Alkali Halide Vapors

Alkali Halide Vapors

Structure, Spectra, and Reaction Dynamic

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editor: P. Davidovits
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146258

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Alkali Halide Vapors: Structure, Spectra, and Reaction Dynamics highlights the various studies done in the subject area of alkali halide chemistry. These studies have resulted to providing many relevant insights and paving the way for the study of more complex chemical systems. This book ultimately reviews and summarizes the said studies. This text is divided into two categories: structural and spectral properties of the alkali halide molecules and dynamics of various alkali atom-halogen reactions. The first category is discussed in Chapters 1, 3-5, and 15, while the second category is presented in Chapters 6-14. Chapter 2 however belongs to neither of the said categories as it describes the techniques and considerations related to alkali halogen experiments. Numerous quantitative data in table format are presented all of the discussions in this book. An index of these tables has been compiled and can be found in the last part of the book. This book will be a valuable material to students, scientists, and researchers in the scientific field of chemistry, physics, and applied science.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    1 The Thermodynamic Properties of Alkali Halide Vapors

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurements of Vapor Species

    III. Statistical Mechanical Theories

    IV. Thermodynamic Data on Vapor Species

    V. Conclusion


    2 Production and Detection of Alkali Halide Vapors

    I. Construction Materials and Corrosion

    II. Production of Alkali Halide Vapors

    III. Control of Motion and Internal States of Neutral Molecules

    IV. Detection

    V. Alkali Halides as Sources of Alkali and Halogen Atoms or Ions


    3 Optical Spectra of the Alkali Halide Molecules

    I. States of the Alkali Halides and Hydrides

    II. The Ground States and Vibrational Spectra of the Alkali Halides

    III. Optical Spectra: Photodissociation, Fluorescence, and Absorption

    IV. Electronic Excitation by Electron Impact


    4 Microwave and Radio-frequency Spectroscopy of Alkali Halide Vapors

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Methods

    III. Rotational Spectroscopy

    IV. Interaction with External Electric and Magnetic Fields

    V. Nuclear Hyperfine Interactions

    VI. Conclusion


    5 Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Alkali Halide Vapors

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Methods

    III. Experimental Results

    IV. Larger Clusters

    V. Photoionization Mass Spectra of Alkali Halide Vapors - an Aside

    VI. Conclusion


    6 Reactive Scattering of Alkali Atoms and Alkali Halides at Thermal Energies

    I. Introduction

    II. The Molecular Beam Approach

    III. The Variety of Reactive Scattering Measurements

    IV. Results for Several Chemical Systems

    V. Closing Remarks


    7 Intermolecular Potentials and Energy Exchange Processes between Alkali Halides and Other Gases

    I. Introduction

    II. Nonpolar Gases

    III. Dipolar Gases: Total and Differential Cross Sections; Rotational Dynamics of Dipole Long-Range Interaction

    IV. Quadrupolar Gases

    V. Direct Measurement of Inelastic Scattering Processes


    8 Ion-Pair Formation

    I. Introduction

    II. The Electron Jump Model; Atom-Atom Scattering

    III. Atom-Molecule Collisions

    IV. Molecular Properties

    V. Coupling Matrix Elements

    VI. Dynamics of Alkali-Atom-Halogen-Molecule Collisions

    VII. Conclusions


    9 Cross Sections for the Reactions of Alkali Atoms with Halogen Molecules

    I. Introduction

    II. Diffusion Measurements

    III. Beam Studies

    IV. Photodissociation Measurements

    V. Calculations

    VI. Discussion


    10 Studies of Excited Alkali Atoms Produced by Photodissociation of Alkali Halides: Superalkali Atoms

    I. Introduction

    II. The Photodissociation

    III. Fluorescence Quenching Experiments Using Photodissociation

    IV. Superalkali Atoms


    11 Chemiluminescence in Gas Phase Alkali Halide Systems


    I. Reactions of Alkali Metals with Halogens

    II. Reactions of Alkali Metals with Volatile Halides

    III. Ternary Flame Reactions

    IV. Alkali Halides as Reactants


    12 Alkali Halide Shock Tube Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Representative Experimental Techniques

    III. Data

    IV. Recent Experiments


    13 Reaction Models for Alkali Halide Systems

    I. Simple Harpoon Models

    II. More Detailed Harpoon Models

    III. Reactive Electron Affinities

    IV. Implications of the Harpoon Model for Reaction Dynamics

    V. Summary


    14 Classical Trajectory Studies of Alkali Halide Collision Dynamics

    I. Introduction

    II. Preliminary Considerations

    III. Applications to Alkali-Halide Systems

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    15 Structure of Alkali Halides: Theoretical Methods

    I. Introduction

    II. Models for Ground State Potential Energy Curves and Dipole Moment Functions

    III. Ab Initio Properties of Neutral Molecules

    IV. Pseudopotential Methods

    V. Ions

    VI. Alkali Halide Dimers

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    Index of Tables


Product details

  • No. of pages: 554
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146258

About the Editor

P. Davidovits

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