Alpacas, Sheep, and Men - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125278508, 9781483274546

Alpacas, Sheep, and Men

1st Edition

The Wool Export Economy and Regional Society in Southern Peru

Authors: Benjamin S. Orlove
Editors: E. A. Hammel
eBook ISBN: 9781483274546
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 292
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Description

Alpacas, Sheep, and Men: The Wool Export Economy and Regional Society in Southern Peru investigates the response of the Sicuani region in southern Peru to the wool export economy and its consequent integration into the nation-state in the late nineteenth century. The book traces the economic and political conflicts engendered by the export economy, such as those between landlords and peasants in the countryside and landlords versus traders in town. It also examines how these conflicts shaped the metamorphosis of a closed, isolated, localized society into an open one and its incorporation into national politics as well as global economics.

Comprised of 11 chapters, this book begins with a review of the theories of modernization and dependency, followed by a discussion on the development of the world market for wool and the component elements of the wool economy of the entire southern Peru. Subsequent chapters focus on the regional society in more detail, with emphasis on the concept of region and the economic activities of different sectors; variation in forms of land tenure and labor relations in two provinces; the relations among herders, peasants, and artisans; and regional politics. The three major groups of artisans and workers in the region who use wool are considered, namely, urban furriers, textile mill workers, and rural weavers. The book concludes with an analysis of the fundamental importance of the wool export economy in the Sicuani region using the sectorial model.

This monograph should be of interest to students and anthropologists.

Table of Contents


Preface


Acknowledgments


Sources Consulted


1 Introduction: Modernization, Dependency, and the Sectorial Model


The Modernization Paradigm


Dependency Theory


The Sectorial Model


2 The History of the World Wool Market


World Wool


Peruvian Wool


3 The Wool Economy in Southern Peru


The Uses of Wool


The Production and Distribution of Wool


4 Credit, Stocks, and Price Transmission Mechanisms


The Activity of Wool Marketing


Vertical Linkages and Their Consequences


Price Transmission Mechanisms


The International Connection


5 The Sicuani Region: A Capsule Description


An Approach to the Concept of Region


Production and Distribution: The Marketing Region


Authority and Influence: The Administrative and Political Region


6 The Pastoral Sectors: Herds, Herders, and Herd Owners


The Puna Ecosystem


The Organization of Productive Units


Wider Articulation and Production Bottlenecks


7 Local Uses of Wool in the Sicuani Region


The Textile Factory


The Furriers


Bayeta


Comparisons


8 Agriculture and Artisans


Agriculture


Artisans


9 The Distribution System


Marketing Activity


Purchasing Power


Marketing Units: Organization and Process


Structure and Growth of Marketing Institutions


10 Political Articulation in the Sicuani Region


Introduction


Before the Railroad: The Late Nineteenth Century


The Early Twentieth Century: The Dominance of Traders


The Mid-Twentieth Century: Changes in the Elites


The Sicuani Region in the Mid-1970s


Summary

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Details

No. of pages:
292
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483274546

About the Author

Benjamin S. Orlove

About the Editor

E. A. Hammel

Ratings and Reviews