Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

1st Edition - August 20, 2012

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  • Editors: Damia Barcelo, Marinella Farré
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563293

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Description

The application of nanotechnology in different consumer products has delivered new products with highly desirable properties, but at same time has opened a new window for a wide group of emerging contaminants and a new type of human exposure which needs to be assessed. Most of the current human toxicological information on nanomaterials comes from nano-sized particles in air, and their effects via inhalation. Other routes of human exposure, such as water and food, and the effects on human health and the environment have been less studied. It is the recent research in these areas that is highlighted here in one of the first books covering the analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and the environment, with both matrices being of considerable interest. In addition to providing a global summary of recent research, this book shows how widely used chromatographic and spectroscopic methods can be added to the analytical arsenal of microscopic techniques that have commonly been used to characterize nanomaterials.

Key Features

  • Describes the analytical techniques used to characterize nanomaterials and their applications in environmental or food samples
  • Includes analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and environmental matrices
  • Takes a detailed look at the research on emerging fields of human exposure to nanomaterials and their environmental risks

Readership

Analytical chemists, food scientists, environmental scientists, toxicologists

Table of Contents

  • Series Page

    Volume in series

    Contributors to Volume 59

    Series Editor’s Preface

    Chapter 1 Introduction to the Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

    1 Introduction

    2 Classes of NMs

    3 NMs in Food Industry

    4 Separation and Characterization of Engineered NMs

    5 Quantitative Analysis

    6 Toxicity of NMs

    7 Conclusions

    Chapter 2 Analysis of Nanoparticles Based on Electrophoretic Separations

    1 Introduction

    2 General Considerations

    3 Separation of Nanoparticles by Capillary Electrophoresis

    4 Capillary Electrophoresis Analysis of Bioderivatives of Nanoparticles

    5 Applications of Capillary Electrophoresis Separation of Nanoparticles

    6 Dielectrophoresis of Nanoparticles

    7 Detection

    8 Future Trends

    Chapter 3 Biopolymer-Based Nanomaterials

    1 Introduction

    2 Drinking Water Pollution

    3 Soil and Wastewater Pollution

    4 Nanoremediation

    5 Potential NMs for Bioremediation

    6 Naturally Occurring Antibacterial Substances

    7 Engineered Nanostructures

    8 Enhancing Membrane Filtration with Nanotechnology

    9 Chemically Reactive NF Membranes

    10 Assimilation of Nanotechnology with Existing Technologies

    11 Limitations of Nanotechnology for Water Treatment

    12 Conclusion and Future Outlook

    Chapter 4 Analysis and Fate of Organic Nanomaterials in Environmental Samples

    1 Introduction

    2 Fate and Behaviour of Organic NPs and NMs in the Environment

    3 Analysis of NMs in the Environment

    4 Conclusions

    Chapter 5 Characterization of Engineered Nanoparticles in Natural Waters

    1 Background

    2 Extraction and Separation

    3 Characterization

    4 Conclusions

    Chapter 6 Chemical and Ecotoxicological Assessment of Dendrimers in the Aquatic Environment

    1 Introduction

    2 Molecular Structure and Nomenclature of Dendrimers

    3 Physical and Chemical Properties of Dendrimers in Solution

    4 Synthesis and Applications of Dendrimers

    5 Toxicity and Ecotoxicity

    6 Analytical Characterization

    7 Determination of PAMAM Dendrimers in Natural Waters by LC–MS

    Chapter 7 Engineered Nanoparticles in Textiles and Textile Wastewaters

    1 Impact of Engineered Nanoparticles from Textiles on Environment and Human Health

    2 Analytical Methods for Separation and Characterization of ENPs on Textiles and in Textile Wastewaters

    3 Textile Materials of the Future—Implementation, Use and Abuse of ENPs

    4 Conclusions

    Chapter 8 Inorganic Nanoparticles and the Environment: Balancing Benefits and Risks

    1 Introduction: Engineered Inorganic Nanoparticles in the Environment

    2 Environmental Remediation with Inorganic NPs

    3 Understanding the Risk

    Chapter 9 Fullerenes in Environmental Samples: C60 in Atmospheric Particulate Matter

    1 Introduction

    2 Materials and Methods

    3 Results and Discussion

    4 Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 10 Nanomaterials in Food, Which Way Forward?

    1 Introduction

    2 Types of NMs in Food

    3 Toxicological Aspects and Risk Assessment of NMs in Food

    4 Regulations

    5 Analytical Approaches to Characterize and Determine NMs

    6 Applications to Food Analysis

    7 Conclusions and Future Trends

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 415
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: August 20, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563293

About the Editors

Damia Barcelo

Prof. dr. Barcelo Damia, Director of the Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA) and Professor at the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA), Barcelona, Spain. His expertise is in water quality assessment and management, fate, risk and removal of emerging contaminants in wastewater treatment plants and analysis, fate and risk of emerging contaminants and nanomaterials in the aquatic environment. He published over 900 papers, 200 book chapters and has h index 91. He was a coordinator of several national and EU projects and at the moment he coordinates two EU projects: GLOBAQUA , on multiple stressors in the aquatic environment and SEA-on-a-CHIP, on the development of sensor technolgies for emerging contamaints in marine aquaculture. He is CoEditor in Chief of the journal Science of Total Environment and the book series Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, both form Elsevier..

Affiliations and Expertise

Inst. of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spain

Marinella Farré

Marinella Farré, CSIC - Instituto de Diagnostico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua (IDAEA), Barcelona, Spain. Dr Marinella Farré has a PhD in Chemistry from University of Barcelona (Dec.2003), and Research scientist, permanent staff at IDÆA-CSIC from (Jul. 2008). She has more than 150 scientific papers in journals of SCI (H-index of 49), 22 book chapters and she has co-Editor of a book. She has supervised 3 PhD Thesis and currently is the supervisor of 4 on-going more. She is involved in the study of the occurrence and impact of organic micropollutants in the environment by chromatography coupled to advanced mass spectrometry approaches as well as the development and applications of new biological tools such as biosensors. She was involved in 30 Research projects with national and EU funds. She was the coordinator of the EU Sea-on-a-Chip EU project and the national projects Integra-Coast and Nano-Transfer. Currently, she is involved in the projects NaToxAq (IP), Globaqua (participant), Nano-Transfer (IP) and Plas-Med (Coordinator).

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Barcelona, Spain

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