An Applied Guide to Water and Effluent Treatment Plant Design - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128113097

An Applied Guide to Water and Effluent Treatment Plant Design

1st Edition

Authors: Sean Moran
Paperback ISBN: 9780128113097
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st June 2018
Page Count: 400
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An Applied Guide to Water and Effluent Treatment Plant Design is ideal for graduates, early career researchers and experienced engineers who are moving from a different sector into the water sector. It is the first book to bring together the design of process, wastewater, water, effluent and sludge plants, and give an introduction to all areas. The author of the book teaches this subject to professional engineers, so it is a great resource to start your research with, and it also has a highly practical focus with real world applications. His aim is to provide the type of experienced advice generally given by a workplace mentor.

This book will teach you how to carry out the key steps in the process design of water and effluent treatment plants, with economic considerations in mind. It is fully supported with worked examples and case studies in order to assist learning. This book is compliant with both professional practice and the IChemE degree accreditation guidelines. Computer tools discussed include Hysys and AutoCAD; tools to assist the creative process include "What If Analysis" features, statistical plugins and visual basic for more complex problems. The information contained in this book is usually provided on the job by mentors; no other book is available with the same coverage.

Key Features

  • Explains how to design water and effluent treatment plants that really work, with practical know how and case studies
  • Accessible introduction to and overview of the area, written from a process engineering perspective
  • Covers all current and new treatment technologies, and the whole process from initial treatment plant design to commissioning


Graduate students and early career researchers in chemical engineering, plant designers

Table of Contents

Section 1: Process Plant Design
The Nature of Process Plant Design
The Nature of Water and Effluent Treatment Plant Design
The Design Process
Interaction With Other Disciplines
Design Deliverables
Generating the Design Envelope
Selection and Sizing of Unit Operations
Selection and Sizing of Pumps and Compressors
Hydraulic Calculations
Control and Instrumentation
Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Layout
Costing Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant

Section 2: Wastewater Treatment
Water Disposal and Reuse
Compliance Issues
Compliance Strategies
Wastewater Characteristics
Classification of Treatment Methods
Applicability and Selection of Methods
Overview: Wastewater Treatment Plant Design
Flowrate and Mass Loading
Selection of Design Flowrates
Selection of Design Mass Loadings
Process Selection
Conceptual Process Design
Physical Processes
Flow Measurement
Flow Equalisation
Accelerated Gravity Separation
Biological Processes
Overview: Biological Processes
Microbial Metabolism
Important Microorganisms
Bacterial Growth
Biological Treatment Processes
Aerobic Attached Growth Processes
Aerobic Suspended Growth Processes
Anaerobic Attached Growth Processes
Anaerobic Suspended Growth Processes
Biological Nutrient Removal
Pond Treatment
Conventional Treatment Plant Design: Overview
Preliminary Treatment Plant Design
Racks and Screens
Grit Removal
Flow Equalisation
Other Preliminary Treatments
Primary Sedimentation
Other Solids Removal Options
Chemical Precipitation
Post Aeration
VOC and Odour Control
Secondary Treatment Plant Design
Suspended Growth Processes
Biological Filters
Combined Aerobic Treatment Processes
Tertiary Treatment Plant Design
Screens and Filters for Residual Suspended Solids Removal
Biological Nitrogen Removal
Chemical/ Physical Nitrogen Removal
Biological Phosphorus Removal
Chemical/Physical Phosphorus Removal
Biological Combined Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal
Removal of Toxic and Refractory Compounds
Removal of Dissolved Inorganics

Section 3: Water Treatment
Impurities Commonly Found in Water
Key Water Chemistry
Water Treatment Processes
Gas Transfer
Chemical Processes
Other Chemical Processes
Membrane Technologies
Nanofiltration/Reverse Osmosis
Configurations of RO Membrane Systems
Membrane Types
Data Collection & Monitoring for Reverse Osmosis Systems
Integrity and Permeability Monitoring
Membrane Processes
Novel Processes
Membrane Distillation
Forward Osmosis

Section 4: Industrial Effluent Treatment
Industrial Wastewater Composition
Overview: Industrial Effluent Treatment
Oil/Water Separators
Granular Activated Carbon Treatment
Physical/Chemical treatments
Oily Water Treatment Using Membrane Technologies
Problems of Industrial Effluent Treatment
Toxic Shocks
Nutrient Balance
Sludge Consistency
Changes in Main Process

Section 5: Sludge Treatment
Sludge Treatment
Sludge Treatment Plant Design
Sludge Yield
Sludge Characteristics
Sludge and Scum Pumping
Preliminary Operations
Anaerobic Sludge Digestion
Aerobic Sludge Digestion
Thermal Drying
Uses of Sludge
Novel Processes
Ultrasonic Sludge Conditioning
Natural Treatment
Deep Shaft Process
Pure or Enhanced Oxygen Processes
Biological Aerated Flooded Filters
Sequencing Batch Reactors
Aerobic Membrane Bioreactors
Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactors
Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Process
Anaerobic Filter Process
Expanded Bed Reactor
Two and Three Phase Digestion


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About the Author

Sean Moran

Professor Moran is a Chartered Chemical Engineer with twenty-five years’ experience in process design, commissioning and troubleshooting. He started his career with international process engineering contractors and worked worldwide on water treatment projects before setting up his own consultancy in 1996, specializing in process and hydraulic design, commissioning and troubleshooting of industrial effluent and water treatment plants. Sean was until 2015 an Associate Professor at the University of Nottingham, where he coordinated the design teaching program for chemical engineering students. He has now returned to engineering practice, specializing in forensic engineering in commercial disputes centering on plant design issues.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fellow, Institution of Chemical Engineers (UK)