Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of vegetatively propagated crops V2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444416186, 9780444601636

Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of vegetatively propagated crops V2

1st Edition

Editors: C. Broertjes
eBook ISBN: 9780444601636
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 323
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Description

Application of Mutation Breeding Methods in the Improvement of Vegetatively Propagated Crops: An Interpretive Literature Review summarizes advances in the use of artificially induced mutations to improve cultivated plants, particularly those that are vegetatively propagated. It brings together all available and accessible references that examine the advantages, drawbacks, and possibilities of the mutation breeding method, as well as the challenges that prevent it from being applied to various crops.
Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of various aspects of mutagenic treatment using chemical and physical mutagens. It then discusses the structure and functioning of shoot apices and their behavior after irradiation; adventitious bud techniques and other in vivo or in vitro methods of asexual propagation; and breeding of root and tuber crops, such as cassava and potato, ornamental crops such as foliage plants and cut flowers, fruit crops, and other crops. Plant breeders who want to better understand how to apply mutation breeding to their crops will find this book extremely helpful.

Table of Contents


Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1. Various aspects of mutagenic treatment

Chemical mutagens

Physical mutagens

Literature

Chapter 2. Shoot apices: organization and post-irradiation behaviour

Structure and functioning of shoot apices

Behaviour of axillary and adventitious buds

The position of a mutated cell within a plant; chimerism

Rearrangements of cell layers

Shoot apices after irradiation

Patterns of radiation-induced morphological/histological damage and recovery

The fate of a mutated apical cell

Diplontic selection

Literature

Chapter 3. Adventitious bud techniques and other in vivo or in vitro methods of asexual propagation

In vivo techniques

Adventitious buds originating from one cell

Adventitious buds originating from more than one cell

Buds in ontogenetically young stages of development

Various other methods

The production of solid polyploids

Literature

In vitro techniques

Mono-cell cultures

Callus cultures

Explant cultures

Literature

Chapter 4. Root and tuber crops

Cassava

Garlic

Potato

Spontaneous mutations

Induced mutations

Sweet potato

Yam and various other (tropical) root and tuber crops

Chapter 5. Ornamental crops

General

Tuber and bulb crops

Amaryllus (Hippeastrum)

Anemone

Chionodoxa

Crocus

Dahlia variabilis

Endymion

Gladiolus

Hyacinthus

Iris

Lilium

Muscari

Narcissus

Ornithogalum

Polyanthes

Ranunculus

Scilla

Tulip

Zephyranthus

Pot plants

Anthurium

Begonia

Bromeliaceae

Cyclamen

Euphorbia

Fuchsia

Gesneriaceae

Hibiscus

Kalanchoe

Pelargonium

Peperomia

Rhododendron (including Azalea)

Foliage plants

Coleus

Ficus

Hedera

Ferns

Cut flowers

Alstroemeria

Carnation

Chrysanthemum

Freesia

Gerbera

Orchids

Roses

Garden plants

Canna

Portulaca

Woody plants

Trees and shrubs

Conifers

Chapter 6. Woody perennial and forest trees

Broad leaved trees

Coniferous trees

Trees used in sericulture (Morus)

Chapter 7. Fruit crops

Temperate fruit crops

Tree fruits

General

Apple

Pear

Apricot

Cherry

Olive

Peach

Various other tree fruits

Rootstocks

Small fruits

Strawberry

Brambles

Blueberry and cranberry

Currants

Grapes

Tropical fruit crops

Banana

Citrus

Mango

Pineapple

Chapter 8. Other crops

Peppermint

Sisal

Sugarcane

Tea

Grasses

List of tables

List of colour plates

List of figures

Index of references

Index of plant names






Details

No. of pages:
323
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444601636

About the Editor

C. Broertjes