Animal Life-Cycle Feeding and Nutrition

Animal Life-Cycle Feeding and Nutrition

1st Edition - May 1, 1984

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  • Author: Author Unknown
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138918

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Description

Animal Life-Cycle Feeding and Nutrition reviews developments in feeding and nutrition throughout an animal's life cycle and covers a wide range of topics, from utilization of nutrients such as carbohydrates and proteins to nutrient digestion by ruminants, swine, poultry, and horses. Feedstuffs such as pasture and harvested forages, protein concentrates, and cereal and sorghum grains are also discussed. Comprised of 21 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on nutrients and their utilization, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and minerals and vitamins. Nutrient digestion by ruminants, swine, poultry, and horses are then compared and feedstuffs for livestock are evaluated. The next section deals with feedstuffs such as pasture and harvested forages, protein concentrates, and cereal and sorghum grains, together with molasses, manure, and other miscellaneous feed ingredients. The remaining chapters explore the effect of processing on the nutrient value of feedstuffs; balancing of rations; and feeding of animals including swine, beef and dairy cattle, poultry, sheep, horses, dogs, and goats. This monograph is designed for students of animal sciences, for veterinary students as well as doctors of veterinary medicine, and for practitioners of livestock feeding.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    I The Nutrients and their Utilization

    1 Carbohydrates

    I. Types

    II. Digestion

    III. Absorption

    IV. Metabolism

    V. Conversion to Fat

    VI. Lactic Acidosis

    2 Lipids

    I. Composition

    II. Properties of Fats and Fatty Acids

    III. Associated Compounds

    IV. Digestion

    V. Storage

    VI. Oxidation

    VII. Ketosis and Lipid Metabolism

    VIII. Fat from Carbohydrates and Protein

    IX. Functions

    3 Proteins

    I. Digestion

    II. Essential Versus Nonessential Amino Acids

    III. Absorbed Amino Acids

    IV. Fate of Amino Nitrogen—The Urea Cycle

    V. Biological Value

    VI. Specific Dynamic Action

    References

    4 Minerals

    I. Calcium

    II. Phosphorus

    III. Potassium

    IV. Sodium

    V. Chlorine

    VI. Magnesium

    VII. Sulfur

    VIII. Iodine

    IX. Iron

    X. Zinc

    XI. Manganese

    XII. Copper

    XIII. Cobalt

    XIV. Selenium

    XV. Fluorine

    XVI. Molybdenum

    References

    5 Vitamins

    I. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

    II. Water-Soluble Vitamins

    References

    6 Comparative Digestion of Nutrients by Ruminants, Swine, Poultry, and Horses

    I. Ruminant Digestion

    II. Metabolic Disorders of Ruminants

    III. Poultry Digestion

    IV. Horse Digestion

    References

    7 Evaluation of Feedstuffs for Livestock

    I. Proximate Analysis

    II. Animal Feeding Trials

    III. Digestion, Balance, and Metabolism Trials

    IV. In Vitro Trials

    V. Fistulated Animals

    VI. Measures of Feed Energy

    II Feedstuffs

    8 Pasture and Harvested Forages

    I. Pastures

    II. Hay and Pasture Grasses

    III. Legumes for Forage

    IV. Corn and the Sorghums for Forage

    References

    9 Cereal and Sorghum Grains and Their By-Products

    I. Yellow Corn

    II. Grain Sorghums

    III. Oats

    IV. Wheat

    V. Barley

    10 Protein Concentrates

    I. Plant Sources

    II. Animal Sources

    III. Chemical Sources

    11 Miscellaneous Feed Ingredients

    I. Molasses and Similar Products

    II. Other Molasses-Like Products

    III. Potatoes

    IV. Sweet Corn Cannery Residue

    V. Animal Wastes (Manure)

    VI. Grain Elevator Dust

    VII. Other Miscellaneous Feedstuffs

    References

    12 Effect of Processing on the Nutrient Value of Feedstuffs

    I. Heat Treatment

    II. Fermentation

    III. Pelleting and Crumbling

    IV. Achieving Rumen Bypass by Treating Proteins with Aldehydes and Tannins

    V. Treating Lignocellulosic Materials

    VI. Effect of Processing on Molasses

    VII. Steam Flaking, Roasting, Popping, and Extrusion of Grains

    VIII. Ensiling High-Moisture Corn

    IX. Processing Feeds for Dairy Cattle

    X. Processing Feeds for Horses

    References

    13 Balancing Rations

    I. Basic Information

    II. Establishing Nutrient Requirements

    III. Obtaining Feed Ingredient Analyses

    IV. Filling in the Formulation Chart

    V. Balancing More than Two Unknowns

    VI. Utilizing Fixed Ingredients

    VII. Balancing A Ration for Two Nutrients Using Three Feeds

    VIII. Balancing An Entire Ration for Energy, Protein, Ca, and P

    IX. Vitamin and Trace Mineral Premixes

    III Feeding of Animals

    14 Swine

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Feeding the Sow

    III. Weaning the Pigs

    IV. Growing Finisher Diets

    V. Feeding the Boar

    15 Beef Cattle

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Feeding Breeding Cattle

    III. Feeding Stocker Cattle

    IV. Feeding Finishing Cattle

    16 Dairy Cattle

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Raising Young Calves

    III. Feeding Mature Cows

    IV. Veal Calves

    17 Poultry

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Feeding Laying Chickens

    III. Feeding Turkeys

    References

    18 Sheep

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Feeding Ewes

    III. Feeding Young Lambs

    IV. Feeding Finishing Lambs

    V. Effect of Nutrition on Wool Production

    19 Horses

    I. Digestive System

    II. Nutrient Requirements

    III. Feedstuffs

    IV. Preparation of Feeds

    V. Feeding the Brood Mare

    VI. Feeding the Stallion

    VII. Feeding the Young Horse

    20 Dogs

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Types of Dog Foods

    21 Goats

    I. Nutrient Requirements

    II. Herbage and Browse Utilization

    III. Ration Formulation and Examples of Typical Diets

    IV. Nutrition-Related Metabolic Disorders

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 319
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: May 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138918

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