Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of vegetatively propagated crops V2

Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of vegetatively propagated crops V2

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editor: C. Broertjes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444601636

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Description

Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of Vegetatively Propagated Crops: An Interpretive Literature Review summarizes advances in the use of artificially induced mutations to improve cultivated plants, particularly those that are vegetatively propagated. It brings together all available and accessible references that examine the advantages, drawbacks, and possibilities of the mutation breeding method, as well as the challenges that prevent it from being applied to various crops. Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of various aspects of mutagenic treatment using chemical and physical mutagens. It then discusses the structure and functioning of shoot apices and their behavior after irradiation; adventitious bud techniques and other in vivo or in vitro methods of asexual propagation; and breeding of root and tuber crops, such as cassava and potato, ornamental crops such as foliage plants and cut flowers, fruit crops, and other crops. Plant breeders who want to better understand how to apply mutation breeding to their crops will find this book extremely helpful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Chapter 1. Various aspects of mutagenic treatment

    Chemical mutagens

    Physical mutagens

    Literature

    Chapter 2. Shoot apices: organization and post-irradiation behaviour

    Structure and functioning of shoot apices

    Behaviour of axillary and adventitious buds

    The position of a mutated cell within a plant; chimerism

    Rearrangements of cell layers

    Shoot apices after irradiation

    Patterns of radiation-induced morphological/histological damage and recovery

    The fate of a mutated apical cell

    Diplontic selection

    Literature

    Chapter 3. Adventitious bud techniques and other in vivo or in vitro methods of asexual propagation

    In vivo techniques

    Adventitious buds originating from one cell

    Adventitious buds originating from more than one cell

    Buds in ontogenetically young stages of development

    Various other methods

    The production of solid polyploids

    Literature

    In vitro techniques

    Mono-cell cultures

    Callus cultures

    Explant cultures

    Literature

    Chapter 4. Root and tuber crops

    Cassava

    Garlic

    Potato

    Spontaneous mutations

    Induced mutations

    Sweet potato

    Yam and various other (tropical) root and tuber crops

    Chapter 5. Ornamental crops

    General

    Tuber and bulb crops

    Amaryllus (Hippeastrum)

    Anemone

    Chionodoxa

    Crocus

    Dahlia variabilis

    Endymion

    Gladiolus

    Hyacinthus

    Iris

    Lilium

    Muscari

    Narcissus

    Ornithogalum

    Polyanthes

    Ranunculus

    Scilla

    Tulip

    Zephyranthus

    Pot plants

    Anthurium

    Begonia

    Bromeliaceae

    Cyclamen

    Euphorbia

    Fuchsia

    Gesneriaceae

    Hibiscus

    Kalanchoe

    Pelargonium

    Peperomia

    Rhododendron (including Azalea)

    Foliage plants

    Coleus

    Ficus

    Hedera

    Ferns

    Cut flowers

    Alstroemeria

    Carnation

    Chrysanthemum

    Freesia

    Gerbera

    Orchids

    Roses

    Garden plants

    Canna

    Portulaca

    Woody plants

    Trees and shrubs

    Conifers

    Chapter 6. Woody perennial and forest trees

    Broad leaved trees

    Coniferous trees

    Trees used in sericulture (Morus)

    Chapter 7. Fruit crops

    Temperate fruit crops

    Tree fruits

    General

    Apple

    Pear

    Apricot

    Cherry

    Olive

    Peach

    Various other tree fruits

    Rootstocks

    Small fruits

    Strawberry

    Brambles

    Blueberry and cranberry

    Currants

    Grapes

    Tropical fruit crops

    Banana

    Citrus

    Mango

    Pineapple

    Chapter 8. Other crops

    Peppermint

    Sisal

    Sugarcane

    Tea

    Grasses

    List of tables

    List of colour plates

    List of figures

    Index of references

    Index of plant names






Product details

  • No. of pages: 323
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444601636

About the Editor

C. Broertjes

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