An Introduction to Air Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121482503, 9780323158794

An Introduction to Air Chemistry

1st Edition

Authors: Samuel Butcher
eBook ISBN: 9780323158794
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 256
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Description

An Introduction to Air Chemistry serves as a textbook on air chemistry and covers topics such as chemical principles, sampling and collection, treatment of data, and special methods of analysis. The atmospheric chemistry of sulfur compounds is also discussed, together with nitrogen compounds and ozone, aerosols, and carbon compounds. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins with a review of the relevant chemical and meteorological principles. The general methods for obtaining and handling air chemical data are then described, followed by a discussion on three classes of chemical compounds that are important in any consideration of trace constituents of the atmosphere, namely, sulfur compounds, carbon compounds, and nitrogen compounds and ozone. Significant atmospheric reactions, the global budgets, and selected methods of analysis for these compounds are considered. The final chapter examines some of the physical characteristics of aerosols. This monograph will be a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level students of analytical chemistry, meteorology, oceanography, and civil engineering, as well as for laboratory chemists, meteorologists, physical scientists, and technicians.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Approach to a Problem

1.2 Evolution and Present Composition of the Atmosphere

1.3 Chemical Cycles

1.4 Physicochemical Models

Problems

References

Chapter 2 Summary of Chemical Principles

2.1 Properties of Gases

2.2 Properties of Solutions

2.3 Properties of Small Droplets and Particles

2.5 Extinction of Radiation

2.6 Chemical Kinetics

Problems

References

Chapter 3 Sampling and Collection

3.1 Generalized Methods of Analysis

3.2 Sampling Methods

3.3 Sampling Trains

Problems

References

Chapter 4 Treatment of Data

4.1 Instrumental Error

4.2 Presentation of Data

Problems

References

Chapter 5 Special Methods of Analysis

5.1 Chromatography

5.2 Spectrometry

5.3 Nuclear Methods

5.4 Mass Spectrometry

5.5 Remote Sensing Applications of Lasers

5.6 Correlation Spectrometry

General References

References

Chapter 6 The Atmospheric Chemistry of Sulfur Compounds

6.1 Global Considerations

6.2 Reactions of Sulfur Compounds

6.3 A Mechanism for the Oxidation of SO2

6.4 Analytical Methods

Problems

References

Chapter 7 Nitrogen Compounds and Ozone

7.1 Reactions of Nitrogen Compounds

7.2 Global Aspects

7.3 Analytical Methods

Problems

References

Chapter 8 Carbon Compounds

8.1 Sources and Sinks of Carbon Dioxide

8.2 Sources and Sinks of Carbon Monoxide

8.3 Behavior of Carbon Oxides in the Atmosphere

8.4 Other Carbon Compounds

8.5 Analytical Methods

Problems

References

Chapter 9 Aerosols

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Sources and Sinks of Particulate Matter

9.3 Particle Size Distribution

9.4 Mechanical Properties of Aerosols

9.5 Diffusion and Coagulation

9.6 Optics of Aerosols

9.7 Measurement on Aerosols

Problems

References

Appendix 1 Units and Dimensions Used in Air Chemistry

Appendix 2 List of Symbols

Appendix 3 Glossary

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
256
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323158794

About the Author

Samuel Butcher