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- Sample collection. 2. Treatment of environmental samples. 3. Radiochemical separation methods. 4. Sources of background and its reduction. 5. Radiometrics methods. 6. Underground counting laboratories. 7. In site methods. 8. Mass spectrometry methods. 9. Accelerator mass spectrometry. 10. Track detectors. 11. Neutron activation methods. 12. Statistical evaluation of data. 13. Quality assurance/quality control. 14. Methods for selected radioisotopes.
The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.
graduate and postgraduate students, researchers in universities and in environmental institutes who are using radionuclides as tracers for studying environmental processes.
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier Science 2008
- 1st November 2007
- Elsevier Science
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Prof. Pavel P. Povinec is an international expert in radioactivity phenomena in physics, chemistry and environmental science. He has been in environmental radioactivity research for over fifty years, specifically assessing radioactivity around nuclear power plants, studying impacts of the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents and global fallout in the terrestrial and marine environments, carrying marine radioactivity studies at radioactive waste dumping sites globally, assessing the impact of nuclear weapons testing sites on oceans, developing radionuclide detection technologies, and developing a worldwide radioactivity database and computer models of radionuclide dispersion. In 1993-2005 he served as Head of the Radiometrics Laboratory of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Marine Environment Laboratories, Monaco. He has published over 700 papers in scientific journals, books and proceedings, and edited over 30 scientific books, proceedings and special issues of journals. He has several international awards including the Hevesy Award and Medal for his contribution to nuclear sciences (2017).
Comenius University, Slovakia
Isle of Seil, Argyll, UK
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