An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

3rd Edition - April 4, 2019
  • Authors: Michael Ojovan, William Lee, Stepan Kalmykov
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081027035
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081027028

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An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Third Edition examines nuclear waste issues, including natural levels of radionuclides in the environment, the geological disposal of waste-forms, and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. The book has been updated to include a discussion of the disposal of nuclear waste from non-energy sources, also adding a chapter on the nuclear fuel cycle. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices, such as bitumen. The book's final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste.

Key Features

  • Focuses on core technologies and an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards
  • Includes new scientific findings on wasteform performance and novel technological developments
  • Provides expanded coverage on decommissioning waste, including clearance of bulk materials from regulatory control and novel processing approaches
  • Focuses on different matrices used in nuclear waste immobilization, including cement, bitumen, glass and new materials


Materials, environmental and energy scientists, engineers and researchers, Anyone researching or developing materials for nuclear waste management including processing, immobilization, storage, transportation and disposal

Table of Contents

  • 1. Intro
    2. Nuclear Decay
    3. Contaminants
    4. NORM
    5. Background
    6. Power NE use
    7. Non-power NE
    8. Regulation
    9. Principles
    10. Sources
    11. Short Lived
    12. Long
    13. Processing schemes
    14. Characterization
    15. Pretreatment
    16. Treatment
    17. Cement
    18. Bitumen
    19. Glass
    20. Ceramics
    21. Transport and Storage
    22. Disposal
    23. Performance
    24. Safety
    25. Conclusion

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2019
  • Published: April 4, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081027035
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081027028

About the Authors

Michael Ojovan

Michael I. Ojovan has been Nuclear Engineer of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), visiting Professor of Imperial College London, Associate Reader in Materials Science and Waste Immobilisation of the University of Sheffield, UK, and Leading Scientist of Radiochemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University. M. Ojovan is Editorial Board Member of scientific journals: “Materials Degradation” (Nature Partner Journal), “International Journal of Corrosion”, “Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations”, “Journal of Nuclear Materials”, and Associate Editor of journal “Innovations in Corrosion and Materials Science”. He has published 12 monographs including the “Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies” by Woodhead and three editions of “An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation” by Elsevier – 2005, 2013 and 2019. He has founded and led the IAEA International Predisposal Network (IPN) and the IAEA International Project on Irradiated Graphite Processing (GRAPA). M. Ojovan is known for the connectivity-percolation theory of glass transition, Sheffield model (two-exponential equation) of viscosity of glasses and melts, condensed Rydberg matter, metallic and glass-composite materials for nuclear waste immobilisation, and self-sinking capsules to investigate Earth’ deep interior.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK

William Lee

Professor Lee has been Co-Director of the Institute of Security Science and Technology (ISST), Chair in Ceramic Science and Engineering, and President of the American Ceramic Society. Previous positions at Imperial include Director of the Centre for Nuclear Engineering, Director of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Nuclear Energy (with Cambridge and The Open Universities), and Director of the Centre for Advanced Structural Ceramics. He is a member of the Government advisory committee The Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB), the Leverhulme Trust Panel of Advisors, the Royal Academy of Engineering International Activities Committee, and the Scientific and Environmental Advisory Board Tokamak Energy Ltd. He was from Jan 2006 to Sept 2010 Head of the Department of Materials. Bill was Deputy Chair of the Government advisory Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM) from 2007-2013, has acted as special advisor nuclear to the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee (2013) and is an IAEA Technical Expert.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials, Imperial College London, UK

Stepan Kalmykov

Stepan N. Kalmykov has been Head of Radiochemistry Department and Deputy Dean of Faculty of Chemistry of Lomonosov Moscow State University. He has been known as an expert in radiochemistry and especially in environmental chemistry of actinides and fission products, radionuclide speciation, rare and radioactive metals separation and radiopharmaceutical chemistry. Stepan Kalmykov is the member of the advisory committee of “Radiochimica Acta”. He has published more than 120 research papers and several monographs, including “Actinide nanoparticle research”. Springer. 2011, 440 p. ISBN 978-3-642-11431-1. Stepan Kalmykov was an invited lecturer at several large international conferences including “Actinides” and “Migration

Affiliations and Expertise

Deputy Dean of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia