Alkali Halide Vapors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122042508, 9780323146258

Alkali Halide Vapors

1st Edition

Structure, Spectra, and Reaction Dynamic

Editors: P. Davidovits
eBook ISBN: 9780323146258
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1979
Page Count: 554
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Alkali Halide Vapors: Structure, Spectra, and Reaction Dynamics highlights the various studies done in the subject area of alkali halide chemistry. These studies have resulted to providing many relevant insights and paving the way for the study of more complex chemical systems. This book ultimately reviews and summarizes the said studies.
This text is divided into two categories: structural and spectral properties of the alkali halide molecules and dynamics of various alkali atom-halogen reactions. The first category is discussed in Chapters 1, 3-5, and 15, while the second category is presented in Chapters 6-14. Chapter 2 however belongs to neither of the said categories as it describes the techniques and considerations related to alkali halogen experiments. Numerous quantitative data in table format are presented all of the discussions in this book. An index of these tables has been compiled and can be found in the last part of the book. This book will be a valuable material to students, scientists, and researchers in the scientific field of chemistry, physics, and applied science.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors


1 The Thermodynamic Properties of Alkali Halide Vapors

I. Introduction

II. Measurements of Vapor Species

III. Statistical Mechanical Theories

IV. Thermodynamic Data on Vapor Species

V. Conclusion


2 Production and Detection of Alkali Halide Vapors

I. Construction Materials and Corrosion

II. Production of Alkali Halide Vapors

III. Control of Motion and Internal States of Neutral Molecules

IV. Detection

V. Alkali Halides as Sources of Alkali and Halogen Atoms or Ions


3 Optical Spectra of the Alkali Halide Molecules

I. States of the Alkali Halides and Hydrides

II. The Ground States and Vibrational Spectra of the Alkali Halides

III. Optical Spectra: Photodissociation, Fluorescence, and Absorption

IV. Electronic Excitation by Electron Impact


4 Microwave and Radio-frequency Spectroscopy of Alkali Halide Vapors

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Methods

III. Rotational Spectroscopy

IV. Interaction with External Electric and Magnetic Fields

V. Nuclear Hyperfine Interactions

VI. Conclusion


5 Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Alkali Halide Vapors

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Methods

III. Experimental Results

IV. Larger Clusters

V. Photoionization Mass Spectra of Alkali Halide Vapors - an Aside

VI. Conclusion


6 Reactive Scattering of Alkali Atoms and Alkali Halides at Thermal Energies

I. Introduction

II. The Molecular Beam Approach

III. The Variety of Reactive Scattering Measurements

IV. Results for Several Chemical Systems

V. Closing Remarks


7 Intermolecular Potentials and Energy Exchange Processes between Alkali Halides and Other Gases

I. Introduction

II. Nonpolar Gases

III. Dipolar Gases: Total and Differential Cross Sections; Rotational Dynamics of Dipole Long-Range Interaction

IV. Quadrupolar Gases

V. Direct Measurement of Inelastic Scattering Processes


8 Ion-Pair Formation

I. Introduction

II. The Electron Jump Model; Atom-Atom Scattering

III. Atom-Molecule Collisions

IV. Molecular Properties

V. Coupling Matrix Elements

VI. Dynamics of Alkali-Atom-Halogen-Molecule Collisions

VII. Conclusions


9 Cross Sections for the Reactions of Alkali Atoms with Halogen Molecules

I. Introduction

II. Diffusion Measurements

III. Beam Studies

IV. Photodissociation Measurements

V. Calculations

VI. Discussion


10 Studies of Excited Alkali Atoms Produced by Photodissociation of Alkali Halides: Superalkali Atoms

I. Introduction

II. The Photodissociation

III. Fluorescence Quenching Experiments Using Photodissociation

IV. Superalkali Atoms


11 Chemiluminescence in Gas Phase Alkali Halide Systems


I. Reactions of Alkali Metals with Halogens

II. Reactions of Alkali Metals with Volatile Halides

III. Ternary Flame Reactions

IV. Alkali Halides as Reactants


12 Alkali Halide Shock Tube Studies

I. Introduction

II. Representative Experimental Techniques

III. Data

IV. Recent Experiments


13 Reaction Models for Alkali Halide Systems

I. Simple Harpoon Models

II. More Detailed Harpoon Models

III. Reactive Electron Affinities

IV. Implications of the Harpoon Model for Reaction Dynamics

V. Summary


14 Classical Trajectory Studies of Alkali Halide Collision Dynamics

I. Introduction

II. Preliminary Considerations

III. Applications to Alkali-Halide Systems

IV. Concluding Remarks


15 Structure of Alkali Halides: Theoretical Methods

I. Introduction

II. Models for Ground State Potential Energy Curves and Dipole Moment Functions

III. Ab Initio Properties of Neutral Molecules

IV. Pseudopotential Methods

V. Ions

VI. Alkali Halide Dimers

VII. Concluding Remarks


Index of Tables



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© Academic Press 1979
Academic Press
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About the Editor

P. Davidovits

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