Chalmers
eBook ISBN: 9781483161112
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 456
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Applied Complexometry tackles complexometry from a practical perspective. The book discusses more applications, and theories are reduced to the most important ones. Comprised of 22 chapters, this book deals first with volumetric reagents in complexometry, and then tackles detection of the titration end-point. Chapter 3 covers masking (screening) reagents. Chapter 4 discusses separation methods, and Chapter 5 covers apparatus and solutions. Chapter 6 talks about the classification of EDTA complexes, while Chapter 7 discusses the complexometry anions. Chapter 8 discusses the analytical applications; Chapters 9 to 21 explain the analysis of several materials and solutions, such as alloys, silicates and rocks, cement, ores and concentrates, semiconductors, pigments, and electroplating solutions. The last chapter discusses further applications of complexometry. This book will be of great interest to researchers, especially for chemists whose work involves various chemical techniques such as complexometry.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Volumetric Reagents in Complexometry

1.1 The Properties of EDTA

1.2 The Stability of EDTA Complexes

1.3 EDTA as a Volumetric reagent

Chapter 2 Detection of the Titration End-point

2.1 Complexometric Indicators

2.1.1 Introduction

2.1.2 Metallochromic Indicators

2.1.3 The Properties of Metallochromic Indicators

2.1.4 The Sensitivity of the Indicator and Accuracy of the Titration

2.1.5 A Brief Survey of Metallochromic Indicators

2.1.6 Metallofluorescent Indicators

2.1.7 Redox Indicators

2.1.8 Chemiluminescent Indicators

2.1.9 Blocking of Indicators

2.2 Instrumental Methods in Complexometry

Chapter 3 Masking (Screening) Reagents

3.1 Classification of Masking Agents

3.2 Masking Agents for Alkaline Media

3.2.1 Potassium Cyanide

3.2.2 Triethanolamine (TEA)

3.2.3 Thioglycollic Acid (TGA)

3.2.4 3-Mercaptopropionic Acid (MPA)

3.2.5 2,3-Dimercaptopropan-1-o1 (BAL)

3.2.6 Unithiol

3.2.7 Dimercaptosuccinic Acid

3.2.8 Ammonium Fluoride

3.2.9 Hydrogen Peroxide

3.2.10 Sodium or Potassium Hydroxide

3.3 Masking Reagents for Acid Solutions

3.3.1 Sodium or Ammonium Sulphate

3.3.2 Potassium Iodide

3.3.3 Sodium Thiosulphate

3.3.4 Thiourea

3.3.5 Thiosemicarbazide

3.3.6 1,10-Phenanthroline (Phen)

3.3.7 Derivatives of Salicylic Acid

3.3.8 Acetylacetone

3.3.9 Hydrogen Peroxide

3.4 Masking by Precipitation

3.5 Conclusions

Chapter 4 Separation Methods

4.1 Separation during Dissolution

4.2 Separation by Precipitation

4.3 Separation by Electrolysis

4.4 Separation on Ion-Exchangers

4.5 Separation by Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Chapter 5 Apparatus and Solutions

5.1 Glass and Plastic Ware

5.2 Reagents

5.2.1 Ethylenediaminetetra-Acetic Acid - EDTA

5.2.2 The Stability of Standard EDTA Solutions

5.2.3 Standardization of EDTA Solutions

5.2.4 Preparation of Other Standard Solutions

5.2.5 Preparation of Indicators

5.2.6 Buffers

Chapter 6 Classification of EDTA Complexes

6.1 Complexometry of Group I Cations

6.1.1 Zirconium

6.1.2 Hafnium

6.1.3 Thorium

6.1.4 Scandium

6.1.5 Bismuth

6.1.6 Iron

6.1.7 Uranium

6.1.8 Indium

6.1.9 Gallium

6.1.10 Thallium

6.1.11 Chromium

6.1.12 Titanium

6.1.13 Tin

6.1.14 Mercury

6.2 Complexometry of Group II Cations

6.2.1 Copper

6.2.2 Lead

6.2.3 Nickel

6.2.4 Cobalt

6.2.5 Zinc

6.2.6 Cadmium

6.2.7 Aluminum

6.2.8 Manganese

6.2.9 Molybdenum

6.2.10 Vanadium

6.2.11 The Rare-Earth Lanthanides (RE) - The Lanthanides

6.3 Complexometry of Group III Cations

6.3.1 Calcium and Magnesium

6.3.2 Strontium

6.3.3 Barium

6.3.4 Beryllium

6.3.5 Silver

6.3.6 Alkali Metals

6.3.7 Gold and the Platinum Metals

Chapter 7 The Complexometry of Anions

7.1 Fluoride

7.1.1 Determination of Fluoride as CaF2

7.1.2 Determination of Fluoride as PbClF

7.1.3 Determination of Fluoride as PbBrF

7.1.4 Determination of Fluoride as CeFo

7.1.5 Determination of Fluoride as LaF3(H2O)3

7.1.6 Direct Determination of Fluoride by Titration with Thorium Nitrate

7.1.7 Direct Determination of Fluoride with U(SO4)2 Solution

7.2 Determination of Sulphate

7.2.1 Determination of Sulphate as BaSO4

7.2.2 Determination of Sulphate as PbSO4

7·3 Determination of Phosphate

7.3.1 Determination of Phosphate as MgNH4PO4.6H2O

7.3.2 Determination of Phosphate as ZnNH4PO4.6H2O 233

7.3.3 Determination of Phosphate as BiPO4

7.3.4 Determination of Phosphate as Th3(PO4)4

7.3.5 Determination of Phosphate as Zr(HPO4)2 or ZrO(HPO4)

7.3.6 Determination of Phosphate by Precipitation Titration

Chapter 8 Analytical Applications

Chapter 9 Analysis of Alloys

9.1 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

9.1.1 Determination of Manganese

9.1.2 Determination of Zinc in Aluminum Alloys

9.1.3 Determinations of Aluminum in Binary Al-Zn Alloys (ALZINOY)

9.1.4 Determination of Lead and Bismuth in Aluminum Alloys

9.1.5 Analysis of Binary Alloys of Aluminum and Titanium

9.1.6 Analysis of Binary Alloys of Aluminum and Lanthanides

9.1.7 Analysis of Some other Aluminum Alloys

9.2 Iron and its Alloys

9.2.1 Analysis of Binary Master Alloys

9.2.2 Analysis of Steels and Cast Iron

9.3 Lead and Lead Alloys

9.3.1 Determination of Lead in the Presence of Other Metals

9.3.2 Determination of Lead in Lead Drosses

9.3.3 Determination of Lead in Accumulator Plates

9.3.4 Analysis of Simple Pb-Sn Alloys

9.3.5 Analysis of White Metals (Pb-Sn-Sb-Cu)

9.3.6 Analysis of Low-Melting Alloys

9.3.7 Analysis of Bi-Pb-Sn Alloys

9.3.8 Analysis of Low-Melting Pb-In Alloys

9·3·9 Analysis of Lead-Silver Alloys

9.3.10 Determination of Lead and Zinc in Brass and Bronzes

9.4 Copper and Copper Alloys

9.4.1 Determination of Tin in Bronze and Gun Metal

9.4.2 Determination of Lead in Brasses and Bronzes

9.4.3 Determination of Zinc and Copper in Cu-Zn Alloys

9.4.4 Determination of Zinc and Lead in Brasses

9.4.5 Determination of Cadmium in Copper Alloys

9.4.6 Determination of Manganese in Copper Alloys

9.4.7 Determination of Aluminum in Copper Alloys

9.4.8 Complete Analysis of Various Copper Alloys

Chapter 10 Analysis of Rocks and Minerals

10.1 Analysis of Limestones, Dolomites and Magnesites

10.1.1 Determination of Calcium in Magnesites

10.1.2 Determination of Magnesium in Dolomites and Limestones

10.1.3 Determination of CaO in Burnt Limestone Fluorspar and Cryolite

10.2.1 Analysis of Fluorite according to Nielsch

10.2.2 Analysis of Fluorite according to Povondra and Vébr

10.2.3 Determination of CaF2 in Fluorite

10.2.4 Analysis of Fluorites according to Steinhauser et Al.

10.2.5 Determination of Fluoride in Cryolite

10.3 Analysis of Phosphates

10.4 Analysis of Monazites

Chapter 11 Analysis of Silicates and Rocks

11.1 Partial Analysis of Silicates and Rocks

11.1.1 Aluminum

11.1.2 Calcium and Magnesium

11.1.3 Additional Methods

Chapter 12 Analysis of Slags

12.1 Determination of Individual Components in Slags

12.1.1 Calcium

12.1.2 Magnesium

12.1.3 Calcium and Magnesium

12.1.4 Aluminum

12.1.5 Titanium

12.1.6 Manganese

12.1.7 Metallic Iron

12.1.8 Magnesium and Magnesium oxide in Uranium Slags

12.2 Complete Analysis of Slags

12.2.1 Analysis of Basic Slags according to Wakamatsu

12.2.2 Analysis of Slags according to Endo

12.2.3 Analysis of Basic Slags

12.2.4 Analysis of Slags according to Pribil and Vesely

12.3 Combined Methods for Slag Analysis

12.3.1 Analysis of Cupola Slags

12.3.2 Analysis of Slags with High Manganese and Phosphorus Contents

Chapter 13 Analysis of Cements

13.1 Determination of CaO and MgO

13.2 Determination of Aluminum

13.3 Total Analysis of Cements

13.3.1 Analysis of Cements (Jugovic)

13.3.2 Rapid Analysis of Cements (Stiglitz and Cornet)

13.3.3 Analysis of Aluminosilicates (Debras-Guedon)

13.3.4 Analysis of Cements (Naidu and Sastry)

13.3.5 Complexometric Determination of Sulphate in Cements

Chapter 14 Analysis of Glasses

14.1 Determination of Calcium, Magnesium and Manganese in Glasses

14.2 Determination of Zirconium

14.3 Determination of Thorium

14.4 Determination of Thorium, Lanthanum, Barium and Boron

14.5 Partial Analyses of Glasses

Chapter 15 Analysis of Ores and Concentrates

15.1 Lead Ores and Concentrates

15.1.1 Lead in Galena

15.1.2 Determination of Lead and Sulphur in Galena

15.1.3 Determination of Lead in Ores

15.1.4 Determination of Lead in Ores after Ion-Exchange Separation

15.2 Zinc Ores and Concentrates

15.2.1 Determination of Zinc in Concentrates

15.2.2 Determination of Zinc in Ores

15.2.3 Determination of Sulphur in Zinc Concentrates

15.3 Zinc-lead Ores

15.4 Chromium Ores

15.4.1 Complete Complexometric Analysis of Chromium Ores

15.4.2 Analysis of Chromium ores according to Král

15.5 Manganese Ores

15.5.1 Determination of Manganese (Povondra and Pribil)

15.5.2 Determination of Manganese (Endo and Koroki)

15.5.3 Determination of Manganese after Ion-Exchange Separation

15.6 Analysis of Copper Ores

15.7 Determination of Ca and Mg in ores and Concentrates

Chapter 16 Analysis of Ferrites

16.1 Dissolution of Ferrites

16.2 Separation of Iron

16.3 Analysis of Individual Ferrites

16.3.1 Rapid Determination of Magnesium in Ferrites

16.3.2 Determination of Strontium in Sr-Ferrites

16.3.3 Determination of Zinc in Zn-Mn Ferrites

16.3.4 Analysis of Mn-Zn-Mg Ferrites

16.3.5 Analysis of Mn-Zn Ferrites

16.3.6 Analysis of Co-Mn-Mg Ferrites

16.3.7 Analysis of Co-Ba Ferrites

16.3.8 Analysis of Pb-Ni-Mg Ferrites

16.4 Potentiometric Analysis of Ferrites

Chapter 17 Analysis of Semiconductors

Chapter 18 Analysis of Catalysts

Chapter 19 Analysis of Pigments

Chapter 20 Analysis of Varnish Driers

Chapter 21 Analysis of Electroplating Solutions

21.1 Acid Baths

21.1.1 Analysis of Copper Plating Baths

21.1.2 Analysis of Nickel Plating Baths

21.1.3 Analysis of Zinc Plating Baths

21.1.4 Analysis of Tin Plating Baths

21.1.5 Analysis of Lead Plating Baths

21.2 Alkaline Baths

21.2.1 Analysis of Silver Plating Baths

21.2.2 Analysis of Copper Plating Solutions

21.2.3 Analysis of Zinc Plating Solutions

21.2.4 Analysis of Cadmium Plating Solutions

21.2.5 Analysis of Brass Plating Solutions

21.2.6 Analysis of Nickel Plating Solutions

21.2.7 Determination of Impurities in Brass and Nickel Baths

21.3 Analysis of Chromium Plating Solutions

21.4 Analysis of Special Plating Solutions

21.4.1 Analysis of Gallium-Indium Electrolytes

21.4.2 Analysis of Indium-Tin Electrolytes

21.4.3 Determination of Gallium in Gold Baths

21.4.4 Determination of Indium in Gold Baths

21.4.5 Determination of Indium, Nickel and Zinc in Gold Baths

21.4.6 Determination of indium, Nickel and Aluminum in Gold Baths

21.4.7 Analysis of Cyanide Gold Baths

21.4.8 Determination of Antimony in Gold-Antimony Baths

21.4.9 Determination of NTA and Cadmium in Cadmium Baths

21.4.10 Determination of Rochelle (Segnette) Salt

Chapter 22 Further Applications of Complexometry

22.1 Pharmaceutical Analysis

22.2 Clinical Analysis

22.3 Analysis of Foods



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© Pergamon 1982
1st January 1982
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Rudolf Přibil

About the Editor

Robert A. Chalmers

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