Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products

Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products

1st Edition - January 28, 1978

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  • Editor: Clarence Jr. Karr
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144896

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Description

Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products, Volume I presents the analytical problems and methods for coal and its numerous products. This book discusses the technological importance of the measurement of the physical properties of coal. Organized into four parts encompassing 19 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the petrographic analysis of coal wherein it involves two distinctive methods, namely, the reflected light and the transmitted light techniques. This text then discusses the means and methods of reflectance determination and proceeds to outline some of the results obtained and conclusions derived from them about the nature of coal. Other chapters explain the mechanical properties of coal, which are measured in order to predict its behavior in coal mines, coal winning, coal storage, coal comminution, coal handling, briquetting and agglomeration, and several other situations. The final chapter deals with the characterization of the liquid products of coal conversion. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, chemists, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume II

    Part I Physical Properties of Coal

    Chapter 1 Petrographic Techniques in Coal Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Reflected Light and Transmitted Light Techniques

    III. Preparation of Polished Sections

    IV. Preparation of Thin Sections

    V. Maceral Analysis

    VI. Reflectance Measurement

    VII. Fluorescence Microscopy

    VIII. Petrographic Analysis by Thin Section Techniques

    References

    Chapter 2 The Reflectance of Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Optical Properties of Vitrinite and Other Macerals

    III. Early Approaches to the Measurement of Reflectance

    IV. Microphotometric Apparatus and Accessories

    V. Procedures for the Determination of Reflectance

    VI. Innovations in Reflectance Determination

    VII. Automated Reflectance Microscopy of Coal

    VIII. Applications of Reflectance Determinations

    References

    Chapter 3 Physical Property Measurements on Coals, Especially Brown Coals

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanical Properties

    III. Thermal Properties

    IV. Mass Diffusivity

    V. Density and Porosity

    VI. Colloidal Properties

    List of Symbols

    References

    Chapter 4 Porosity of Coals and Coal Products

    I. Introduction

    II. Densities of Coals and Chars

    III. Surface Area

    IV. Pore Size Distribution

    V. Selected Experimental Results

    References

    Chapter 5 Methane Diffusion in Coals and Chars

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory of Molecular Flow in Coal and Coal Products

    III. Experimental Methods to Measure Molecular Flow in Coal and Coal Products

    IV. Selected Experimental Results

    References

    Part 11 Proximate and Ultimate Analysis of Coals

    Chapter 6 Standard Laboratory Test Methods for Coal and Coke

    I. Introduction

    II. Laboratory Sample Preparation

    III. Proximate Analysis

    IV. Ultimate Analysis

    V. Determination of Calorific Value

    VI. Determination of Carbon Dioxide

    VII. Determination of Forms of Sulfur

    VIII. Determination of Chlorine

    IX. Determination of True Specific Gravity

    X. Determination of Grindability

    XI. Determination of Ash Fusibility

    XII. Coal Classification

    XIII. Determination of Free-Swelling Tests

    Appendix A: ASTM Standards Discussed in This Chapter

    Appendix B: International Standards Discussed in This Chapter

    Appendix C: International Recommendations Not Yet Transformed to Standards

    References

    Chapter 7 Moisture in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of the Water Bonding in Coals

    III. Determination of Moisture Content

    IV. Determination of Moisture-Holding Capacity

    References

    Chapter 8 The Oxygen-Flask Method of Determining Total Sulfur in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental

    III. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9 Analytical Procedures for Sulfur in Coal Desulfurization Products

    I. Introduction

    II. Importance of Determining Sulfur in Coal and Coal Desulfurization Products

    III. States of Combination of Sulfur in Coal and Coal Desulfurization Products

    IV. Determination of Total Sulfur in Coal and Coke

    V. Determination of Forms of Sulfur in Coal and Coke

    VI. Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Products

    References

    Chapter 10 Methods of Determining Chlorine in Different States of Combination in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. States of Combination of Chlorine in Coals

    III. Determination of Total Chlorine

    IV. Determination of Chlorine Linked to Organic Compounds in the Coal Substance

    V. Accurate Determination of Inorganic Chlorine

    References

    Part III Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Products

    Chapter 11 X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Coal and Coal Related Problems

    I. X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    II. Application of XPS to Coal Problems

    References

    Chapter 12 Neutron Activation Analysis of Trace Elements in Coal, Fly Ash, and Fuel Oils

    I. Introduction

    II. Instrumentation

    III. Basic Instrumental NAA Procedures for Coal, Fly Ash, and Fuel Oils

    IV. Special Postirradiation Sample Treatments Selected Elements

    V. Results and Discussion

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13 Trace Impurities in Coal and Fly Ash by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry

    I. Overview of Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry

    II. Spark Source Mass Spectrometry (SSMS)

    III. Thermal Emission Mass Spectrometry (TEMS)

    References

    Chapter 14 Spark Source Mass Spectrometry and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry for the Determination of Trace Elements in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Description of Instrumental Techniques

    III. Analytical Procedure

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 15 A Washability and Analytical Evaluation of Potential Pollution from Trace Elements in Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Work

    III. Experimental Results: Washability Data

    IV. Discussion of Results

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Part IV Coal-Derived Liquids

    Chapter 16 Characterizing Syncrudes from Coal

    I. Introduction

    II. Separation of Materials

    III. Characterization of Materials

    IV. Mass Spectral Analysis

    V. Other Instrumentation

    VI. Summary

    References

    Chapter 17 Chemical Characterization of Synthoil Feeds and Products

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental

    III. Results

    IV. Conclusions

    Referenced

    Chapter 18 The Distribution of Some Trace Elements in the One-Half Ton per Day Synthoil Process Development Unit

    I. Introduction

    II. Synthoil Process

    III. Sampling

    IV. Analytical Methods

    V. Results and Discussion

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 19 Method for the Determination of Benzene Insolubles, Asphaltenes, and Oils in Coal-Derived Liquids

    I. Introduction

    II. Solvent Analysis Determination

    III. Discussion

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144896

About the Editor

Clarence Jr. Karr

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