Antibiotics

Antibiotics

Origin, Nature and Properties

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Authors: Tadeusz Korzybski, Zuzanna Kowszyk-Gindifer, Wlodzimierz Kurylowicz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223049

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Description

Antibiotics; Origin, Nature and Properties, Volume II focuses on the principles of the classification of antibiotic substances. This volume is divided into four main topics—antibiotics produced by Fungi imperfecti, antibiotics produced by fungi belonging to the basidiomycetes and ascomycetes, antibiotics produced by lichens and algae, and antibiotics from higher plants. The antibiotics covered in this book include penicillin, viridicatin, cyclopaldic acid, cephalosporin P, bongkrek acid, chlamydosporine, and flammulin. The diploicin, chlorellin, chlorophorin, ethyl gallate, anacardic acid, and echinacosid are also described. Other antibiotics include the tuberosine, antifungal substance from field corn, fulvoplumerin, plumericin, and chinoc acid. This publication is recommended for pharmacists and specialists interested in the classification of antibiotics.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction

    Part III Antibiotics Produced by Fungi imperfecti

    A. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Penicillium

    Penicillin

    6-Aminopenicillanic Acid

    Semisynthetic Penicillins

    6-Benzylsulphonamidopenicillanic Acid

    2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl Penicillin

    2-Methoxy-1-Naphthamidopenicillin and 2-Ethoxy-1-Naphthamidopenicillin

    α-Aminobenzyl Penicillin

    3,4-Dichloro-α-Methoxybenzyl Penicillin

    α-Phenoxyethyl Penicillin

    α-Phenoxypropyl Penicillin

    Phenoxybenzyl Penicillin

    5-Methyl-3-o-Phenyl-4-Isoxazolyl Penicillin

    5-Methyl-3-o-Chlorophenyl-4-Isoxazolyl Penicillin

    2-Biphenylyl Penicillin

    Quinacillin

    Penicillic Acid

    Fumaryl-DL-Alanine

    Gentisyl Alcohol

    Cyclopaldic Acid

    Gladiolic Acid

    Mycophenolic Acid

    Brefeldins A and Β

    Hadacidin

    Variotin

    Spinulosin, syn. 6-Hydroxyfumigatin

    Phenicin

    Puberulic and Puberulonic Acid

    Stipitatic Acid

    Kojic Acid

    Patulin, syn. Clavacin, Clavatin, Claviformin, Expansin, Penicidin

    Citrinin, syn. Notalin

    Griseofulvin, syn. "Curling Factor", Fulcin, Grisovin, Grifulvin, Fulvicin, Likuden

    Mycelianamide

    Tardin

    Frequentin

    Herquein

    Frequentic Acid, syn. Citromycetin

    Xanthocillin

    Viridicatin

    Estin and Nordin

    Canescin

    Rugulosin

    Notatin, syn. Penicillin A, Penicillin B, Penatin, E. coli Factor, Corylophylin, P.L. Factor

    Cyanein

    Helenine

    Antibiotic M5-8450

    Carneolutescin

    Pulvilloric Acid

    Wortmannin

    Mycoins

    Notalysine

    Antibiotic X 29 C

    Trichocidin

    Albidin

    B. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Aspergillus (Fungi imperfecti)

    Fumigatin

    Mellein

    Aspergillic Acid

    Hydroxyaspergillic Acid

    Neohydroxyaspergillic Acid

    Flavipin

    Nidulin, Ustin, syn. Nornidulin, and Other Chlorine-Containing Metabolic Products of Aspergillus ustus

    Geodin

    Trypacidin

    Quadrilineatin

    Terreic Acid

    Fumagillin, syn. Phagopedin Sigma, Fugillin, Fumidil

    Helvolic Acid

    Avenaciolide

    Candidulin

    Aspergillin

    Aurantidin

    Gigantine

    Humicolin

    Mycocidin

    Proliferin and Variecolin

    Oryzacidin

    Welutinin

    Sterigmatocystin

    C. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Fusarium (Fungi imperfecti)

    Lycomarasmin

    Enniatins

    Lateritiin, Avenacein, Fructigenin, Sambucinin

    Javanicin, Oxyjavanicin, syn. Fusarubin

    Fusarinic Acid

    Bostrycoidin

    Poine

    Chlamydosporine

    Fusanin

    D. Antibiotics Isolated from Gliocladium, Cephalosporium, Alternaria, Trichothecium and Other Genera

    Aurantiogliocladin, Gliorosein and Rubrogliocladin

    Cephalosporin N, Synnematin Β

    Cephalosporin C

    Synnematins

    Gliotoxin and Gliotoxin Monoacetate

    Cordycepin

    Auxins

    Cephalosporin Ρ

    Cephalosporin R

    Cerulenin

    Verrucarin and Roridin

    Fucidin

    Alternaric Acid

    Antibiotic of Monosporium bonorden, syn. Monorden

    Viridin

    Trichothecin

    Trichodermin

    Rosein

    Glutinosin

    Zizanin

    Siccanin

    Pyrenophorin

    Ophiobolin

    Bongkrek Acid

    Fuscin

    Ramycin

    Antibiotics of Rhodotorula

    Malucidin

    Mycelin

    Achoricins

    Antibiotic Substances from Medusomyces gisewii

    Fuligonin

    Antibiotic from Cercospora beticola

    Part IV Antibiotics Produced by Fungi Belonging to the Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes

    Diatretyne

    Grifolin

    Nemotin, Nemotinic Acid, Nemotin A

    Quadrifidin

    Agrocybin

    Drosophilin A

    Sparassol

    6-Methyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone

    Lactarioviolin

    Nudic Acids

    Hirsutic Acid

    Illudins Μ and S

    Trichothecin-Like Antibiotic Τ

    Thermophyllin

    Ustilagic Acid

    Ustizeanine A and Β

    Marasmic Acid

    Oregonensin

    Pleurotin

    Ungulinic Acid

    Polyporenic Acid

    Baccatine

    Chaetomin

    Antibiotic from Lactaria rufa

    Tumour Inhibitors in Boletus edulis 1405

    Flammulin

    Calvacin

    Fomecin A

    Pleuromutilin

    Lenzitin

    Polystictin

    Indolomin

    Nebularine

    Ramealin

    Biformin and Biforminic Acid

    Destruin

    Polyporin

    Clitocybine

    Psalliotin

    Picacic Acid

    Dendrodochine

    Antibiotic from Coniophora cerebella

    Obtusin, Corticin, Irpexin, Grisic Acid, Pleurin

    Part V Antibiotics Produced by Lichens and Algae

    Compounds with Antibiotic Activity Obtained from Lichens

    Usnic Acid

    Dydimic Acid

    Diploicin

    Endocrocin

    Polyporic Acid

    Lecanorin A

    Chlorellin

    Antibacterial Substances from Tropical Marine Algae

    Part VI Antibiotics from Higher Plants

    Allicin, Allistatin

    Raphanin and Sulforaphen

    Cheirolin

    Canavanine

    Lupulon and Humulon

    Alamandin

    Chaulmoogric and Hydnocarpic Acids

    Bisabolol

    Antibiotic from Aristolochia sp.

    Ethyl gallate

    Caffeic Acid

    Anacardic Acid

    Trichocarpin

    Pinosylvine and its Monomethyl Ether

    Tetrahydroxystilbene

    Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid

    Curcumin

    Phloretin

    Chlorophorin

    Morellin

    Guttiferins

    Thymoquinone

    2-Methoxy-1,4-Naphthoquinone

    Juglone

    Plumbagin

    Pristimerin

    Rhein, syn. Cassic Acid

    Thujaplicins

    Nootkatin

    Parasorbic Acid

    Anemonin nad Protoanemonin

    Dicumarol

    Phaseollin

    Sesamin, Asarinin, Eudesmin, Pinoresinol, Syringaresinol

    Quercetin and Datiscetin

    Chlorophyll

    Alkaloids with Antibiotic Activity

    Berberine and Umbellatine

    Vinaline

    Demissine

    Echinacosid

    Hederin

    Cassilisin

    Cassilisidin

    Tomatine, syn. Licopersicine

    Solanocapsine

    Tuberosine

    Antiprotozoal Substance from Potato

    Antifungal Substance from Field Corn

    Antibacterial Principle of Withania somnifera

    Withaferin

    Chaksine

    Antibiotic Principle of Menispermum canadense

    Barbaloin

    Asiaticoside and Oxyasiaticoside

    Vegetable Tannins

    Antibiotic from Inula spiraeifolia

    Antibiotic Substance from Miconia sp. (Melastomaceae)

    Antibiotic from Spiraea aruncus

    Antibiotics from Fragaria Genus

    Xanthatin

    Crepin

    Plumericin

    Chinoc Acid

    Antibiotics from Arctium minus and Onopordon tauricum

    Antibiotic from Centaurea maculosa

    Antibiotic from Lapsana communis

    Podophyllotoxin

    Imanins and Novoimanin

    Secalonic and Chrysergic Acid

    Antibiotic from Asarum canadense

    Antifungal Substance from the Tissues of Vicia faba

    Garlicin

    Antitubercular Substances from Allium sp.

    Chamic Acid

    Fulvoplumerin

    Purothionin

    Canavalin

    Phytoncides

    Antibiotic from Cochlearia armoracia

    Antibiotics from Gramineae

    Antibiotic from Aucuba japonica

    Antibiotic from Zanthoxylum rhetsa

    Consatin-2

    Antibiotic Factor from Adhatoda vasica

    Antitubercular Substance from Occium sanctum

    Antitubercular Substances from the Leaves of Piper betle and Other Plants

    Antibiotic Compound from Gingko biloba

    Antibiotic from Tropaeolum maius

    Antibiotics from Woods of Brazilian Origin

    Dalbergion I and Dalbergion II

    Lapachol and Xyloidone

    Biflorin

    Urensin

    Selovicin

    Antifungal Substance from Tabernaemontana

    Antibiotic from Tanacetum balsamita L

    Fungistatic Substances from Leaf Exudates

    Eriodin

    Odorin

    Pterigospermin

    Antibacterial Properties of Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus

    Puchiin

    Rapine

    Simaroubidin

    Spirochin

    Trilobin

    Holothurin

    Antibiotic from Common Ragweed

    Antibiotic-Like Substance in Fermented Feeds and in Rumen Fluid

    Part VII Antibiotics from Animal Sources

    Anstipin and Ekstrazin

    Basic Peptide from Calf Thymus

    Substance Μ

    Ekmolin

    Haem Pigments

    Spermine

    Antibacterial Substance from "Castoreum"

    Erythrin

    Helicidin

    Antibiotic from Beroë cucumis Fabr.

    Insecticin

    Antibacterial Factors in Peptones

    Antibiotic Substance from Protein Hydrolysates

    Irydomyrmecin

    Antibiotic from Phormia terrae novae Larvae

    Crucin

Product details

  • No. of pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223049

About the Authors

Tadeusz Korzybski

Zuzanna Kowszyk-Gindifer

Wlodzimierz Kurylowicz

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