An Introduction to Biological Rhythms

An Introduction to Biological Rhythms

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Author: John Palmer
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152426

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Description

An Introduction to Biological Rhythms provides an introduction to the subject of biological rhythms. The opening chapters present an overview of biological rhythms, their properties, and clock control, followed by a survey of rhythms in plants and animals. The subsequent chapters cover tidal rhythms and human rhythms; sun-compass, star-compass, and moon compass orientation of animals; the clock control of plant and animal photoperiodism; evidence for external timing of biological clocks; and models and mechanisms for endogenous timekeeping. The book also includes biographical sketches of Dr. Frank A. Brown, Jr., Morrison Professor of Biology at Northwestern University; and Dr. Leland N. Edmunds, Jr., Professor and Head of the Division of Biological Sciences at the Stony Brook campus of the State University of New York. This book is meant for the inquiring student seeking an introduction to the subject and for busy biologists in other fields who want to get a ""feel"" for the subject. It can also serve as a basic textbook for the existing biorhythms courses and act as a seed for the inauguration of new courses.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Biographical Sketch of Frank A. Brown, Jr.

    Biographical Sketch of Leland N. Edmunds, Jr.

    1 Introduction to Biological Rhythms, Their Properties, and Clock Control

    Tidal, Daily, and Annual Rhythms

    Rudimentary Terminology

    Properties of Clock-Controlled Rhythms

    The Coupling Unit

    Master or Multiple Clocks

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    2 A Survey of Rhythms in Plants and Animals

    Plants

    Animals

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    3 Tidal (Bimodal Lunar-Day) Rhythms

    A Survey of Tidal Rhythms

    Determination of Phase

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    4 Human Rhythms

    Rhythms in Alcohol Metabolism

    Rhythms in Pain Tolerance

    Man as an Experimental Subject

    Sleep-Wakefulness Rhythms

    Temperature and Performance Rhythms

    Rhythmic Moods

    Cell Division Rhythms

    Heart-Rate Rhythms

    Rhythms in Renal Processes

    Rhythms in Birth and Death Rates

    Rhythmic Sensitivity to Allergens and Drugs

    The Effect of a 10 Hz Electric Field on Human Rhythms

    Longitudinal Travel and Biological Rhythms

    Shift Work

    Monthly Rhythms

    Summary and Conclusion

    Selected Readings

    5 Clock Compensated Animal Orientation

    Sun-Compass Orientation

    Star-Compass Orientation

    Moon-Compass Orientation

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    6 The Clock Control of Plant and Animal Photoperiodism

    Plants

    Animals

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    7 Evidence for External Timing of Biological Clocks

    Comparison of the Internal and External Hypotheses

    Rhythms in the Fiddler Crab Translocation Experiment with Oysters

    Statistical Analysis of Time Series

    On the Absence of Constant Conditions

    Responsiveness to Very Weak Magnetic Fields

    Responsiveness to Very Weak Electric Fields

    Responsiveness to Background Radiation

    Geoelectromagnetic Fields and "Clocks"

    Lability of the Rhythmic Cycles

    Phase Maps and Phase Dissociation

    Solar-Day and Lunar-Day Rhythms

    Autophasing

    Geophysically Dependent Rhythms

    Precision of Solar-Day Cycles

    Propensity for Lunar Periodisms

    Annual Rhythms

    External Timing as a Scientific Hypothesis

    General Conclusions

    Summary

    Selected Readings

    8 Models and Mechanisms for Endogenous Timekeeping

    Introduction

    Formal Models for an Autonomous Clock

    Cellular and Biochemical Clock Mechanisms

    The Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Timing Problem

    Summary and Conclusions

    Selected Readings

    Glossary

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 394
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152426

About the Author

John Palmer

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