Algal Green Chemistry

Algal Green Chemistry

Recent Progress in Biotechnology

1st Edition - April 14, 2017

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  • Editors: Rajesh Rastogi, Datta Madamwar, Ashok Pandey
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444637949
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444640413

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Algal Green Chemistry: Recent Progress in Biotechnology presents emerging information on green algal technology for the production of diverse chemicals, metabolites, and other products of commercial value. This book describes and emphasizes the emerging information on green algal technology, with a special emphasis on the production of diverse chemicals, metabolites, and products from algae and cyanobacteria. Topics featured in the book are exceedingly valuable for researchers and scientists in the field of algal green chemistry, with many not covered in current academic studies. It is a unique source of information for scientists, researchers, and biotechnologists who are looking for the development of new technologies in bioremediation, eco-friendly and alternative biofuels, biofertilizers, biogenic biocides, bioplastics, cosmeceuticals, sunscreens, antibiotics, anti-aging, and an array of other biotechnologically important chemicals for human life and their contiguous environment. This book is a great asset for students, researchers, and biotechnologists.

Key Features

  • Discusses high-value chemicals from algae and their industrial applications
  • Explores the potential of algae as a renewable source of bioenergy and biofuels
  • Considers the potential of algae as feed and super-food
  • Presents the role of triggers and cues to algal metabolic pathways
  • Includes developments in the use of algae as bio-filters


Chemical and biochemical engineers, biotechnologists, agricultural chemists and environmental engineers associated with the development of algal biotechnology in academic, government, and industrial research. A textbook for graduate/postgraduate students, teachers, and researchers

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Osmoprotectant and Sunscreen Molecules From Halophilic Algae and Cyanobacteria

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Osmoprotectants and Sunscreen Molecules (MAA)
    • 3. Conclusions and Perspectives

    Chapter 2. UV Photoprotectants From Algae—Synthesis and Bio-Functionalities

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Photoprotectants From Algae
    • 3. Occurrence of MAAs
    • 4. Genetic and Environmental Regulation of MAAs Biosynthesis
    • 5. Scytonemin
    • 6. Bio-Functionalities of MAAs and Scytonemin
    • 7. Conclusion and Future Perspectives

    Chapter 3. Genome- and Proteome-Wide Analyses for Targeted Manipulation and Enhancement of Bioproducts in Cyanobacteria

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. The Spirulina Genomes
    • 3. Transcriptional Regulation of Genes Involved in Production of Value-Added Compounds
    • 4. Proteome Analysis
    • 5. Conclusions and Perspectives

    Chapter 4. Nutraceuticals From Algae and Cyanobacteria

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nutraceuticals and Functional Food From Algae
    • 3. Nutritionally Important Algae
    • 4. Conclusion

    Chapter 5. Natural Antioxidants From Algae: A Therapeutic Perspective

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Oxidative Stress
    • 3. Why Algae?
    • 4. Algal Antioxidants
    • 5. Concluding Remarks and Future Perspectives

    Chapter 6. Microalgae as a Source of Bioplastics

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Direct Use of Microalgae Biomass for Bioplastic Purposes
    • 3. Genetic Engineering of Algal Strains for PHA Production
    • 4. Future Outlook

    Chapter 7. Microalgae-Based Carotenoids Production

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Carotenoid Synthesis Pathways
    • 3. Factors That Influence Carotenogenesis
    • 4. Extraction of Pigments
    • 5. Applications of Carotenoids
    • 6. Future prospects

    Chapter 8. Low-Molecular-Weight Nitrogenous Compounds (GABA and Polyamines) in Blue–Green Algae

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. GABA Biosynthesis
    • 3. GABA Catabolism
    • 4. Role of GABA Against Physiological Stresses
    • 5. Polyamine Biosynthesis
    • 6. Polyamine Catabolism
    • 7. Role of Polyamines Against Physiological Stresses
    • 8. Future Perspectives

    Chapter 9. Algal Pigments for Human Health and Cosmeceuticals

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Algal Pigments
    • 3. Health Benefits of Algal Pigments
    • 4. Application in Cosmetics and Skin Care
    • 5. Other Algal Compounds as Cosmeceuticals
    • 6. Conclusion and Perspectives

    Chapter 10. Role of Algae as a Biofertilizer

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Emergence of Algae as Biofertilizer
    • 3. Algal Diversity in Paddy Fields
    • 4. Effect on Soil Physico-chemical and Biochemical Properties
    • 5. Role of Algae in Amelioration of Sodic Soil
    • 6. Genetically Modified Algae With Potential in Sustainable Agriculture
    • 7. Conclusion and Future Perspectives

    Chapter 11. Modeling and Technoeconomic Analysis of Algae for Bioenergy and Coproducts

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Modeling of Algae Processes for Bioenergy and Coproducts
    • 3. Technical-Economical Analysis of Algae for Bioenergy and Coproducts
    • 4. Conclusions
    • 5. Conclusions and Perspectives

    Chapter 12. Polyamines: Stress Metabolite in Marine Macrophytes

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Polyamine Metabolism and Biological Role in Marine Macrophytes
    • 3. Polyamine Analysis in Marine Macrophytes
    • 4. Involvement of Polyamine in Marine Macrophytes Under Stress Conditions
    • 5. Metabolites' Cross Talk With Polyamines Needs Exploration in Marine Macrophytes
    • 6. Conclusion and Future Perspective

    Chapter 13. Microalgal Biomass Cultivation

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nutrition
    • 3. Cultivation Mode
    • 4. Cultivation Systems
    • 5. Strategies to Increase Cost-effectiveness
    • 6. Conclusions and Perspectives

    Chapter 14. Algal Biofilms and Their Biotechnological Significance

    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Role in Wastewater Treatment Options for Bioremediation and Nutrient Sequestration
    • 3. Algal Biofilms in Agriculture
    • 4. Exploring Algal Biofilms as Sources of Exopolysaccharides
    • 5. Biological Soil Crusts and Algal Biofilms
    • 6. Biofouling and Antifouling
    • 7. Role in Bioremediation
    • 8. Other Applications of Algal Biofilms
    • 9. Future Prospects

Product details

  • No. of pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: April 14, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444637949
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444640413

About the Editors

Rajesh Rastogi

Dr. R. P. Rastogi obtained his Ph.D. in photobiology and molecular biology of cyanobacteria from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. He is the recipient of an international research fellowship. He was a visiting scientist in the Deptartment of Biology, Friedrich Alexander University, Germany. He has published a number of research papers in journals of international repute in the field of cyanobacterial biochemistry and biotechnology and is serving as an editorial member of many journals. His main research interests are molecular microbiology, photochemistry and biotechnology of cyanobacteria.

Affiliations and Expertise

P.G. Dept. of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Anand, Gujarat, India

Datta Madamwar

Dr. Datta Madamwar is professor of microbiology at BRD School of Biosciences and Dean, Faculty of Science, BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India. He received his Ph.D degree from BITS, Pilani. Professor Madamwar is a Microbial Biotechnologist with diverse research interests. His current research focus is on non-aqueous enzymology, industrial liquid waste management, and cyanobacterial biotechnology. He has reported various novel, efficient, and rapid methods of purification of microbial products. He is also working on crystallization and structure determination of photosynthetic pigments. He is a recipient of the European Commission Visiting Scientist Fellowship, Fellow of Biotech Research Society of India, Fellow of Association of Microbiologists of India, Fellow of Association of Biotechnology and Pharmacy and Gujarat Science Academy and a member of several academic bodies. Dr. Madamwar is a member of several taskforce and advisory committees of the National funding agencies like DBT, DST, and GSBTM. He is also on the editorial board of several national and international journals including Bioresource Technology and Elsevier. Prof. Madamwar has more than 190 research publications in highly reputed international journals, several book chapters, and a provisional American Patent to his credit.

Affiliations and Expertise

BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Anand, Gujarat, India

Ashok Pandey

Ashok Pandey
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at the Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Executive Director (Honorary) at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability – India. Formerly, he was Eminent Scientist at the Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing, Mohali and Chief Scientist & Head of Biotechnology Division and Centre for Biofuels at CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum. His major research and technological development interests are industrial & environmental biotechnology and energy biosciences, focusing on biomass to biofuels & chemicals, waste to wealth & energy, industrial enzymes, etc. Professor Pandey is Adjunct/Visiting Professor/Scientist in universities in France, Brazil, Canada, China, Korea, South Africa, and Switzerland and also in several universities several in India. He has ~1425 publications/communications, which include 16 patents, 90 books, >700 papers and book chapters, etc with h index of 105 and ~48,800 citations (Goggle scholar). He has transferred several technologies to industries and has done industrial consultancy for about a dozen projects for Indian/international industries. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and honours, which include Highest Cited Researcher (Top 1% in the world), Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science (2020, 2019 & 2018); Top scientist in Biotechnology (#1 in India and #8 in the world), Stanford University world ranking (2020); Fellow, World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies (2020); Fellow, Indian Chemical Society (2020); Distinguished Scientist, VDGOOD Professional Association, India (2020); Distinguished Professor of Eminence with global impact in the area of Biotechnology, Precious Cornerstone University, Nigeria (2020); IconSWM Life-time Achievement Award 2019, International Society for Solid Waste Management, KIIT, Bhubaneshwar, India (2019); Yonsei Outstanding Scholar, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea (2019); Life-Time Achievement Award from the Biotech Research Society, India (2018); Life-Time Achievement Award from Venus International Research Awards (2018), Most Outstanding Researcher Award from Career360 (2018), Life-Time Achievement Award from the International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2017); Fellow, Royal Society of Biology, UK (2016); Felow, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2016); Academician of European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria (2015); Fellow, National Academy of Sciences, India (2012); Fellow, Association of Microbiologists of India (2008); Honorary Doctorate degree from Univesite Blaise Pascal, France (2007); Fellow, International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2007); Thomson Scientific India Citation Laureate Award, USA (2006); Fellow, the Biotech Research Society, India (2005); UNESCO Professor (2000); Raman Research Fellowship Award, CSIR (1995); GBF, Germany and CNRS, France Fellowships (1992) and Young Scientist Award (1989), etc. Professor Pandey is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (; Founder & International Coordinator of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (, Chairman of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (, Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology (, Honorary Executive Advisor of Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability (, Journal of Systems Microbiology and Biomanufacturing (, Journal of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (, Subject Editor, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India ( and Associate Editor, Biologia – Section Cellular and Molecular Biology ( and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Scientist, Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India

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