Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis

Techniques and Applications

1st Edition - February 17, 1984

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  • Editor: Kent J Voorhees
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192284

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Description

Analytical Pyrolysis: Techniques and Applications provides an overview of analytical pyrolysis applied to geochemistry, biology, polymers, and biomass. This book presents a survey of basic phenomena, data analysis, and instrumentation. Organized into 15 chapters, this book begins with an overview of mass spectrometry in developing ion sources that are applicable to materials that either have low volatility, high molecular weight, are thermally unstable or some combination of the three. This text then examines the role of thermal processes in many of the desorption methods. Other chapters consider desorption techniques, which are closely allied to analytical pyrolysis. This book discusses as well the Flash Vacuum Pyrolysis/Field Ionization Mass Spectrometry (FVP/FIMS) technique, which is based on a direct link between the pyrolysis unit and a double focusing mass spectrometer. The final chapter deals with inert atmosphere poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) thermal decomposition. This book is a valuable resource for chemists and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    List of Contributors

    1. Solid State Mass Spectrometry Using a Laser Microprobe

    2. Pyrolysis and Desorption Mass Spectrometry

    3. Gas Phase Curie Point Pyrolysis

    4. Fourier Transform Infrared Evolved Gas Analysis (FT-IR-EGA)—Another Pyrolytic Tool

    5. Analytical Pyrolysis of Coal Using FT-IR

    6. Numerical Techniques for Processing Pyrolysis Mass Spectra Data

    7. Heat Transfer Mechanisms for Analytical Pyrolysis

    8. Application of Analytical Pyrolysis Techniques to Kerogen Characterization and Fossil Fuel Exploration/Exploitation

    9. Geochemical Logging

    10. Pyrolysis-Collisionally Activated Dissociation Mass Spectrometry of Organic Model Compounds and Bacterial Samples

    11. Potential Applications of Curie Point Pyrolysis Mass Spectrometry with Emphasis on Food Science

    12. Studies of the Pyrolysis Behavior of Condensed Phase Fuels with Applications to Fuel Conversion Technology

    13. Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatographic Studies on the Microstructures of Stereospecific Polypropylenes

    14. Practical Analytical Pyrolysis Applications for the Polymer Industry

    15. Studies of Volatile Pyrolyzate, Smoke and Char Formation in Poly (Vinyl Chloride)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1984
  • Published: February 17, 1984
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192284

About the Editor

Kent J Voorhees

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  • shushay h. Tue Dec 26 2017

    pyrolysis of waste polymers

    The demand of world plastic production increased every year due to the vast applications in many sectors and daily activities. The continuous demand of plastics caused the plastic wastes accumulation in the landfill consumed a lot of spaces that contributed to the environmental problem, incineration waste plastics also cause health impact for human and animal health. The rising in plastics demand led to the depletion of petroleum as part of non-renewable fossil fuel since plastics are petroleum-based material. Some alternatives that have been developed to manage plastic wastes are recycling and energy recovery method. However, there are some drawbacks of the recycling method as it required high labor cost for the separation process and caused water contamination that reduced the process sustainability. Due to these downsides, the energy recovery method to compensate the high energy demand is the suitable and sustainable solution. Through extensive investigation and technology development, the plastic waste conversion to energy becomes vulnerable issue. As petroleum is the main source of plastic manufacturing, the recovery of plastic to liquid oil through pyrolysis process had a great potential since the oil produced had high calorific value comparable with the commercial fuel. This paper reviewed the pyrolysis process of plastics and tires and the main process parameters that influenced the final end product. In addition the depolymerization mechanisms, properties and composition of the recycled oil and other by products are discussed.