Anxiety and Behavior

Anxiety and Behavior

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Editor: Charles D. Spielberger
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258362

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Anxiety and Behavior focuses on the analysis of factors and conditions that contribute to anxiety, including stress, emotional disturbance, and psychosomatic disorders. The selection first offers information on theories and research on anxiety and the nature and measurement of anxiety. Topics include objective anxiety (fear) and neurotic anxiety, trends in anxiety research, anxiety and personality dynamics, and laws of anxiety change in pathological and other fields. The text then elaborates on questions and problems on the measurement of anxiety in children, including reservations about anxiety scales, concept of defense, and suggestions on the interpretation of anxiety scales. The publication reviews the psychosomatic aspects of anxiety, basis of psychopathology, and clinical origins of the activation concept. Discussions focus on anxiety and stress, observations of anxiety in men under stress, etiology of psychosomatic disorders, emotional disturbance, and activation. The text also considers conditioning and deconditioning of neurotic anxiety and interaction of cognitive and physiological determinants of emotional state. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of anxiety.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    Part I. Introduction

    Chapter 1. Theory and Research on Anxiety

    Current Trends in Anxiety Research

    Objective Anxiety (Fear) and Neurotic Anxiety

    State Anxiety and Trait Anxiety

    A Trait-State Conception of Anxiety


    Part II. The Nature and Measurement of Anxiety

    Chapter 2. Anxiety and Motivation: Theory and Crucial Experiments

    The Definition of Anxiety

    Laws of Anxiety Change in Pathological and Other Fields

    Anxiety and Personality Dynamics



    Chapter 3. The Measurement of Anxiety in Children: Some Questions and Problems

    Reservations About Anxiety Scales

    The Concept of Defense

    Some Suggestions Concerning the Interpretation of Anxiety Scales


    Chapter 4. Affect and Behavior: Anxiety as a Negative Affect

    Affect and Personality

    The Affect System as the Primary Motivational System

    Fear-Terror: Anxiety as an Affect



    Part III. Anxiety and Psychopathology

    Chapter 5. The Psychosomatic Aspects of Anxiety

    Observations of Anxiety in Men under Stress

    Early Investigations of Anxiety

    Anxiety and Stress

    The Nature of Anxiety

    Producing and Measuring Anxiety

    Anxiety and Defense

    The Etiology of Psychosomatic Disorders


    Chapter 6. The Basis of Psychopathology: Malconditioning or Misbehavior?

    A New Conception of Emotional Disturbance

    Choice, Responsibility, and Identity Crisis

    Psychological Science, Ancient Wisdom—and Folly


    Chapter 7. Studies of Anxiety: Some Clinical Origins of the Activation Concept


    Experiments with Psychiatric Patients Showing High Anxiety



    Chapter 8. The Conditioning and Deconditioning of Neurotic Anxiety

    Experimental Neuroses

    Human Neuroses as Learned Behavior

    The Deconditioning of Neurotic Anxiety

    Controlling Factors in the Conditioning and Deconditioning of Neurotic Anxiety Reactions

    Results of Therapy of Neurosis on a Conditioning Theory


    Part IV. The Determinants of Anxiety

    Chapter 9. The Interaction of Cognitive and Physiological Determinants of Emotional State


    Cognitive, Social and Physiological Determinants

    Physiological Arousal and Emotionality

    Sympathetic Activity and Emotionality in Rats

    Discussion and Implications

    Some Effects of Cognitive Factors on the Appraisal of Bodily States


    Chapter 10. The Study of Psychological Stress: A Summary of Theoretical Formulations and Experimental Findings

    The Theory of Psychological Stress

    Methodological Advances

    Psychodynamics of Stress

    Concluding Statement


    Chapter 11. Anxiety and the Interruption of Behavior

    Interruption Theory

    Previous Studies on the Effects of Interruption

    An Experiment on Substitute Behavior during Extinction

    An Experiment on Choice and Anxiety

    The Two Determinants of Anxiety


    Part V. The Effects of Anxiety on Behavior

    Chapter 12. The Motivational Components of Manifest Anxiety: Drive and Drive Stimuli

    A Theory of Emotionally Based Drive (D) and Its Relation to Performance in Classical Aversive Conditioning

    Extensions of the Theory of Emotionally Based Drive to Complex Learning Phenomena

    Manifest Anxiety and the Response Interference Hypothesis



    Chapter 13. Cognitive Responses to Internally Cued Anxiety

    Explanatory Accounts of Defensive Behavior

    Unresolved Issues


    Chapter 14. The Effects of Anxiety on Complex Learning and Academic Achievement

    Anxiety and Drive Theory

    The Effects of Anxiety on Performance in Complex Learning Tasks

    Implications for Drive Theory and Clinical Practice



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 430
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258362

About the Editor

Charles D. Spielberger

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