Analysis of Flame Retardancy In Polymer Science

Analysis of Flame Retardancy In Polymer Science

1st Edition - March 10, 2022

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  • Editors: Henri Vahabi, Mohammad Saeb, Giulio Malucelli
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128242612
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240458

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Description

Analysis of Flame Retardancy in Polymer Science is a scientific/practical book that is conceptualized, designed, and written for students, early-career researchers, and junior engineers to explain the basic principles of fire analysis/characterization methods/methodologies, from flammability, ignition, and fire spread to forced convection and related analyses and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying flame retardancy in both gas and condensed phases followed by correlation between laboratory- and real-scale fire analyses as well as fire analysis from an industrial standpoint. This book is also an indispensable resource for identifying and mounting the latest achievements in fire analysis/characterization methods to frame the effects of fire evaluation strategies to be utilized for research and development. The book also gives a broad description of fire analysis related to different standards and regulations for different applications in different geographic zones.

Key Features

  • Includes the background, fundamental, and modern features of techniques of characterization of fire and flame behavior
  • Provides an overview of the major techniques used in fire analysis of flame-retardant polymers
  • Characterizes different types of materials at small, bench, and real-life scale
  • Offers a comprehensive overview of fire behavior and testing and associated toxicity issues
  • Integrates the scientific, technical, standard, regulation, and industrial aspects of fire analysis into a book for future developments in the field

Readership

Early career researchers and junior engineers in academia and industry dealing with fire testing and standards required for instructions and legislation purposes, graduate students, professors, engineers, decision-makers in industry working in fire science and engineering as well as materials science, libraries in universities and industrial institutions, independent institutes, individual research groups and scientists working in the field of flame retardancy

Table of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Fundamentals: Flammability, ignition, and fire spread in polymers
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Thermal transitions, thermoplasticity, and geometric effects
  • 3: Fuel-forming reactions: Polymer pyrolysis and ignition
  • 4: Oxidative degradation
  • 5: Combustion and fire spread: Effect of incident heat flux
  • 6: Flame retardance: Effect of flame retardants on ignition, combustion, and smoke generation
  • 7: General appraisal of pyrolysis/ignition/burn versus reaction-to-fire test methodologies
  • 8: Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 2: Forced combustion: Cone calorimetry
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: The forced-combustion environment
  • 3: Additional instrumentation
  • 4: Using the data
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Microscale forced combustion: Pyrolysis-combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC)
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: PCFC description
  • 3: Study of pyrolysis
  • 4: Combustion
  • 5: Prediction of flammability data
  • 6: Concluding remarks and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Evaluation of gas phase: Mechanisms and analyses
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Types of gas-phase mechanism
  • 3: Common analytical tools for gas-phase mechanism evaluation
  • 4: Concluding remarks and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Evaluation of gas phase: Smoke and toxicity analysis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Smoke contents
  • 3: Analysis of smoke
  • 4: Impacts of smoke
  • 5: Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Evaluation of condensed phase: Char/residue analysis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Fundamentals of char and residue formation
  • 3: Chemical characterization: Chemical composition
  • 4: Microscopy: Morphology of the residue
  • 5: Dynamics of char/residue formation
  • 6: Conclusions and future trends
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Analysis of fire resistance of materials
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Definitions and application of fire resistance
  • 3: Material applications of fire resistance
  • 4: Conventional approach of fire resistance
  • 5: Performance approach
  • 6: Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Characterization of high-temperature polymers for extreme environments
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: High-temperature polymers
  • 3: Aerothermal ablation testing for high-temperature applications
  • 4: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Correlation between laboratory- and real-scale fire analyses
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Case study no. 1: Fire behavior of PMMA
  • 3: Case study no. 2: Electric cable tray fires
  • 4: Case study no. 3: Wildfires
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Fire analysis tests from industrial point of view
  • Abstract
  • 1: Fundamental principles
  • 2: Scenario-based approach
  • 3: Building products
  • 4: Cables
  • 5: Electrotechnical products
  • 6: Others
  • 7: Transportation
  • 8: Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 470
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: March 10, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128242612
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240458

About the Editors

Henri Vahabi

Henri Vahabi is Associate Professor at the University of Lorraine, France. His research is focused on thermal degradation, flame retardancy of thermoset and thermoplastics, and development of new flame-retardant systems. He is a committee member of the “Fire group” of the Chemical Society of France.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, University of Lorraine, France

Mohammad Saeb

Mohammad Reza Saeb is University Professor at the Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology. He conceptualizes processing-microstructure-properties-performance interrelationships in polymer blends and nanocomposites. He also visualizes network formation-network degradation correlation in polymer systems by analyzing cure kinetics, thermal degradation kinetics, and flame retardancy.

Affiliations and Expertise

University Professor, Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk, Poland

Giulio Malucelli

Giulio Malucelli is Professor at the Department of Applied Science and Technology of Politecnico di Torino, Italy. His research interests include the investigation of structure-property relationships, the fire behavior of textiles modified by surface-engineered systems, and the design and exploitation of bio-sourced products as effective flame retardants.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

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