Antibiotics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483198019, 9781483223049

Antibiotics

1st Edition

Origin, Nature and Properties

Authors: Tadeusz Korzybski Zuzanna Kowszyk-Gindifer Wlodzimierz Kurylowicz
eBook ISBN: 9781483223049
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 536
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Description

Antibiotics; Origin, Nature and Properties, Volume II focuses on the principles of the classification of antibiotic substances. This volume is divided into four main topics—antibiotics produced by Fungi imperfecti, antibiotics produced by fungi belonging to the basidiomycetes and ascomycetes, antibiotics produced by lichens and algae, and antibiotics from higher plants.

The antibiotics covered in this book include penicillin, viridicatin, cyclopaldic acid, cephalosporin P, bongkrek acid, chlamydosporine, and flammulin. The diploicin, chlorellin, chlorophorin, ethyl gallate, anacardic acid, and echinacosid are also described. Other antibiotics include the tuberosine, antifungal substance from field corn, fulvoplumerin, plumericin, and chinoc acid.

This publication is recommended for pharmacists and specialists interested in the classification of antibiotics.

Table of Contents


Introduction

Part III Antibiotics Produced by Fungi imperfecti

A. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Penicillium

Penicillin

6-Aminopenicillanic Acid

Semisynthetic Penicillins

6-Benzylsulphonamidopenicillanic Acid

2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl Penicillin

2-Methoxy-1-Naphthamidopenicillin and 2-Ethoxy-1-Naphthamidopenicillin

α-Aminobenzyl Penicillin

3,4-Dichloro-α-Methoxybenzyl Penicillin

α-Phenoxyethyl Penicillin

α-Phenoxypropyl Penicillin

Phenoxybenzyl Penicillin

5-Methyl-3-o-Phenyl-4-Isoxazolyl Penicillin

5-Methyl-3-o-Chlorophenyl-4-Isoxazolyl Penicillin

2-Biphenylyl Penicillin

Quinacillin

Penicillic Acid

Fumaryl-DL-Alanine

Gentisyl Alcohol

Cyclopaldic Acid

Gladiolic Acid

Mycophenolic Acid

Brefeldins A and Β

Hadacidin

Variotin

Spinulosin, syn. 6-Hydroxyfumigatin

Phenicin

Puberulic and Puberulonic Acid

Stipitatic Acid

Kojic Acid

Patulin, syn. Clavacin, Clavatin, Claviformin, Expansin, Penicidin

Citrinin, syn. Notalin

Griseofulvin, syn. "Curling Factor", Fulcin, Grisovin, Grifulvin, Fulvicin, Likuden

Mycelianamide

Tardin

Frequentin

Herquein

Frequentic Acid, syn. Citromycetin

Xanthocillin

Viridicatin

Estin and Nordin

Canescin

Rugulosin

Notatin, syn. Penicillin A, Penicillin B, Penatin, E. coli Factor, Corylophylin, P.L. Factor

Cyanein

Helenine

Antibiotic M5-8450

Carneolutescin

Pulvilloric Acid

Wortmannin

Mycoins

Notalysine

Antibiotic X 29 C

Trichocidin

Albidin

B. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Aspergillus (Fungi imperfecti)

Fumigatin

Mellein

Aspergillic Acid

Hydroxyaspergillic Acid

Neohydroxyaspergillic Acid

Flavipin

Nidulin, Ustin, syn. Nornidulin, and Other Chlorine-Containing Metabolic Products of Aspergillus ustus

Geodin

Trypacidin

Quadrilineatin

Terreic Acid

Fumagillin, syn. Phagopedin Sigma, Fugillin, Fumidil

Helvolic Acid

Avenaciolide

Candidulin

Aspergillin

Aurantidin

Gigantine

Humicolin

Mycocidin

Proliferin and Variecolin

Oryzacidin

Welutinin

Sterigmatocystin

C. Antibiotics Isolated from the Genus Fusarium (Fungi imperfecti)

Lycomarasmin

Enniatins

Lateritiin, Avenacein, Fructigenin, Sambucinin

Javanicin, Oxyjavanicin, syn. Fusarubin

Fusarinic Acid

Bostrycoidin

Poine

Chlamydosporine

Fusanin

D. Antibiotics Isolated from Gliocladium, Cephalosporium, Alternaria, Trichothecium and Other Genera

Aurantiogliocladin, Gliorosein and Rubrogliocladin

Cephalosporin N, Synnematin Β

Cephalosporin C

Synnematins

Gliotoxin and Gliotoxin Monoacetate

Cordycepin

Auxins

Cephalosporin Ρ

Cephalosporin R

Cerulenin

Verrucarin and Roridin

Fucidin

Alternaric Acid

Antibiotic of Monosporium bonorden, syn. Monorden

Viridin

Trichothecin

Trichodermin

Rosein

Glutinosin

Zizanin

Siccanin

Pyrenophorin

Ophiobolin

Bongkrek Acid

Fuscin

Ramycin

Antibiotics of Rhodotorula

Malucidin

Mycelin

Achoricins

Antibiotic Substances from Medusomyces gisewii

Fuligonin

Antibiotic from Cercospora beticola

Part IV Antibiotics Produced by Fungi Belonging to the Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes

Diatretyne

Grifolin

Nemotin, Nemotinic Acid, Nemotin A

Quadrifidin

Agrocybin

Drosophilin A

Sparassol

6-Methyl-1,4-Naphthoquinone

Lactarioviolin

Nudic Acids

Hirsutic Acid

Illudins Μ and S

Trichothecin-Like Antibiotic Τ

Thermophyllin

Ustilagic Acid

Ustizeanine A and Β

Marasmic Acid

Oregonensin

Pleurotin

Ungulinic Acid

Polyporenic Acid

Baccatine

Chaetomin

Antibiotic from Lactaria rufa

Tumour Inhibitors in Boletus edulis 1405

Flammulin

Calvacin

Fomecin A

Pleuromutilin

Lenzitin

Polystictin

Indolomin

Nebularine

Ramealin

Biformin and Biforminic Acid

Destruin

Polyporin

Clitocybine

Psalliotin

Picacic Acid

Dendrodochine

Antibiotic from Coniophora cerebella

Obtusin, Corticin, Irpexin, Grisic Acid, Pleurin

Part V Antibiotics Produced by Lichens and Algae

Compounds with Antibiotic Activity Obtained from Lichens

Usnic Acid

Dydimic Acid

Diploicin

Endocrocin

Polyporic Acid

Lecanorin A

Chlorellin

Antibacterial Substances from Tropical Marine Algae

Part VI Antibiotics from Higher Plants

Allicin, Allistatin

Raphanin and Sulforaphen

Cheirolin

Canavanine

Lupulon and Humulon

Alamandin

Chaulmoogric and Hydnocarpic Acids

Bisabolol

Antibiotic from Aristolochia sp.

Ethyl gallate

Caffeic Acid

Anacardic Acid

Trichocarpin

Pinosylvine and its Monomethyl Ether

Tetrahydroxystilbene

Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid

Curcumin

Phloretin

Chlorophorin

Morellin

Guttiferins

Thymoquinone

2-Methoxy-1,4-Naphthoquinone

Juglone

Plumbagin

Pristimerin

Rhein, syn. Cassic Acid

Thujaplicins

Nootkatin

Parasorbic Acid

Anemonin nad Protoanemonin

Dicumarol

Phaseollin

Sesamin, Asarinin, Eudesmin, Pinoresinol, Syringaresinol

Quercetin and Datiscetin

Chlorophyll

Alkaloids with Antibiotic Activity

Berberine and Umbellatine

Vinaline

Demissine

Echinacosid

Hederin

Cassilisin

Cassilisidin

Tomatine, syn. Licopersicine

Solanocapsine

Tuberosine

Antiprotozoal Substance from Potato

Antifungal Substance from Field Corn

Antibacterial Principle of Withania somnifera

Withaferin

Chaksine

Antibiotic Principle of Menispermum canadense

Barbaloin

Asiaticoside and Oxyasiaticoside

Vegetable Tannins

Antibiotic from Inula spiraeifolia

Antibiotic Substance from Miconia sp. (Melastomaceae)

Antibiotic from Spiraea aruncus

Antibiotics from Fragaria Genus

Xanthatin

Crepin

Plumericin

Chinoc Acid

Antibiotics from Arctium minus and Onopordon tauricum

Antibiotic from Centaurea maculosa

Antibiotic from Lapsana communis

Podophyllotoxin

Imanins and Novoimanin

Secalonic and Chrysergic Acid

Antibiotic from Asarum canadense

Antifungal Substance from the Tissues of Vicia faba

Garlicin

Antitubercular Substances from Allium sp.

Chamic Acid

Fulvoplumerin

Purothionin

Canavalin

Phytoncides

Antibiotic from Cochlearia armoracia

Antibiotics from Gramineae

Antibiotic from Aucuba japonica

Antibiotic from Zanthoxylum rhetsa

Consatin-2

Antibiotic Factor from Adhatoda vasica

Antitubercular Substance from Occium sanctum

Antitubercular Substances from the Leaves of Piper betle and Other Plants

Antibiotic Compound from Gingko biloba

Antibiotic from Tropaeolum maius

Antibiotics from Woods of Brazilian Origin

Dalbergion I and Dalbergion II

Lapachol and Xyloidone

Biflorin

Urensin

Selovicin

Antifungal Substance from Tabernaemontana

Antibiotic from Tanacetum balsamita L

Fungistatic Substances from Leaf Exudates

Eriodin

Odorin

Pterigospermin

Antibacterial Properties of Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus

Puchiin

Rapine

Simaroubidin

Spirochin

Trilobin

Holothurin

Antibiotic from Common Ragweed

Antibiotic-Like Substance in Fermented Feeds and in Rumen Fluid

Part VII Antibiotics from Animal Sources

Anstipin and Ekstrazin

Basic Peptide from Calf Thymus

Substance Μ

Ekmolin

Haem Pigments

Spermine

Antibacterial Substance from "Castoreum"

Erythrin

Helicidin

Antibiotic from Beroë cucumis Fabr.

Insecticin

Antibacterial Factors in Peptones

Antibiotic Substance from Protein Hydrolysates

Irydomyrmecin

Antibiotic from Phormia terrae novae Larvae

Crucin

Details

No. of pages:
536
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1967
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483223049

About the Author

Tadeusz Korzybski

Zuzanna Kowszyk-Gindifer

Wlodzimierz Kurylowicz