An Introduction to Heat Transfer Principles and Calculations

An Introduction to Heat Transfer Principles and Calculations

International Series of Monographs in Heating, Ventilation and Refrigeration

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Author: A. J. Ede
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139111

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Description

An Introduction to Heat Transfer Principles and Calculations is an introductory text to the principles and calculations of heat transfer. The theory underlying heat transfer is described, and the principal results and formulae are presented. Available techniques for obtaining rapid, approximate solutions to complicated problems are also considered. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with a brief account of some of the concepts, methods, nomenclature, and other relevant information about heat transfer. The reader is then introduced to radiation, conduction, convection, and boiling and condensation. Problems involving more than one mode of heat transfer are presented. Some of the factors influencing the selection of heat exchangers are also discussed. The remaining chapters focus on mass transfer and its simultaneous occurrence with heat transfer; the air-water vapor system, with emphasis on humidity and enthalpy as well as wet-bulb temperature, adiabatic saturation temperature, cooling by evaporation, drying, and condensation; and physical properties and other information that must be taken into account before any generalized formula for heat or mass transfer can be applied to a specific problem. This monograph will be of value to mechanical engineers, physicists, and mathematicians.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Editors' Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Temperature and Heat

    Radiation

    Conduction

    Convection

    Change of Phase

    Mass and Momentum Transfer

    Application to Practical Problems

    The Heat Transfer Coefficient

    Thermal Resistance

    Dimensional Analysis

    Units and Nomenclature

    References

    Chapter 2. Radiation

    Basic Laws and Definitions

    The Black Body

    Kirchhoff's Law

    The Stefan-Boltzmann Law

    Planck's Distribution Law

    Wien's Displacement Law

    Radiation in a Given Direction: Lambert's Law

    The Calculation of Heat Transfer between Surfaces

    Large Parallel Planes

    A Body Inside a Constant Temperature Enclosure

    Elementary Surfaces

    Black Surfaces: Geometrical Factors

    Grey Surfaces

    Surfaces within an Enclosure

    Emissivities and Absorptivities

    Solar Radiation

    Absorbent Media

    Chapter 3. Conduction

    Basic Laws and Definitions

    Thermal Conductivity

    Fourier's Equation

    Steady-State Heat Transfer

    The Plane Slab

    Thermal Resistance

    The Cylindrical Layer

    The Isotherm-Heat Flow Diagram

    The Electrical Analogue

    Numerical Methods

    Shape Factors

    Non-Steady Heat Transfer

    Linear Flow: Charts

    Schmidt's Method

    Charts For Three-Dimensional Flow

    Chapter 4. Convection — General

    Viscosity

    The Boundary Layer

    Laminar and Turbulent Flow. The Reynolds Number

    The Thermal Boundary Layer

    Dimensional Analysis

    Forced Convection

    The Nusselt and Prandtl Numbers

    Geometrical Similarity

    Free Convection. The Grashof Number

    Significance of the Dimensionless Groups. The Stanton Number

    Chapter 5. Forced Convection

    The Plane Surface

    Laminar Flow: Differential Equation Method

    Laminar Flow: Integral Equation Method

    Turbulent Flow: Integral Equation Method

    Average Coefficients

    More Complicated Problems

    The Reynolds Analogy

    The Prandtl-Taylor Analogy

    The Colburn Analogy

    The Circular Tube—Internal Heat Transfer

    Bulk or Mixing-Cup Temperature

    Turbulent Flow

    Laminar Flow

    The Calculation of Heat Transfer in a Tube

    Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference

    Turbulence Promoters

    The Circular Tube—External Heat Transfer

    The Bank of Tubes

    Miscellaneous Problems

    Chapter 6. Free Convection

    The Plane Vertical Surface

    Other Freely Exposed Surfaces

    Internal Surfaces, Uniform Temperature

    Heat Transfer Across Enclosed Spaces

    Miscellaneous

    Chapter 7. Problems Involving More than One Mode of Heat Transfer

    Convection and Radiation

    Heat Transfer Through Structures

    Insulation

    Fouling Factors

    Extended Surfaces

    Problems of Interaction

    Chapter 8. Boiling and Condensing

    The Basic Phenomenon

    Boiling

    Nucleate Boiling

    Film Boiling

    Convection Boiling

    Factors Affecting Boiling

    Heat Transfer Coefficients

    Condensation

    Vertical Surface—Laminar Flow

    The Reynolds Number

    Vertical Surface—Turbulence

    The Bank of Tubes

    Superheat

    Non-Condensable Gas

    Pressure

    Dropwise Condensation

    Chapter 9. Heat Exchangers

    Recuperators

    Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference

    Temperature Distributions

    The Shell-and-Tube Exchanger

    The LMTD Correction Factor

    Effectiveness-NTU Method

    Cross-Flow

    Change of Phase

    Balancing Coefficients

    Heat Transfer Coefficients in Shell-and-Tube Exchangers

    Pressure Drop

    Other Types of Recuperator

    Batch Heat Exchangers

    Regenerators

    Chapter 10. Mass Transfer

    Diffusion

    Fick's Law: Analogy With Heat Transfer

    Lewis Relation

    Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer

    Approximations Which Have Been Made

    The Reynolds Flow Method

    Chapter 11. The Air-Water Vapor System

    Humidity

    Enthalpy

    Wet-Bulb Temperature

    Adiabatic Saturation Temperature

    Psychrometric Data

    Cooling by Evaporation

    The Cooling Tower

    Drying

    Condensation

    Chapter 12. Physical Properties and Other Information

    Gases

    Liquids

    Solids

    Systems of Units

    Conversion Factors

    Notes On Units

    List of Symbols

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139111

About the Author

A. J. Ede

About the Editors

N. S. Billington

E. Ower

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