Analysis, Design and Evaluation of Man – Machine Systems

Analysis, Design and Evaluation of Man – Machine Systems

Proceedings of the IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/IEA Conference, Baden-Baden, Federal Republic of Germany, 27-29 September 1982

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Editors: G. Johannsen, J. E. Rijnsdorp
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190532

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Description

Analysis, Design, & Evaluation of Man-Machine Systems presents an examination of the construction and application of a combined network and production systems model. It discusses the computer simulation and experimental results of a fuzzy model of driver behavior. It addresses the ergonomic aspects of working places in control rooms. Some of the topics covered in the book are the control and supervision of the eurelios solar power plant; computer aided control station with coloured display for production control; dynamic and static models for nuclear reactor operators; ironies of automation; and theory and validation of model of the human observer and decision maker. The operation simulation for the evaluation and improvement of a medical information system are fully covered. An in-depth account of an online information retrieval through natural language is provided. The control of input variables by head movements of handicapped persons is completely presented. A chapter is devoted to a graphical hardware description language for logic simulation programs. Another section focuses on the symbiotic, knowledge-based computer support systems. The book can provide useful information to computer programmers, engineers, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Man-Machine Systems - Introduction and Background

    Session 1 - Human Performance Modeling

    Perspectives on Human Performance Modeling

    Visual Scan and Performance - Indicators of Man's Workload?

    Construction and Application of a Combined Network and Production Systems

    Model of Pilot Behavior on an ILS-Approach

    A Fuzzy Model of Driver Behavior: Computer Simulation and Experimental Results

    The Air Traffic Controller's Picture as an Example of a Mental Model

    The Derivation of Handling Qualities Criteria from Precision Pilot Model Characteristics

    Discussion of Session 1

    Session 2 - Industrial Process

    On the Modeling of the Human Process Operator

    An Integrated Display Set for Process Operators

    A Multi-level Alarm Information Processing System Applied to Thermal Power Plant

    Ergonomic Aspects of Working Places with VDU's in Control Rooms - Comparison to Working Places with VDU's in Offices

    Control and Supervision of the Eurelios Solar Power Plant: Design Philosophy and Operation Experience

    Computer Aided Control Station with Colored Display for Production Control

    Star* - A Concept for the Orthogonal Design of Man-Machine Interfaces with Application to Nuclear Power Plants

    Dynamic and Static Models for Nuclear Reactor Operators - Needs and Application Examples

    Man-Machine Interface in the Disturbance Analysis System SAAP-2

    Discussion of Session 2

    Session 3 - Man's Role in Man-Machine Systems

    Man's Role in Man-Machine Systems

    Ironies of Automation

    Man-Machine Problems of Passengers in New Urban Transit System

    Man-Machine Synergy in Highly Automated Manufacturing Systems

    Human Software Requirements Engineering for Computer-controlled

    Manufacturing Systems

    Humane Work Design for Man-Machine Systems - A Challenge to Engineers and Labour Scientists

    Discussion of Session 3

    Session 4 - Problem Solving

    Models of Human Problem Solving: Detection, Diagnosis and Compensation for System Failures

    A Metric for Problem Solving in Man-Machine Systems

    Model of the Human Observer and Decision Maker - Theory and Validation

    On-board Flight Path Planning as a New Job Concept for Pilots

    Operation Simulation for the Evaluation and Improvement of a Medical Information System

    On Modeling Teams of Interacting Decisionmakers with Bounded Rationality

    Model-based Prediction of Human Performance with Respect to Monitoring and Failure Detection

    Discussion of Session 4

    Session 5 - Human-Computer Interaction

    Man-Machine Interaction in Computer-aided Design Systems

    Human-Computer Dialogue Design Considerations

    Online Information Retrieval through Natural Language

    Natural-language Communication with Computers: A Comparison of Voice and Keyboard Inputs

    Ergonomic Aspects for Improving Recognition Performance of Voice Input Systems

    Computerized Text Processing: New Demands and Strains?

    Interactive Image Processing for Observer Performance Enhancement

    Control of Input Variables by Head Movements of Handicapped Persons

    Experimental Studies of Man-Computer Interaction in Financial Accounting Systems

    A Graphical Hardware Description Language for Logic Simulation Programs

    Knowledge Based Man-Machine System

    Symbiotic, Knowledge-based Computer Support Systems

    A Knowledge Base System for Decision Support using Cognitive Maps

    DMS - A System for Defining and Managing Human-Computer Dialogues

    Discussion of Session 5

    Session 6 - Human Reliability

    Measuring, Modeling and Augmenting Reliability of Man-Machine Systems

    Human Reliability and Safety Evaluation of Man-Machine Systems

    Discussion of Session 6

    Session 7 - Transport

    Designed Evaluation of a Wind Shear Indication System for Transport Aircraft

    Analysis of Rider and Single-Track-Vehicle System, its Application to Computer-Controlled Bicycle

    Processing of On-board Route Guidance Information in Real Traffic Situations

    An Analysis of the Man-Automobile System with a Driving Simulator

    Contributions of Congruent Pitch Motion Cue to Human Activity in Manual Control

    Tracking Performance with Varying Error-criteria

    Accident Hazards of Rear Wheel Steered Vehicles

    Modelization of the Process of Treating Visual Information and Decision-making by a Pilot Perturbed by Very Low Frequency Vibrations

    Discussion of Session 7

    Round-Table Discussions

    Problems of Application of Human Operator Models in Industry

    Man's Role in Man-Machine Systems

    Highlights and Summary of the Conference

    Author Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 442
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190532

About the Editors

G. Johannsen

Affiliations and Expertise

Germany

J. E. Rijnsdorp

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