Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products

Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products

Volume II

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editor: Clarence Karr
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273167

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Description

Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products, Volume II, aims to provide a detailed presentation of what constitutes the first comprehensive reference work devoted exclusively to the subject of analytical methodology for coal and coal products. The various chapters have been arranged according to either a specific coal process or a specific coal use problem. The topics discussed include the structure of coal and coal products, minerals in coal, coal carbonization products, and coal combustion products. The general philosophy of this work is to strike a balance between sophisticated analyses based on expensive instrumentation such as mass or nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometers, and the more common, less expensive equipment typically employed in the standard methods. Likewise there is an attempt to strike a balance between the expertise available from within the United States and that found in other countries, offering a broader viewpoint. Altogether, a large number of cross references have been entered in these chapters to enable the reader to make maximum use of pertinent information in all of the chapters.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume I

    Part V Structure of Coal and Coal Products

    Chapter 20 Analysis of the Organic Substance of Coals: Problems Posed by the Presence of Mineral Matter

    I. Introduction

    II. Reactivity of Coal Mineral Matter

    III. Definitions of Ultimate Analyses

    IV. Information Required for a dmmf Analysis

    V. Optimum and Approximate Procedures for Computing dmmf Analyses

    VI. The Problem of Organic Oxygen

    VII. Participation by Mineral Matter in Reactions of the Organic Substance of Coals

    References

    Chapter 21 Analysis of Organic Compounds Trapped in Coal, and Coal Oxidation Products

    I. Introduction

    II. Analytical Methods

    III. Analysis of Trapped Organic Compounds in Coals and Pyrolysis Products

    IV. Analysis of Oxidation Products

    V. Determination of Aromaticity of Coal by Fluorination

    References

    Chapter 22 Assessment of Structures in Coal by Spectroscopic Techniques

    I. Introduction

    II. Spectroscopic Techniques

    III. Assessment of Coal Structure

    References

    Chapter 23 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    III. Experimental Methods

    IV. Interpretation of Spectra

    V. Selected Applications of NMR to Coal and Coal Products

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 24 High Resolution 1H-, 2H-, and 13C-NMR in Coal Research

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Methods

    III. The Determination of Carbon Aromaticity

    IV. Estimation of Mean Structural Units

    V. 13C-NMR—Improvements in Resolution, 1968-1977

    VI. Applications

    VII. Summary and Prognosis

    References

    Chapter 25 Separation and Spectroscopy of Paraffinic Hydrocarbons from Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Extraction and Separation of Paraffinic Hydrocarbons from Coal and Coal Products

    III. Subfractionation of Coal Paraffins

    IV. Characterization of Alkanes by Gas Chromatography

    V. Spectroscopic Examination of Coal Paraffins

    VI. The Distribution of Paraffins in Coal and Coal Products

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    Part VI Minerals in Coal

    Chapter 26 Analysis of Mineral Matter in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Separation of Minerals from Coal

    III. Analytical Procedures

    References

    Chapter 27 Separation and Identification of Minerals from Lignites

    I. Background and Present Status of Information

    II. Mineral Separation

    III. Mineral Identification

    IV. Suggested Procedures

    References

    Chapter 28 Procedures for Analysis of Respirable Dust as Related to Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurement of Respirable Coal Dust Weight

    III. Free Silica

    IV. Trace Elements

    V. Organic Components

    VI. Other Methods

    VII. Summary

    References

    Part VII Coal Carbonization Products: Coke, Pitch

    Chapter 29 Analysis of Metallurgical Cokes

    I. Introduction

    II. Sampling and Sample Preparation

    III. Chemical Analysis

    IV. Physical Tests

    V. Mechanical Properties

    VI. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 30 The Formation and Properties of Anisotropic Cokes from Coals and Coal Derivatives Studied by Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. The Formation and Properties of Anisotropic Cokes

    References

    Chapter 31 Optical Properties of Carbonized Vitrinites

    I. Introduction

    II. The Carbonization Process

    III. Equipment and Methods

    IV. The Response of the Optical Properties of Vitrinites to Carbonization

    V. Discussion

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 32 Reactivity of Heat-Treated Coals

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Measurement of Reactivity

    III. Selected Experimental Results

    References

    Chapter 33 Analysis of Coal Tar Pitches

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods of Pitch Production

    III. Types of Pitches

    IV. Fields of Application of Coal Tar Pitches

    V. Solvent Analysis of Pitches

    VI. Analysis and Testing of Coal Tar Pitches

    References

    Chapter 34 Analysis of Coal Tar Binders for Electrodes

    I. Carbon Electrode Manufacture

    II. Production of Coal Tar Pitch

    III. Pitch Binder Properties

    IV. Flow Properties of Carbon Paste

    V. Evaluation of Test Electrodes

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Part VIII Coal Combustion Products

    Chapter 35 Sampling and Analysis of Emissions from Fluidized-Bed Combustion Processes—Part 1

    I. Introduction

    II. Generic Fluidized-Bed Combustion Processes

    III. A Phased Approach to Sampling and Analysis

    IV. Selection of FBC Process Streams for Sampling and Analysis

    V. Areas of Analytical Interest

    References

    Chapter 36 Sampling and Analysis of Emissions from Fluidized-Bed Combustion Processes—Part 2

    I. Introduction

    II. Sampling Program

    III. Analytical Program

    References

    Chapter 37 Thermal Analysis of Coal and Coal Ashes

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Principles of Thermal Analysis Methods: DTA, TG, and DTG

    III. Preparing the Specimens for Analysis

    IV. Thermoanalytical Methodology for Coals

    V. Thermal Analysis of Coal Ashes

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 686
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273167

About the Editor

Clarence Karr

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