Antioxidants in Food, Vitamins and Supplements

Antioxidants in Food, Vitamins and Supplements

Prevention and Treatment of Disease

1st Edition - February 11, 2014

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  • Authors: Amitava Dasgupta, Kimberly Klein
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124059177
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128101049

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Description

Antioxidants in Food, Vitamins and Supplements bridges the gap between books aimed at consumers and technical volumes written for investigators in antioxidant research. It explores the role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of various diseases as well as antioxidant foods, vitamins, and all antioxidant supplements, including herbal supplements. It offers healthcare professionals a rich resource of key clinical information and basic scientific explanations relevant to the development and prevention of specific diseases. The book is written at an intermediate level, and can be easily understood by readers with a college level chemistry and biology background.

Key Features

  • Covers both oxidative stress-induced diseases as well as antioxidant-rich foods (not the chemistry of antioxidants)
  • Contains easy-to-read tables and figures for quick reference information on antioxidant foods and vitamins
  • Includes a glycemic index and a table of ORAC values of various fruits and vegetables for clinicians to easily make recommendations to patients

Readership

Primary: health care professionals including practicing physicians, resident physicians, nurse practitioners and pharmacists; Secondary: pathologists, clinical chemists and toxicologists will also buy the book because these health care professionals are interested in developing laboratory tests.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Free Radicals and the Body’s Antioxidant Defense

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Free Radicals

    1.3 The Body’s Antioxidant Defense

    1.4 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. Methods for Measuring Oxidative Stress in the Laboratory

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Measuring Total Antioxidant Capacity

    2.3 Markers of Oxidative Stress in Human Blood and Other Parameters

    2.4 Markers of Lipid Peroxidation

    2.5 Markers of Protein and DNA Damage

    2.6 Measurement of Antioxidant Enzymes and Other Compounds

    2.7 Electron Spin Resonance and Related Methods to Study Free Radicals

    2.8 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. Oxidative Stress Induced by Air Pollution and Exposure to Sunlight

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Composition of Polluted Air

    3.3 Outdoor Air Pollution is Linked to Many Diseases

    3.4 Indoor Air Quality is also Linked to Diseases

    3.5 Air Pollution and Diseases: Role of Oxidative Stress

    3.6 Air Quality: Seasonal Variation and Urban Versus Rural Area

    3.7 Air Quality Index: Cleanest and Dirtiest US Cities

    3.8 Exposure to Sunlight and the Ultraviolet Index

    3.9 Exposure to Sunlight, Oxidative Stress, and Skin Cancer

    3.10 Exposure to Sunlight, Oxidative Stress, and Ophthalmological Disorders

    3.11 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Oxidative Stress Caused by Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol Abuse, and Drug Abuse

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Cigarette Smoking in the United States and Related Health Hazards

    4.3 Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States

    4.4 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 5. Oxidative Stress Induced by Household Chemicals

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Various Household Products and Their Active Ingredients

    5.3 Glue and Solvent Abuse: A Significant Problem with Adolescents

    5.4 Skin Contact with Household Chemicals and Oxidative Stress

    5.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 6. Psychological Stress-Induced Oxidative Stress: Differences Between Personality Types, Gender, and Race

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Effect of Stress on HPA Axis, Cortisol, and Other Biomolecules

    6.3 Psychological Stress Induces Oxidative Stress: Role of Elevated Cortisol Level

    6.4 Effect of Personality Traits on Experiencing Psychological Stress

    6.5 Gender Difference in Experiencing Psychological Stress

    6.6 Cortisol and Ethnicity: Effect of Psychological Stress

    6.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 7. Oxidative Stress and Cardiovascular Diseases

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Oxidative Stress and Mechanism of Atherosclerosis

    7.3 Elevated Levels of Markers of Oxidative Stress in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases

    7.4 Exercise, Yoga, Oxidative Stress, and Cardiovascular Diseases

    7.5 Diet, Oxidative Stress, and Cardiovascular Diseases

    7.6 Dietary Supplements and Cardiovascular Diseases

    7.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8. Oxidative Stress and Cancer

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Link Between Oxidative Stress and Cancer

    8.3 Oxidative Stress Generated by Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Cancer Patients

    8.4 Bladder Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.5 Breast Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.6 Colon and Rectal Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.7 Kidney Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.8 Liver Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.9 Leukemia and Oxidative Stress

    8.10 Lung Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.11 Oral (Head and Neck) Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.12 Melanoma and Oxidative Stress

    8.13 Ovarian Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.14 Pancreatic Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.15 Prostate Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.16 Thyroid Cancer and Oxidative Stress

    8.17 Diet/Dietary Supplementation, Cancer, and Oxidative Stress

    8.18 Exercise, Cancer, and Oxidative Stress

    8.19 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 9. Diabetes and Oxidative Stress

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Various Types of Diabetes

    9.3 Elevated Markers of Oxidative Stress in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

    9.4 Hyperglycemia, Oxidative Stress, and Impaired Insulin Secretion

    9.5 Diabetic Complications, Morbidity, and Oxidative Stress

    9.6 Exercise, Oxidative Stress, and Diabetes

    9.7 Diet, Oxidative Stress, and Diabetes

    9.8 Antioxidant Supplementation, Oxidative Stress, and Diabetes

    9.9 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 10. Role of Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Diseases and Other Diseases Related to Aging

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Role of Oxidative Stress in Aging

    10.3 Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Neurodegenerative Diseases

    10.4 Parkinson’s Disease and Oxidative Stress

    10.5 Huntington Disease and Oxidative Stress

    10.6 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Oxidative Stress

    10.7 Alzheimer’s Disease and Oxidative Stress

    10.8 Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Eye Disease

    10.9 Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Hearing Loss

    10.10 Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Musculoskeletal System

    10.11 Oxidative Stress, the Integumentary System, and Skin Appendages

    10.12 Role of Genetic Variability and Lifestyle in Response to Oxidative Stress/Aging

    10.13 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 11. Oxidative Stress Related to Other Diseases

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Alcohol Abuse and Oxidative Stress

    11.3 Drug Abuse and Oxidative Stress

    11.4 Role of Oxidative Stress in Liver and Kidney Disease

    11.5 Elevated Oxidative Stress in Patients with Diseases Linked to Chronic Inflammation

    11.6 Increased Oxidative Stress in Patients with Asthma, COPD, and Related Diseases

    11.7 Oxidative Stress in Patients with Seizure

    11.8 Oxidative Stress in Transplant Patients

    11.9 Oxidative Stress in Psychiatric Disorders

    11.10 Other Diseases Linked to Elevated Oxidative Stress

    11.11 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 12. Fruits, Vegetables, and Nuts: Good Sources of Antioxidants

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Various Antioxidants in Fruits and Vegetables

    12.3 Organic Food Versus Processed Food

    12.4 Fruits and Vegetables Rich in Antioxidant Vitamins

    12.5 USDA Dietary Guidelines and Amount of Antioxidant Phytochemicals Consumed by Americans

    12.6 Relation Between Food and Vegetable Consumption and Reduced Oxidative Stress

    12.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. Tea, Coffee, and Chocolate: Rich Sources of Antioxidants

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Consumption of Tea and Coffee

    13.3 Chocolate: A Historical Perspective

    13.4 Tea, Coffee, and Chocolate: Glycemic Index

    13.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 14. Alcoholic Beverages: Antioxidant and Other Health Benefits of Moderate Consumption

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Alcoholic Beverages: Alcohol Content

    14.3 Antioxidants Present in Beer

    14.4 Antioxidants Present in Wine

    14.5 Alcohol Increases Antioxidant Levels in Strawberries and Blackberries

    14.6 Guidelines for Drinking in Moderation

    14.7 The French Paradox and Health Benefits of Drinking in Moderation

    14.8 Antioxidant and Pro-Oxidant Effects of Alcoholic Beverages

    14.9 Beneficial Effects of Alcohol on the Heart: Are These Effects Due To Polyphenolic Compounds Alone?

    14.10 Health Benefits of Dealcoholized Beverages

    14.11 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 15. Antioxidant Vitamins and Minerals

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Vitamin C: The Only Water-Soluble Antioxidant Vitamin

    15.3 Vitamin E: Fat-Soluble Antioxidant Vitamin

    15.4 Vitamin A and β-Carotene: Fat-Soluble Antioxidants

    15.5 Antioxidant Trace Element Selenium

    15.6 Is There Any Health Benefit to Antioxidant Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation?

    15.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 16. Herbal and Other Dietary Supplements That Are Antioxidants

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Antioxidant Herbal Supplements

    16.3 Other Antioxidant Supplements

    16.4 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 17. Combating Oxidative Stress with a Healthy Lifestyle

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Interaction with Friends/Family Members and Laughter to Reduce Stress

    17.3 Insomnia and Oxidative Stress: The Need for a Good Night’s Sleep

    17.4 Health Benefits of Pet Ownership and Human–Animal Interaction

    17.5 Meditation and Yoga to Combat Stress and Improve Antioxidant Defense

    17.6 Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise

    17.7 Aromatherapy and Massage for Stress Reduction

    17.8 Music for Stress Reduction

    17.9 Sex for Stress Reduction

    17.10 Leisurely Activities and Vacation for Stress Reduction

    17.11 Conclusion

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 360
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: February 11, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124059177
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128101049

About the Authors

Amitava Dasgupta

Amitava Dasgupta
Dr. Amitava Dasgupta received his Ph.D degree in Chemistry from Stanford University and received his medical training in Toxicology and Clinical Chemistry from the Laboratory Medicine Department of the University of Washington School Of Medicine at Seattle. He is board certified in both Toxicology and Clinical Chemistry by the American Board of Clinical Chemistry. He is a tenured Full Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center located at the Texas Medical Center at Houston. He is also the Director of Clinical Chemistry and Toxicology Laboratory of Memorial-Hermann Laboratory Services, the major clinical teaching hospital of the University of Texas. In addition, he is also the Medical Director of Memorial-TIRR Hospital laboratory services. Dr. Dasgupta has published over 235 scientific papers and edited, co-edited, authored or co-authored 20 books including books published by Elsevier. He is on the Editorial Board of five major medical journals including American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, Clinica Chimica Acta and Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis. He lectures both nationally and internationally on drug and alcohol testing and acts as an expert witness for the State of Texas for alcohol and drug related criminal prosecutions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA

Kimberly Klein

Kimberly Klein
Kimberly Klein received her undergraduate degree in nutrition from the University of Florida and her Doctoral of Medicine degree from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. She completed her residency training in the department of pathology at University of Texas Health Sciences Center and her sub-specialization training in the field transfusion medicine at Baylor College of Medicine. She is an Assistant Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center located at the Texas Medical Center at Houston. She has several published papers in field of pathology in the in Transfusion, surgical infection, disease of the month, and the Journal of Breast.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas – Houston Medical School, TX, USA

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