Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy

1st Edition

Editors: K. Siegbahn
Hardcover ISBN: 9780720400830
eBook ISBN: 9780444596994
Imprint: North Holland
Published Date: 1st January 1979
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Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy Volume 1 offers a comprehensive account of radioactivity and related low-energy phenomena. It summarizes progress in the field of alpha-, beta- and gamma-ray spectroscopy, including the discovery of the non-conservation of parity, as well as new experimental methods that elucidate the processes of weak interactions in general and beta-decay in particular. Comprised of 14 chapters, the book presents experimental methods and theoretical discussions and calculations to maintain the link between experiment and theory. It begins with a discussion of the interaction of electrons and alpha particles with matter. The book explains the elastic scattering of electrons by atomic nuclei and the interaction between gamma-radiation and matter. It then introduces topic on beta-ray spectrometer theory and design and crystal diffraction spectroscopy of nuclear gamma rays. Moreover, the book discusses the applications of the scintillation counter; proportional counting in gases; and the general processes and procedures used in determining disintegration schemes through a study of the beta- and gamma-rays emitted. In addition, it covers the nuclear shell model; collective nuclear motion and the unified model; and alpha-decay conservation laws. The emissions of gamma-radiation during charged particle bombardment and from fission fragments, as well as the neutron-capture radiation spectroscopy, are also explained. Experimentalists will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents

Preface Contents of Volumes 1 and 2 List of Contributors Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy, Introduction Chapter I Interaction of Electrons and α-Particles with Matter Interaction of Electrons

1. Elastic scattering of electrons by atomic nuclei 2. Energy loss Interaction of α-Particles 3. Energy loss 4. Elastic scattering

Chapter II Interaction of γ-Radiation with Matter

1. Introduction 2. Photoelectric effect 3. Scattering by electrons 4. Pair production 5. Nuclear interactions and Delbrück scattering 6. Total attenuation coefficients 7. Absorption methods

Chapter III Beta-Ray Spectrometer Theory and Design. Magnetic Alpha-Ray Spectroscopy. High Resolution Spectroscopy

1. Introduction. General discussion of spectrometers 2. Some basic relations in β-spectroscopy 3. Nomenclature 4. The semicircular spectrometer 5. The double focussing spectrometer 6. Sector field spectrometers 7. Some proposed high transmission instruments 8. Lens spectrometers 9. Magnetic α-ray spectroscopes 10. Electrostatic spectrometers 11. Precision spectroscopy

Chapter IV Crystal Diffraction Spectroscopy of Nuclear γ-Rays

1. Introduction 2. Theory of crystal diffraction spectrometers 3. Curved crystal spectrometers 4. A flat crystal spectrometer

Chapter V The Scintillation Method

1. The scintillation counter 2. Methods for charged particle spectrometry 3. Methods for γ-rays 4. Factors affecting resolution 5. Crystal preparation and mounting 6. Crystal efficiency and linearity 7. Coincidence spectrometry

Chapter VI Particular Detection Methods (A) Proportional Counters and Pulse Ion Chambers

1. Introduction 2. Volts per ion pair, W 3. Statistical fluctuations in pulse size and resolution 4. Ion chambers


© North Holland 1965
North Holland
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About the Editor

K. Siegbahn


@qu:The first edition was very useful; the new one contains more information and is more up-to-date. Professor Kai Siegbahn has earned admiration by managing to obtain manuscripts from so many active physicists. @source: American Journal of Physics @qu:... the work has retained its general purpose and character, as well as its very high standard of excellence. In fact it can almost be described as an encyclopaedic treatise on nuclear physics. @source: Nuclear Physics @qu:... this work is a valuable contribution to nucleonic literature and is to be recommended as a useful refence book. @source: Nature