Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444530523, 9780080549705

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle, Volume 62

1st Edition

Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

Series Volume Editors: Mira Petrovic Sandra Perez Damia Barcelo
Series Editors: Mira Petrovic Damia Barcelo
eBook ISBN: 9780080549705
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444530523
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 3rd September 2007
Page Count: 600
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Table of Contents

Proposed Contents

  1. Introduction: Pharmaceuticals in the environment
    1.1. General introduction on pharmaceuticals
  2. therapeutic groups
  3. production and consumption rates
  4. excretion rates
    1.2. Pharmaceuticals in the environment: sources and their management
  5. sources and pathways for pharmaceuticals to the environment
  6. the means for minimizing these sources (e.g. pollution prevention)
  7. Analysis of Pharmaceuticals as Environmental Contaminants
    2.1. Analysis of antibiotics in aqueous samples
  8. sample preparation of waste/surface/drinking water
    2.2. Analysis of antibiotics in solid samples
  9. sample preparation of soil/sediment/sludge samples
    2.3. Analysis of acidic drugs (analgesics/anti-inflammatory drugs, blood lipid reducing agents and others) by LC
  10. sample preparation
  11. LC-MS methods
  12. LC-MS/MS methods
    2.4. Analysis of acidic drugs (analgesics/anti-inflammatory drugs, blood lipid reducing agents and others) by GC (including sample preparation and derivatization)
    2.5. Analysis of neutral and basic pharmaceuticals
  13. analysis of aqueous samples (extraction, clean up)
  14. analysis of solid samples
    2.6. Analysis of steroids/hormones
    2.7. Analysis of X-ray contrast agents
    2.8. Application of bioassays/biosensors for the analysis of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples
  15. Fate and Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle
    3.1. Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the aqueous environment
  16. wastewater
  17. surface
  18. drinking water
    3.2. Occurrence of pharmaceuticals in solid environmental samples
  19. soil
  20. sediments (river and estuary)
  21. sewage sludges
    3.3. Ecotoxicity of pharmaceuticals
  22. acute toxicity data
  23. chronic toxicity data
  24. impact of pharmaceuticals in the environment
  25. environmental risk assessment
  26. Removal of Pharmaceuticals
    4.1. Biodegradation of pharmaceuticals
  27. laboratory biodegradation tests
  28. biodegradation pathways/metabolites
    4.2. Abiotic degradation (photodegradation) of pharmaceuticals
    4.3. Removal of pharmaceuticals in wastewater treatment plants (conventional technology – CAS)
    4.4. Removal of pharmaceuticals by advanced treatment technologies
  29. membrane bioreactor technology (MBR)
  30. ozonation and advanced oxidation processes (AOP)
    4.5. Removal of pharmaceuticals during drinking water production
  31. elimination of pharmaceuticals by bank filtration
  32. elimination in waterworks
  33. Conclusions and Needs for Future Research

Description

Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called "emerging" contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are constantly being introduced into the environment, mainly as a result of the manufacturing process. Over time, this level of chemical input may lead to long-term concentrations and promote continual, but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle discusses state-of-the-art analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples while reviewing the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle (elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment). Focus is given to the newest developments in the treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

Key Features

  • Well-structured overview of latest developments in trace determination
  • Concise and critical compilation of literature published over the past few years
  • Focuses on new treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

Readership

Chemistry students (undergraduate/graduate), analytical and environmental chemists, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers, risk assessors, and policy makers


Details

No. of pages:
600
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080549705
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444530523

About the Series Volume Editors

Mira Petrovic Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Catalan Institute for Water Research ICRA, Spain

Sandra Perez Series Volume Editor

Dr. Sandra Pérez Solsona, (80 publications and 17 book chapters; H-index=27), Barcelona (Spain). Since May 2005, research associate at the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research IDÆA-CSIC in Barcelona (Spain). She has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Barcelona (2003). Postdoctoral researcher at the State University of New York at Buffalo (2003-2005). Her work is focused on studying the occurrence, distribution and degradation of pollutants in the aquatic environment. Use of advanced mass spectrometry techniques such as the hybrid techniques UPLC-QToF-MS and UPLC-QExactive-MS, for the structural elucidation of novel transformation products and metabolites of organic pollutants. She uses suspect screening and non-target approaches based on high resolution MS for the detection of polar emerging contaminants and for assessing their elimination and transformation in both natural processes and engineered systems. She has been involved in different EU projects (EMCO, SANDRINE and GLOBAQUA), NSF projects in EEUU and Spanish national projects (CEMAGUA and SCARCE). Principal investigator of CSI-Environment (Marie Curie Actions ITN CSI:Environment PITN-GA-2010-264329).

Affiliations and Expertise

Inst. of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spain

Damia Barcelo Series Volume Editor

Prof. dr. Barcelo Damia, Director of the Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA) and Professor at the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA), Barcelona, Spain. His expertise is in water quality assessment and management, fate, risk and removal of emerging contaminants in wastewater treatment plants and analysis, fate and risk of emerging contaminants and nanomaterials in the aquatic environment. He published over 900 papers, 200 book chapters and has h index 91. He was a coordinator of several national and EU projects and at the moment he coordinates two EU projects: GLOBAQUA , on multiple stressors in the aquatic environment and SEA-on-a-CHIP, on the development of sensor technolgies for emerging contamaints in marine aquaculture. He is CoEditor in Chief of the journal Science of Total Environment and the book series Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, both form Elsevier..

Affiliations and Expertise

Inst. of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spain

About the Series Editors

Mira Petrovic Series Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Catalan Institute for Water Research ICRA, Spain

Damia Barcelo Series Editor

Prof. dr. Barcelo Damia, Director of the Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA) and Professor at the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA), Barcelona, Spain. His expertise is in water quality assessment and management, fate, risk and removal of emerging contaminants in wastewater treatment plants and analysis, fate and risk of emerging contaminants and nanomaterials in the aquatic environment. He published over 900 papers, 200 book chapters and has h index 91. He was a coordinator of several national and EU projects and at the moment he coordinates two EU projects: GLOBAQUA , on multiple stressors in the aquatic environment and SEA-on-a-CHIP, on the development of sensor technolgies for emerging contamaints in marine aquaculture. He is CoEditor in Chief of the journal Science of Total Environment and the book series Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, both form Elsevier..

Affiliations and Expertise

Inst. of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spain